Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

A prospective study of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes in China: The Kailuan study.
Medicine (Baltimore) 2016; 95(46):e5350M

Abstract

The worldwide prevalence and incidence of diabetes and obesity are increasing in pandemic proportions. This is particularly relevant for China, where an extremely large population is growing, aging, and urbanizing. We thus conducted a prospective study to examine the prevalence and incidence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diabetes, the rate at which fasting blood glucose rises, and the major modifiable risk factors associated with these outcomes in a large Chinese population from the Kailuan prospective study.A prospective cohort included 100,279 Chinese participants, aged 18 years or more, who had available information on fasting blood glucose concentrations at the start of the study (2006). Examination surveys were conducted every 2 years in 2008 and 2010. For the analyses of incident diabetes, we included 76,869 participants who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at the baseline and participants in the 2008 and/or 2010 follow-up. Diabetes was defined by a fasting blood glucose concentration ≥7 mmol/L, self-reported history, or active treatment with insulin or any oral hypoglycemic agent. IFG was defined by a fasting blood glucose concentration between 5.6 and 6.9 mmol/L.During the 4-year study, the prevalence of diabetes and IFG rose from 6.6% to 7.7%, and 17.3% to 22.6%, respectively. There were 17,811 incident cases of IFG and 4867 incident cases of diabetes. The age-standardized incident rate of IFG and diabetes were 62.6/1000 person-years (51.2/1000 person-years in women and 73.8/1000 person-years in men) and 10.0/1000 person-years (7.8/1000 person-years in women and 12.1/1000 person-years in men), respectively. We observed steady increases in fasting blood glucose with body anthropometrics and in every defined category of body mass index, including in those traditionally considered to be well within the "normal" range.In this large longitudinal study of Chinese adults, we observed a high prevalence and incidence of IFG and diabetes over 4 years of follow-up. Our findings are alarming for Chinese public health since steady rises in fasting blood glucose were seen across all permutations of body habitus, even apparently very lean individuals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

aDepartment of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Hypertension, Brigham and Women's Hospital & Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA bDepartment of Internal Medicine, Kailuan Hospital cDepartment of Internal Medicine, Hebei Union University Hospital, Tangshan, Hebei dDepartment of Neurology, Beijing Tian Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China eDepartment of Rheumatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital & Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA fDepartment of respiratory medicine, The People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Ürümqi, Xinjiang, China gDepartment of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA hDepartment of Nutritional Science, Penn State University, State College, PA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27861364

Citation

Vaidya, Anand, et al. "A Prospective Study of Impaired Fasting Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes in China: the Kailuan Study." Medicine, vol. 95, no. 46, 2016, pp. e5350.
Vaidya A, Cui L, Sun L, et al. A prospective study of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes in China: The Kailuan study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016;95(46):e5350.
Vaidya, A., Cui, L., Sun, L., Lu, B., Chen, S., Liu, X., ... Gao, X. (2016). A prospective study of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes in China: The Kailuan study. Medicine, 95(46), pp. e5350.
Vaidya A, et al. A Prospective Study of Impaired Fasting Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes in China: the Kailuan Study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016;95(46):e5350. PubMed PMID: 27861364.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A prospective study of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes in China: The Kailuan study. AU - Vaidya,Anand, AU - Cui,Liufu, AU - Sun,Lixia, AU - Lu,Bing, AU - Chen,Shuohua, AU - Liu,Xing, AU - Zhou,Yong, AU - Liu,Xiurong, AU - Xie,Xiaobing, AU - Hu,Frank B, AU - Wu,Shouling, AU - Gao,Xiang, PY - 2016/11/19/entrez PY - 2016/11/20/pubmed PY - 2017/2/12/medline SP - e5350 EP - e5350 JF - Medicine JO - Medicine (Baltimore) VL - 95 IS - 46 N2 - The worldwide prevalence and incidence of diabetes and obesity are increasing in pandemic proportions. This is particularly relevant for China, where an extremely large population is growing, aging, and urbanizing. We thus conducted a prospective study to examine the prevalence and incidence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diabetes, the rate at which fasting blood glucose rises, and the major modifiable risk factors associated with these outcomes in a large Chinese population from the Kailuan prospective study.A prospective cohort included 100,279 Chinese participants, aged 18 years or more, who had available information on fasting blood glucose concentrations at the start of the study (2006). Examination surveys were conducted every 2 years in 2008 and 2010. For the analyses of incident diabetes, we included 76,869 participants who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at the baseline and participants in the 2008 and/or 2010 follow-up. Diabetes was defined by a fasting blood glucose concentration ≥7 mmol/L, self-reported history, or active treatment with insulin or any oral hypoglycemic agent. IFG was defined by a fasting blood glucose concentration between 5.6 and 6.9 mmol/L.During the 4-year study, the prevalence of diabetes and IFG rose from 6.6% to 7.7%, and 17.3% to 22.6%, respectively. There were 17,811 incident cases of IFG and 4867 incident cases of diabetes. The age-standardized incident rate of IFG and diabetes were 62.6/1000 person-years (51.2/1000 person-years in women and 73.8/1000 person-years in men) and 10.0/1000 person-years (7.8/1000 person-years in women and 12.1/1000 person-years in men), respectively. We observed steady increases in fasting blood glucose with body anthropometrics and in every defined category of body mass index, including in those traditionally considered to be well within the "normal" range.In this large longitudinal study of Chinese adults, we observed a high prevalence and incidence of IFG and diabetes over 4 years of follow-up. Our findings are alarming for Chinese public health since steady rises in fasting blood glucose were seen across all permutations of body habitus, even apparently very lean individuals. SN - 1536-5964 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27861364/A_prospective_study_of_impaired_fasting_glucose_and_type_2_diabetes_in_China:_The_Kailuan_study_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000005350 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -