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Case-control study examining the impact of oral health problems on the quality of life of the families of preschoolers.
Braz Oral Res 2016; 30(1):e121BO

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries, traumatic dental injuries (TDI), toothaches, and malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the families of Brazilian preschool children. A population-based, matched case-control study involving 415 pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years was conducted. The case (impact on OHRQoL) and control groups (no impact on OHRQoL) were matched for age, gender, and family income at an 1:4 ratio. Impact on the OHRQoL of a family was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS). Dental caries, TDI, and malocclusion were diagnosed by three calibrated dentists (Kappa: 0.85-0.90). Data analysis involved descriptive statistics and conditional logistic regression analysis (p ≤ 0.05; 95%CI). There were no differences between the cases and controls regarding age, gender, and family income (p > 0.05). The most frequent responses on the B-ECOHIS among cases were "felt guilty" (68.6%) and "been upset" (48.2%). The following variables were significantly associated with negative impacts on family OHRQoL (cases): caries severity (OR = 6.680; 95%CI = 2.731-16.349), a history of toothache (OR = 2.666; 95%CI = 1.492-4.765), parental rating of the child's oral health as poor (OR: 1.973; 95%CI = 1.072-3.634), and parent's/caregiver's age (OR = 2.936; 95%CI = 1.077-3.478). Anterior open bite was positively associated with OHRQoL (OR = 4.050; 95%CI = 1.333-12.314). Caries severity, a history of toothache, parental rating of the child's oral health as poor, and younger parents/caregivers were associated with impact on the OHRQoL of the families of preschoolers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, School of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Department of Dentistry, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, School of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, School of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, School of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Department of Dentistry, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27901203

Citation

Firmino, Ramon Targino, et al. "Case-control Study Examining the Impact of Oral Health Problems On the Quality of Life of the Families of Preschoolers." Brazilian Oral Research, vol. 30, no. 1, 2016, pp. e121.
Firmino RT, Gomes MC, Vieira-Andrade RG, et al. Case-control study examining the impact of oral health problems on the quality of life of the families of preschoolers. Braz Oral Res. 2016;30(1):e121.
Firmino, R. T., Gomes, M. C., Vieira-Andrade, R. G., Martins, C. C., Paiva, S. M., & Granville-Garcia, A. F. (2016). Case-control study examining the impact of oral health problems on the quality of life of the families of preschoolers. Brazilian Oral Research, 30(1), pp. e121. doi:10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2016.vol30.0121.
Firmino RT, et al. Case-control Study Examining the Impact of Oral Health Problems On the Quality of Life of the Families of Preschoolers. Braz Oral Res. 2016 Nov 28;30(1):e121. PubMed PMID: 27901203.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Case-control study examining the impact of oral health problems on the quality of life of the families of preschoolers. AU - Firmino,Ramon Targino, AU - Gomes,Monalisa Cesarino, AU - Vieira-Andrade,Raquel Gonçalves, AU - Martins,Carolina Castro, AU - Paiva,Saul Martins, AU - Granville-Garcia,Ana Flávia, Y1 - 2016/11/28/ PY - 2015/12/14/received PY - 2016/08/30/accepted PY - 2016/12/1/entrez PY - 2016/12/3/pubmed PY - 2017/3/9/medline SP - e121 EP - e121 JF - Brazilian oral research JO - Braz Oral Res VL - 30 IS - 1 N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries, traumatic dental injuries (TDI), toothaches, and malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the families of Brazilian preschool children. A population-based, matched case-control study involving 415 pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years was conducted. The case (impact on OHRQoL) and control groups (no impact on OHRQoL) were matched for age, gender, and family income at an 1:4 ratio. Impact on the OHRQoL of a family was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS). Dental caries, TDI, and malocclusion were diagnosed by three calibrated dentists (Kappa: 0.85-0.90). Data analysis involved descriptive statistics and conditional logistic regression analysis (p ≤ 0.05; 95%CI). There were no differences between the cases and controls regarding age, gender, and family income (p > 0.05). The most frequent responses on the B-ECOHIS among cases were "felt guilty" (68.6%) and "been upset" (48.2%). The following variables were significantly associated with negative impacts on family OHRQoL (cases): caries severity (OR = 6.680; 95%CI = 2.731-16.349), a history of toothache (OR = 2.666; 95%CI = 1.492-4.765), parental rating of the child's oral health as poor (OR: 1.973; 95%CI = 1.072-3.634), and parent's/caregiver's age (OR = 2.936; 95%CI = 1.077-3.478). Anterior open bite was positively associated with OHRQoL (OR = 4.050; 95%CI = 1.333-12.314). Caries severity, a history of toothache, parental rating of the child's oral health as poor, and younger parents/caregivers were associated with impact on the OHRQoL of the families of preschoolers. SN - 1807-3107 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27901203/Case_control_study_examining_the_impact_of_oral_health_problems_on_the_quality_of_life_of_the_families_of_preschoolers_ L2 - http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-83242016000100312&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -