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Dietary sodium and potassium intakes: Data from urban and rural areas.
Nutrition. 2017 Jan; 33:35-41.N

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations, but little data is available on salt and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in this study that sodium and potassium intake might be high and low, respectively, in the Beninese population in view of the emerging nutritional transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium intakes based on 24-h urine collections.

METHODS

We selected 420 individuals (ages 25-64 y), representative of the population, from urban and rural areas in Benin. Urine was collected over 24 h, and sodium, potassium, and creatinine were quantified. Blood pressure was measured on the left arm using a validated electronic oscillometric monitor.

RESULTS

Adequate data were available for 354 participants. Mean dietary intake of sodium and potassium were 4.4 ± 2.1 and 1.8 ± 0.9 g/24 h, respectively. High intake of sodium was associated with urban area, age <44 y, administrative occupation, higher income, body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2, and a large waist circumference. High potassium intake was associated with male sex, administrative occupation, BMI ≥25 kg/m2, and large waist circumference. Sodium intake was associated with high systolic and diastolic blood pressures. In multivariate analysis, only age <44 y and, marginally, BMI ≥25 kg/m2 were associated with high sodium intake, whereas male sex and a BMI ≥25 kg/m2 were associated with high potassium intake.

CONCLUSION

Large proportions of the population had sodium intake higher, and potassium intake lower, than dietary recommendations. These results suggest that interventions to reduce salt consumption and promote potassium-rich foods, including fruits and vegetables, are needed in Benin.

Authors+Show Affiliations

INSERM, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, Limoges, France; Laboratory of Non-communicable and Neurologic Diseases Epidemiology (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Science, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin; CHU Limoges, Unit of Nutrition, Limoges, France. Electronic address: carmelle.mizehoun@gmail.com.INSERM, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, Limoges, France; Laboratory of Non-communicable and Neurologic Diseases Epidemiology (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Science, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.INSERM, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, Limoges, France; Laboratory of Non-communicable and Neurologic Diseases Epidemiology (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Science, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.CHU Limoges, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Limoges, France.INSERM, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, Limoges, France.Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.INSERM, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, Limoges, France; CHU Limoges, Unit of Cardiology, Limoges, France.INSERM, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, Limoges, France.Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.INSERM, UMR_S 1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, Limoges, France; CHU Limoges, Unit of Nutrition, Limoges, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27908548

Citation

Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Carmelle, et al. "Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intakes: Data From Urban and Rural Areas." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 33, 2017, pp. 35-41.
Mizéhoun-Adissoda C, Houinato D, Houehanou C, et al. Dietary sodium and potassium intakes: Data from urban and rural areas. Nutrition. 2017;33:35-41.
Mizéhoun-Adissoda, C., Houinato, D., Houehanou, C., Chianea, T., Dalmay, F., Bigot, A., Aboyans, V., Preux, P. M., Bovet, P., & Desport, J. C. (2017). Dietary sodium and potassium intakes: Data from urban and rural areas. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 33, 35-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2016.08.007
Mizéhoun-Adissoda C, et al. Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intakes: Data From Urban and Rural Areas. Nutrition. 2017;33:35-41. PubMed PMID: 27908548.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary sodium and potassium intakes: Data from urban and rural areas. AU - Mizéhoun-Adissoda,Carmelle, AU - Houinato,Dismand, AU - Houehanou,Corine, AU - Chianea,Thierry, AU - Dalmay,François, AU - Bigot,André, AU - Aboyans,Victor, AU - Preux,Pierre-Marie, AU - Bovet,Pascal, AU - Desport,Jean-Claude, Y1 - 2016/09/07/ PY - 2016/04/25/received PY - 2016/08/17/revised PY - 2016/08/25/accepted PY - 2016/12/3/entrez PY - 2016/12/3/pubmed PY - 2017/6/27/medline KW - Benin KW - Epidemiology KW - Nutrition KW - Potassium intake KW - Sodium intake SP - 35 EP - 41 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 33 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations, but little data is available on salt and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in this study that sodium and potassium intake might be high and low, respectively, in the Beninese population in view of the emerging nutritional transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium intakes based on 24-h urine collections. METHODS: We selected 420 individuals (ages 25-64 y), representative of the population, from urban and rural areas in Benin. Urine was collected over 24 h, and sodium, potassium, and creatinine were quantified. Blood pressure was measured on the left arm using a validated electronic oscillometric monitor. RESULTS: Adequate data were available for 354 participants. Mean dietary intake of sodium and potassium were 4.4 ± 2.1 and 1.8 ± 0.9 g/24 h, respectively. High intake of sodium was associated with urban area, age <44 y, administrative occupation, higher income, body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2, and a large waist circumference. High potassium intake was associated with male sex, administrative occupation, BMI ≥25 kg/m2, and large waist circumference. Sodium intake was associated with high systolic and diastolic blood pressures. In multivariate analysis, only age <44 y and, marginally, BMI ≥25 kg/m2 were associated with high sodium intake, whereas male sex and a BMI ≥25 kg/m2 were associated with high potassium intake. CONCLUSION: Large proportions of the population had sodium intake higher, and potassium intake lower, than dietary recommendations. These results suggest that interventions to reduce salt consumption and promote potassium-rich foods, including fruits and vegetables, are needed in Benin. SN - 1873-1244 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27908548/Dietary_sodium_and_potassium_intakes:_Data_from_urban_and_rural_areas_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(16)30198-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -