Predicting dissatisfaction following total knee arthroplasty in patients under 55 years of age.Bone Joint J 2016; 98-B(12):1625-1634BJ
Risk of revision following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is higher in patients under 55 years, but little data are reported regarding non-revision outcomes. This study aims to identify predictors of dissatisfaction in these patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
We prospectively assessed 177 TKAs (157 consecutive patients, 99 women, mean age 50 years; 17 to 54) from 2008 to 2013. Age, gender, implant, indication, body mass index (BMI), social deprivation, range of movement, Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade of osteoarthritis (OA) and prior knee surgery were recorded. Pre- and post-operative Oxford Knee Score (OKS) as well as Short Form-12 physical (PCS) and mental component scores were obtained. Post-operative range of movement, complications and satisfaction were measured at one year.
Overall, 44 patients with 44 TKAs (24.9%) under 55 years of age were unsure or dissatisfied with their knee. Significant predictors of dissatisfaction on univariate analysis included: KL grade 1/2 OA (59% dissatisfied), poor pre-operative OKS, complications, poor improvements in PCS and OKS and indication (primary OA 19% dissatisfied, previous meniscectomy 41%, multiply operated 42%, other surgery 29%, BMI > 40 kg/m2 31%, post-traumatic OA 45%, and inflammatory arthropathy 5%). Poor pre-operative OKS, poor improvement in OKS and post-operative stiffness independently predicted dissatisfaction on multivariate analysis.
Patients receiving TKA younger than 55 years old should be informed about the increased risks of dissatisfaction. Offering TKA in KL 1/2 is questionable, with a dissatisfaction rate of 59%. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1625-34.