Face, content, and construct validation of a low-cost, non-biologic, sinus surgery task trainer and knowledge-based curriculum.Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 04; 7(4):405-413.IF
The purpose of this study was to evaluate face and content validity of a low-cost, low-technology, non-biologic endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) task trainer and knowledge-based curriculum followed by construct validation of the task trainer.
A sinus surgery task trainer and curriculum were developed. Attending otolaryngologists were surveyed regarding the utility of the task trainer and curriculum. A cross-sectional construct validation study was performed including medical students, residents, and attending otolaryngologists. Nine tasks were performed on the task trainer and graded using a global rating scale (GRS). Predictors of task trainer performance were evaluated, and spatial performance was measured. Regression analyses were performed to assess main associations.
All attending physicians (n = 7) agreed that the task trainer accelerates the learning curve and incorporates essential ESS techniques and that the knowledge-based curriculum describes anatomical and technical knowledge germane to ESS. Twelve medical students, 9 otolaryngology residents, and 5 attending otolaryngologists completed task trainer testing. GRS score varied by level of training after adjusting for potential confounders (slope = 2.63; p = 0.001). There was evidence of an association between a history of video gaming (slope = 1.33; p = 0.077), sports experience (slope = 2.08; p = 0.033), and sinus surgery simulation (slope = 2.72; p = 0.023) with GRS score, although not statistically significant.
This study demonstrated validity of a knowledge-based sinus surgery curriculum and low-cost, sinus task trainer supporting use in early training. Participants with prior video gaming, sports participation, and sinus surgery simulation experience perform better at baseline on the task trainer.