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The Influence of Health Behaviours in Childhood on Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescence.

Abstract

Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is a global public health burden. Identification of health-related behavioral risk factors including diet quality and physical and sedentary activities for ADHD is important for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies to improve mental health. This study aimed to examine the association of diet quality, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in childhood with ADHD throughout adolescence. We linked data from grade five students aged primarily 10 and 11 years old who participated in a population-based lifestyle survey in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia with their administrative health care data. We applied negative binomial regression methods to examine the associations between health behaviours and ADHD. Of the 4875 students, 9.7% had one or more diagnoses of ADHD between the ages of 10/11 and 18 years. The number of primary diagnoses with ADHD was statistically significantly lower among students with better diet quality, higher levels of physical activity, and those that spent less time playing computers and video games (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that health promotion programs aiming to improve children's diets and active lifestyles may also reduce the public health burden of ADHD.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 350 University Terrace, 8303-112 Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2T4, Canada. xiuyun@ualberta.ca.

    ,

    School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 350 University Terrace, 8303-112 Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2T4, Canada. arto.ohinmaa@ualberta.ca.

    School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 350 University Terrace, 8303-112 Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2T4, Canada. paul.veugelers@ualberta.ca.

    Source

    Nutrients 8:12 2016 Dec 02 pg

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    Child
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    Exercise
    Female
    Health Behavior
    Humans
    Male
    Nova Scotia
    Regression Analysis
    Sedentary Behavior

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    27918425

    Citation

    Wu, Xiuyun, et al. "The Influence of Health Behaviours in Childhood On Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescence." Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 12, 2016.
    Wu X, Ohinmaa A, Veugelers PJ. The Influence of Health Behaviours in Childhood on Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescence. Nutrients. 2016;8(12).
    Wu, X., Ohinmaa, A., & Veugelers, P. J. (2016). The Influence of Health Behaviours in Childhood on Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescence. Nutrients, 8(12).
    Wu X, Ohinmaa A, Veugelers PJ. The Influence of Health Behaviours in Childhood On Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescence. Nutrients. 2016 Dec 2;8(12) PubMed PMID: 27918425.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - The Influence of Health Behaviours in Childhood on Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescence. AU - Wu,Xiuyun, AU - Ohinmaa,Arto, AU - Veugelers,Paul J, Y1 - 2016/12/02/ PY - 2016/09/30/received PY - 2016/11/14/revised PY - 2016/11/24/accepted PY - 2016/12/6/entrez PY - 2016/12/6/pubmed PY - 2017/4/4/medline KW - adolescents KW - attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder KW - children KW - diet quality KW - physical activity KW - sedentary behaviour JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 8 IS - 12 N2 - Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is a global public health burden. Identification of health-related behavioral risk factors including diet quality and physical and sedentary activities for ADHD is important for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies to improve mental health. This study aimed to examine the association of diet quality, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in childhood with ADHD throughout adolescence. We linked data from grade five students aged primarily 10 and 11 years old who participated in a population-based lifestyle survey in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia with their administrative health care data. We applied negative binomial regression methods to examine the associations between health behaviours and ADHD. Of the 4875 students, 9.7% had one or more diagnoses of ADHD between the ages of 10/11 and 18 years. The number of primary diagnoses with ADHD was statistically significantly lower among students with better diet quality, higher levels of physical activity, and those that spent less time playing computers and video games (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that health promotion programs aiming to improve children's diets and active lifestyles may also reduce the public health burden of ADHD. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27918425/full_citation L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu8120788 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -