Fatty acid composition of serum lipids in patients with a coronary bypass operation.J Intern Med 1989; 225(5):343-7JI
The fatty acid composition of serum phospholipids and cholesteryl esters was analysed in 71 male patients with angiographically defined three-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) selected for a coronary bypass operation. Their 71 control subjects were matched according to age, sex, smoking, relative weight, and absence of CAD. The concentrations of fatty acids, 14:0, 16:0 and 16:1 of the serum phospholipids, were significantly (P less than 0.01, P less than 0.05 and P less than 0.01, respectively) higher in CAD patients than in the controls. On the other hand, linoleic (18:2 omega 6), linolenic (18:3 omega 3) and arachidonic (20:4 omega 6) acids were at a significantly lower level in the patients when compared to the controls. The polyunsaturated/saturated fatty acids (P/S) ratio in serum phospholipids was significantly (P less than 0.01) lower in the patients than in the controls. In the cholesteryl ester fraction the results paralleled those of the phospholipids. Significant correlations were obtained between the polyunsaturated fatty acids and the high density lipoprotein cholesterol or apolipoprotein A-I in the control subjects but most of these correlations were absent in the patients. Our present results further support the importance of linoleic acid in the protection against atherosclerosis. However, no unequivocal evidence on the possible beneficial effect of long-chain omega 3-fatty acids in comparison with omega 6-acids was obtained.