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Role of thromboxane in interleukin 2-induced lung injury in sheep.
Cancer Res. 1989 Jul 01; 49(13):3542-9.CR

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-2 administration leads to respiratory dysfunction due to increased vascular permeability. This study examines the role of thromboxane (Tx)A2 in IL-2 induced lung injury in sheep with chronic lung lymph fistulae. This preparation enables evaluation of permeability prior to the development of gross edema. IL-2, 10(5) units/kg (n = 6), or its excipient control (n = 5) was given as an i.v. bolus over 2 min. After 2 h of IL-2 administration, plasma TxB2 increased from 168 to 388 pg/ml (P less than 0.05) and lung lymph TxB2 from 235 to 694 pg/ml (P less than 0.05). Mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) rose from 13 to 29 mm of Hg (P less than 0.05) at 30 min and remained elevated for 4 h while the pulmonary artery wedge pressure was unchanged at 4 mm of Hg. Arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) fell from 88 to 77 mm of Hg (P less than 0.05). Lung lymph flow (QL) rose from 2.2 to 3.8 ml/30 min (P less than 0.05) at 1 h and to 6.4 ml/30 min at 3 h. This rise coincided with an increase in the lymph/plasma (L/P) protein ratio from 0.67 to 0.77 (P less than 0.05). In contrast, the non-IL-2-infused sheep (n = 3) recruitment of the lung vasculature by left atrial balloon inflation led to a rise in QL from 2.4 to 8.2 ml/30 min, whereas the L/P ratio declined from 0.62 to 0.25, suggesting that the protein-rich lymph flow after IL-2 administration reflected increased microvascular permeability. In further proof of an increase in permeability, IL-2 administration into sheep (n = 2) with an inflated left atrial balloon led, after a pressure-independent L/P protein ratio had been achieved, to an increase in L/P protein ratio and decrease in protein reflection coefficient. At 2 h after IL-2, the blood leukocyte count fell from 8156 to 4375/mm3 (P less than 0.05) primarily due to a 73% drop in lymphocytes. The platelet count declined from 292 to 184 x 10(3)/mm3 (P less than 0.05). Body temperature rose from 38.9-40.3 degrees C (P less than 0.05), and shaking chills were common. Pretreatment with the Tx synthetase inhibitor OKY 046 (n = 7) lowered baseline plasma and lymph TxB2 levels to 22 and 52 pg/ml (P less than 0.05) and prevented the IL-2-induced increase in plasma and lung lymph TxB2 (P less than 0.05).(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2786452

Citation

Klausner, J M., et al. "Role of Thromboxane in Interleukin 2-induced Lung Injury in Sheep." Cancer Research, vol. 49, no. 13, 1989, pp. 3542-9.
Klausner JM, Paterson IS, Morel NM, et al. Role of thromboxane in interleukin 2-induced lung injury in sheep. Cancer Res. 1989;49(13):3542-9.
Klausner, J. M., Paterson, I. S., Morel, N. M., Goldman, G., Gray, A. D., Valeri, R., Eberlein, T. J., Shepro, D., & Hechtman, H. B. (1989). Role of thromboxane in interleukin 2-induced lung injury in sheep. Cancer Research, 49(13), 3542-9.
Klausner JM, et al. Role of Thromboxane in Interleukin 2-induced Lung Injury in Sheep. Cancer Res. 1989 Jul 1;49(13):3542-9. PubMed PMID: 2786452.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Role of thromboxane in interleukin 2-induced lung injury in sheep. AU - Klausner,J M, AU - Paterson,I S, AU - Morel,N M, AU - Goldman,G, AU - Gray,A D, AU - Valeri,R, AU - Eberlein,T J, AU - Shepro,D, AU - Hechtman,H B, PY - 1989/7/1/pubmed PY - 1989/7/1/medline PY - 1989/7/1/entrez SP - 3542 EP - 9 JF - Cancer research JO - Cancer Res VL - 49 IS - 13 N2 - Interleukin (IL)-2 administration leads to respiratory dysfunction due to increased vascular permeability. This study examines the role of thromboxane (Tx)A2 in IL-2 induced lung injury in sheep with chronic lung lymph fistulae. This preparation enables evaluation of permeability prior to the development of gross edema. IL-2, 10(5) units/kg (n = 6), or its excipient control (n = 5) was given as an i.v. bolus over 2 min. After 2 h of IL-2 administration, plasma TxB2 increased from 168 to 388 pg/ml (P less than 0.05) and lung lymph TxB2 from 235 to 694 pg/ml (P less than 0.05). Mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) rose from 13 to 29 mm of Hg (P less than 0.05) at 30 min and remained elevated for 4 h while the pulmonary artery wedge pressure was unchanged at 4 mm of Hg. Arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) fell from 88 to 77 mm of Hg (P less than 0.05). Lung lymph flow (QL) rose from 2.2 to 3.8 ml/30 min (P less than 0.05) at 1 h and to 6.4 ml/30 min at 3 h. This rise coincided with an increase in the lymph/plasma (L/P) protein ratio from 0.67 to 0.77 (P less than 0.05). In contrast, the non-IL-2-infused sheep (n = 3) recruitment of the lung vasculature by left atrial balloon inflation led to a rise in QL from 2.4 to 8.2 ml/30 min, whereas the L/P ratio declined from 0.62 to 0.25, suggesting that the protein-rich lymph flow after IL-2 administration reflected increased microvascular permeability. In further proof of an increase in permeability, IL-2 administration into sheep (n = 2) with an inflated left atrial balloon led, after a pressure-independent L/P protein ratio had been achieved, to an increase in L/P protein ratio and decrease in protein reflection coefficient. At 2 h after IL-2, the blood leukocyte count fell from 8156 to 4375/mm3 (P less than 0.05) primarily due to a 73% drop in lymphocytes. The platelet count declined from 292 to 184 x 10(3)/mm3 (P less than 0.05). Body temperature rose from 38.9-40.3 degrees C (P less than 0.05), and shaking chills were common. Pretreatment with the Tx synthetase inhibitor OKY 046 (n = 7) lowered baseline plasma and lymph TxB2 levels to 22 and 52 pg/ml (P less than 0.05) and prevented the IL-2-induced increase in plasma and lung lymph TxB2 (P less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0008-5472 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2786452/Role_of_thromboxane_in_interleukin_2_induced_lung_injury_in_sheep_ L2 - http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=2786452 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -