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Asthma and other allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in Najran: the need for a comprehensive intervention program.
Ann Saudi Med 2016 Nov-Dec; 36(6):379-385AS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In the last three decades, an increasing incidence of allergic diseases has been associated with increasing morbidity and mortality in children and young adults.

OBJECTIVES

The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in the southwestern Saudi region of Najran, and to determine the sensitization of patients to a set of allergens.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional observational study.

SETTING

Primary, intermediate and secondary schools, Najran, Saudi Arabia.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

All participants completed the Arabic version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Skin prick tests (SPT) were performed, using a panel of standardized allergenic extracts.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S)

Prevalence and risk factors associated with pediatric allergic diseases.

RESULTS

The study included 1700 Saudi schoolchildren. The overall prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis was 27.5%, 6.3% and 12.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.27), fast food consumption (aOR, 1.53), trucks passing near houses (aOR, 1.86), and having a dog or cat at home (aOR, 1.85) were significant risk factors. A total of 722 (42.5%) children had a positive SPT result to at least one allergen. The most prevalent allergens were grass pollens (60%), cat fur (41.6%), and house dust mites (25%).

CONCLUSIONS

The findings of this study highlight the urgent need for developing an effective interven- tion program including several components working in harmony to control and reduce the burden of allergic diseases.

LIMITATIONS

These results may not be generalizable to the rest of Saudi Arabia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Prof. Jobran Miree Alqahtani, Department of Pediatrics,, Najran University,, Najran 61411,, Saudi Arabia, T: +9665428000,, F: +9665428333, jobranm@hotmail.com, ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3198-7576.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27920408

Citation

Alqahtani, Jobran M.. "Asthma and Other Allergic Diseases Among Saudi Schoolchildren in Najran: the Need for a Comprehensive Intervention Program." Annals of Saudi Medicine, vol. 36, no. 6, 2016, pp. 379-385.
Alqahtani JM. Asthma and other allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in Najran: the need for a comprehensive intervention program. Ann Saudi Med. 2016;36(6):379-385.
Alqahtani, J. M. (2016). Asthma and other allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in Najran: the need for a comprehensive intervention program. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 36(6), pp. 379-385.
Alqahtani JM. Asthma and Other Allergic Diseases Among Saudi Schoolchildren in Najran: the Need for a Comprehensive Intervention Program. Ann Saudi Med. 2016;36(6):379-385. PubMed PMID: 27920408.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Asthma and other allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in Najran: the need for a comprehensive intervention program. A1 - Alqahtani,Jobran M, PY - 2016/12/7/entrez PY - 2016/12/7/pubmed PY - 2017/3/3/medline SP - 379 EP - 385 JF - Annals of Saudi medicine JO - Ann Saudi Med VL - 36 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, an increasing incidence of allergic diseases has been associated with increasing morbidity and mortality in children and young adults. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in the southwestern Saudi region of Najran, and to determine the sensitization of patients to a set of allergens. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Primary, intermediate and secondary schools, Najran, Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All participants completed the Arabic version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Skin prick tests (SPT) were performed, using a panel of standardized allergenic extracts. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Prevalence and risk factors associated with pediatric allergic diseases. RESULTS: The study included 1700 Saudi schoolchildren. The overall prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis was 27.5%, 6.3% and 12.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.27), fast food consumption (aOR, 1.53), trucks passing near houses (aOR, 1.86), and having a dog or cat at home (aOR, 1.85) were significant risk factors. A total of 722 (42.5%) children had a positive SPT result to at least one allergen. The most prevalent allergens were grass pollens (60%), cat fur (41.6%), and house dust mites (25%). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study highlight the urgent need for developing an effective interven- tion program including several components working in harmony to control and reduce the burden of allergic diseases. LIMITATIONS: These results may not be generalizable to the rest of Saudi Arabia. SN - 0975-4466 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27920408/Asthma_and_other_allergic_diseases_among_Saudi_schoolchildren_in_Najran:_the_need_for_a_comprehensive_intervention_program_ L2 - https://www.annsaudimed.net/doi/full/10.5144/0256-4947.2016.379?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -