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Prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities in the United States.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 Jan 01; 170:82-92.DA

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to present current nationally representative data on the prevalences, sociodemographic correlates and risk of DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities (SMs) relative to heterosexuals, and among SMs by gender.

METHODS

Data were derived from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III.

RESULTS

In the general noninstitutionalized population, 1.5%, 1.3% and 0.5% of individuals self-identified as gay/lesbian, bisexual and not sure sexual orientations. Men were more likely to report gay/lesbian orientation than women (1.8% vs. 1.2%). Women were more likely than men to report bisexual (1.8% vs. 0.8%) and not sure (0.6% vs. 0.4%) sexual orientations. Sociodemographic characteristics varied across sexual orientation and gender. Relative to heterosexuals, disparities in substance use and psychiatric disorders were found across sexual orientations, especially among bisexual women. Greater rates of specific psychiatric disorders were also demonstrated by women reporting bisexual and not sure orientations relative to lesbian women, with fewer differences in rates of psychopathology among SM men.

CONCLUSIONS

Despite growing acceptance of SMs and SM rights over the past decade, substantial mental health disparities exist among these subgroups of the U.S. noninstitutionalized population, especially among bisexual women. More research is needed to understand these mental health disparities, while considering nuances of multiple intersecting minority identities and unique contextual factors.

FINDINGS

underscore the importance of advancing future population-based research that includes detailed information on the health and well-being of SMs in the United States.

Authors+Show Affiliations

New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive Unit 123 New York, NY 10032, United States. Electronic address: bradleykerridge@gmail.com.Epidemiology and Biometry Branch, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 5635 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20852, United States.Epidemiology and Biometry Branch, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 5635 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20852, United States.Epidemiology and Biometry Branch, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 5635 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20852, United States.Epidemiology and Biometry Branch, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 5635 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20852, United States.Epidemiology and Biometry Branch, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 5635 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20852, United States.Epidemiology and Biometry Branch, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, 5635 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20852, United States.New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive Unit 123 New York, NY 10032, United States; College of Physicians and Surgeons, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27883948

Citation

Kerridge, Bradley T., et al. "Prevalence, Sociodemographic Correlates and DSM-5 Substance Use Disorders and Other Psychiatric Disorders Among Sexual Minorities in the United States." Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 170, 2017, pp. 82-92.
Kerridge BT, Pickering RP, Saha TD, et al. Prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities in the United States. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017;170:82-92.
Kerridge, B. T., Pickering, R. P., Saha, T. D., Ruan, W. J., Chou, S. P., Zhang, H., Jung, J., & Hasin, D. S. (2017). Prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities in the United States. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 170, 82-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.10.038
Kerridge BT, et al. Prevalence, Sociodemographic Correlates and DSM-5 Substance Use Disorders and Other Psychiatric Disorders Among Sexual Minorities in the United States. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 Jan 1;170:82-92. PubMed PMID: 27883948.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities in the United States. AU - Kerridge,Bradley T, AU - Pickering,Roger P, AU - Saha,Tulshi D, AU - Ruan,W June, AU - Chou,S Patricia, AU - Zhang,Haitao, AU - Jung,Jeesun, AU - Hasin,Deborah S, Y1 - 2016/11/07/ PY - 2016/05/21/received PY - 2016/10/10/revised PY - 2016/10/12/accepted PY - 2016/11/25/pubmed PY - 2017/10/25/medline PY - 2016/11/25/entrez KW - Bisexual KW - Disparities KW - Gay/lesbian KW - Psychiatric disorders KW - Sexual minorities KW - Substance use disorders SP - 82 EP - 92 JF - Drug and alcohol dependence JO - Drug Alcohol Depend VL - 170 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present current nationally representative data on the prevalences, sociodemographic correlates and risk of DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities (SMs) relative to heterosexuals, and among SMs by gender. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: In the general noninstitutionalized population, 1.5%, 1.3% and 0.5% of individuals self-identified as gay/lesbian, bisexual and not sure sexual orientations. Men were more likely to report gay/lesbian orientation than women (1.8% vs. 1.2%). Women were more likely than men to report bisexual (1.8% vs. 0.8%) and not sure (0.6% vs. 0.4%) sexual orientations. Sociodemographic characteristics varied across sexual orientation and gender. Relative to heterosexuals, disparities in substance use and psychiatric disorders were found across sexual orientations, especially among bisexual women. Greater rates of specific psychiatric disorders were also demonstrated by women reporting bisexual and not sure orientations relative to lesbian women, with fewer differences in rates of psychopathology among SM men. CONCLUSIONS: Despite growing acceptance of SMs and SM rights over the past decade, substantial mental health disparities exist among these subgroups of the U.S. noninstitutionalized population, especially among bisexual women. More research is needed to understand these mental health disparities, while considering nuances of multiple intersecting minority identities and unique contextual factors. FINDINGS: underscore the importance of advancing future population-based research that includes detailed information on the health and well-being of SMs in the United States. SN - 1879-0046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27883948/Prevalence_sociodemographic_correlates_and_DSM_5_substance_use_disorders_and_other_psychiatric_disorders_among_sexual_minorities_in_the_United_States_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0376-8716(16)30989-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -