Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Muscle adaptations following 21 consecutive days of strength test familiarization compared with traditional training.
Muscle Nerve. 2017 08; 56(2):307-314.MN

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Large increases in 1-repetition maximum (1RM) strength have been demonstrated from repeated testing, but it is unknown whether these increases can be augmented by resistance training.

METHODS

Five trained individuals performed a 1RM test and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) for unilateral elbow flexion exercise on 1 arm (testing arm), while the other arm performed a 1RM test and MVC, in addition to 3 sets of exercise (70% 1RM) (training arm), for 21 straight days.

RESULTS

Although only the training arm had increased muscle thickness [mean 0.28 cm, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.22-0.33 cm], 1RM strength increased similarly in the training (2.2 kg, 95% CI 0.9-3.4 kg; P = 0.008) and testing (1.9 kg, 95% CI 0.5-3.2 kg; P = 0.019) arms.

CONCLUSION

Increases in 1RM strength from resistance training are related to the specificity of exercise and are likely driven by mechanisms other than muscle growth. Muscle Nerve 56: 307-314, 2017.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, Kevser Ermin Applied Physiology Laboratory, University of Mississippi, P.O. Box 1848, University, Mississippi, 38677, USA.Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, Kevser Ermin Applied Physiology Laboratory, University of Mississippi, P.O. Box 1848, University, Mississippi, 38677, USA.Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, Kevser Ermin Applied Physiology Laboratory, University of Mississippi, P.O. Box 1848, University, Mississippi, 38677, USA.Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, Kevser Ermin Applied Physiology Laboratory, University of Mississippi, P.O. Box 1848, University, Mississippi, 38677, USA.National Institute of Fitness and Sports, Kanoya, Kagoshima, Japan.Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, Kevser Ermin Applied Physiology Laboratory, University of Mississippi, P.O. Box 1848, University, Mississippi, 38677, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27875635

Citation

Dankel, Scott J., et al. "Muscle Adaptations Following 21 Consecutive Days of Strength Test Familiarization Compared With Traditional Training." Muscle & Nerve, vol. 56, no. 2, 2017, pp. 307-314.
Dankel SJ, Counts BR, Barnett BE, et al. Muscle adaptations following 21 consecutive days of strength test familiarization compared with traditional training. Muscle Nerve. 2017;56(2):307-314.
Dankel, S. J., Counts, B. R., Barnett, B. E., Buckner, S. L., Abe, T., & Loenneke, J. P. (2017). Muscle adaptations following 21 consecutive days of strength test familiarization compared with traditional training. Muscle & Nerve, 56(2), 307-314. https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.25488
Dankel SJ, et al. Muscle Adaptations Following 21 Consecutive Days of Strength Test Familiarization Compared With Traditional Training. Muscle Nerve. 2017;56(2):307-314. PubMed PMID: 27875635.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Muscle adaptations following 21 consecutive days of strength test familiarization compared with traditional training. AU - Dankel,Scott J, AU - Counts,Brittany R, AU - Barnett,Brian E, AU - Buckner,Samuel L, AU - Abe,Takashi, AU - Loenneke,Jeremy P, Y1 - 2017/03/03/ PY - 2016/09/07/received PY - 2016/11/15/revised PY - 2016/11/20/accepted PY - 2016/11/23/pubmed PY - 2017/8/19/medline PY - 2016/11/23/entrez KW - familiarization KW - frequency KW - hypertrophy KW - resistance training KW - specificity SP - 307 EP - 314 JF - Muscle & nerve JO - Muscle Nerve VL - 56 IS - 2 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Large increases in 1-repetition maximum (1RM) strength have been demonstrated from repeated testing, but it is unknown whether these increases can be augmented by resistance training. METHODS: Five trained individuals performed a 1RM test and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) for unilateral elbow flexion exercise on 1 arm (testing arm), while the other arm performed a 1RM test and MVC, in addition to 3 sets of exercise (70% 1RM) (training arm), for 21 straight days. RESULTS: Although only the training arm had increased muscle thickness [mean 0.28 cm, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.22-0.33 cm], 1RM strength increased similarly in the training (2.2 kg, 95% CI 0.9-3.4 kg; P = 0.008) and testing (1.9 kg, 95% CI 0.5-3.2 kg; P = 0.019) arms. CONCLUSION: Increases in 1RM strength from resistance training are related to the specificity of exercise and are likely driven by mechanisms other than muscle growth. Muscle Nerve 56: 307-314, 2017. SN - 1097-4598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27875635/Muscle_adaptations_following_21_consecutive_days_of_strength_test_familiarization_compared_with_traditional_training_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.25488 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -