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Occurrence of pesticide residues in fruiting vegetables from production farms in south-eastern region of Poland
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2016; 67(4):359-365.RP

Abstract

Background

Considering the fact that pesticides are commonly used in agriculture, continuous monitoring of these substances in food products is of great significance. Residues of these substances can be present in crops after harvest.

Objective

The aim of this study was to evaluate presence of pesticide residues in fruiting vegetables from production farms in south-eastern region of Poland in 2012–2015.

Material and methods

138 samples were tested using accredited test methods. The monitoring programme covered determination of 242 pesticides. The tests covered tomato, cucumber and pepper crops. The test results were interpreted in accordance with criteria included in the European Commission recommendations published in the document SANCO/12571/2013 (now superseded by Document SANTE 2015), as well as on a basis of the maximum residue levels in force in the EU Member States.

Results

Pesticide residues were found in 47 samples, representing 34% of all tested samples. 17 active substances were found, belonging to fungicides and insecticides. Azoxystrobin (38%), boscalid (28%) and chlorothalonil (21%) were most commonly found in fruiting vegetables testing samples. Non-compliances related to use of plant protection product not authorized for protection of a given crop were observed in 6% of analysed samples. However, pesticide residues of fruiting vegetables in quantities that exceed the maximum residue levels (NDP, ang. MRLs), as well as substances which use for plant protection is forbidden were no found.

Conclusions

Crops monitoring is used to determine to what extent such products are contaminated with pesticide residues, and ensures protection of customer health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Analysis, PolandInstitute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Analysis, PolandInstitute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Analysis, PolandInstitute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Analysis, PolandInstitute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, Laboratory of Pesticide Residue Analysis, Poland

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27925705

Citation

Słowik-Borowiec, Magdalena, et al. "Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Fruiting Vegetables From Production Farms in South-eastern Region of Poland." Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, vol. 67, no. 4, 2016, pp. 359-365.
Słowik-Borowiec M, Szpyrka E, Rupar J, et al. Occurrence of pesticide residues in fruiting vegetables from production farms in south-eastern region of Poland. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2016;67(4):359-365.
Słowik-Borowiec, M., Szpyrka, E., Rupar, J., Podbielska, M., & Matyaszek, A. (2016). Occurrence of pesticide residues in fruiting vegetables from production farms in south-eastern region of Poland. Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, 67(4), 359-365.
Słowik-Borowiec M, et al. Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Fruiting Vegetables From Production Farms in South-eastern Region of Poland. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2016;67(4):359-365. PubMed PMID: 27925705.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occurrence of pesticide residues in fruiting vegetables from production farms in south-eastern region of Poland AU - Słowik-Borowiec,Magdalena, AU - Szpyrka,Ewa, AU - Rupar,Julian, AU - Podbielska,Magdalena, AU - Matyaszek,Aneta, PY - 2016/12/8/pubmed PY - 2017/3/14/medline PY - 2016/12/8/entrez SP - 359 EP - 365 JF - Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny JO - Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig VL - 67 IS - 4 N2 - Background: Considering the fact that pesticides are commonly used in agriculture, continuous monitoring of these substances in food products is of great significance. Residues of these substances can be present in crops after harvest. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate presence of pesticide residues in fruiting vegetables from production farms in south-eastern region of Poland in 2012–2015. Material and methods: 138 samples were tested using accredited test methods. The monitoring programme covered determination of 242 pesticides. The tests covered tomato, cucumber and pepper crops. The test results were interpreted in accordance with criteria included in the European Commission recommendations published in the document SANCO/12571/2013 (now superseded by Document SANTE 2015), as well as on a basis of the maximum residue levels in force in the EU Member States. Results: Pesticide residues were found in 47 samples, representing 34% of all tested samples. 17 active substances were found, belonging to fungicides and insecticides. Azoxystrobin (38%), boscalid (28%) and chlorothalonil (21%) were most commonly found in fruiting vegetables testing samples. Non-compliances related to use of plant protection product not authorized for protection of a given crop were observed in 6% of analysed samples. However, pesticide residues of fruiting vegetables in quantities that exceed the maximum residue levels (NDP, ang. MRLs), as well as substances which use for plant protection is forbidden were no found. Conclusions: Crops monitoring is used to determine to what extent such products are contaminated with pesticide residues, and ensures protection of customer health. SN - 0035-7715 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27925705/Occurrence_of_pesticide_residues_in_fruiting_vegetables_from_production_farms_in_south_eastern_region_of_Poland L2 - http://wydawnictwa.pzh.gov.pl/roczniki_pzh/download-article?id=1151 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -