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Posttraumatic growth in pediatric intensive care personnel: Dependence on resilience and coping strategies.
Psychol Trauma. 2017 Jul; 9(4):407-415.PT

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Staff in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) are inherently exposed to potentially traumatic events. Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is the occurrence of positive changes after experiencing a traumatic event. This study aims (a) to evaluate the prevalence of PTG in PICU staff, and whether their scores are different from those reported by professionals working in other pediatric units, (b) to explore the role of resilience and coping strategies in predicting PTG, and (c) to explore the relation of demographic and work-related variables with PTG.

METHOD

Participants of this multicentric, cross sectional study were 298 PICU workers and 189 professionals working in noncritical pediatric units. They completed the Brief Resilience Scale, a Coping Strategies Questionnaire, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), and provided demographic and work-related information.

RESULTS

Of PICU staff, 68.8% experienced growth to a "great" or "very great" degree in at least one of the PTGI's dimensions. Higher PTG was reported following the death of a child or after a recent conflict with a work colleague. PICU workers and noncritical pediatric staff showed equivalent PTG levels. Multigroup path analysis with latent variables showed that emotion-focused coping was related to PTG only in PICU staff, whereas problem-focused coping was related to PTG in both groups. The relation between resilience and PTG was not significant.

CONCLUSIONS

Work-related trauma can act as a catalyst for positive posttrauma changes. Modifying coping strategies may be a way to foster PTG in health care providers. (PsycINFO Database Record

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biological and Health Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre.Department of Biological and Health Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Cruces, Barakaldo.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario La Paz.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital General Yagüe.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27929306

Citation

Rodríguez-Rey, Rocío, et al. "Posttraumatic Growth in Pediatric Intensive Care Personnel: Dependence On Resilience and Coping Strategies." Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy, vol. 9, no. 4, 2017, pp. 407-415.
Rodríguez-Rey R, Palacios A, Alonso-Tapia J, et al. Posttraumatic growth in pediatric intensive care personnel: Dependence on resilience and coping strategies. Psychol Trauma. 2017;9(4):407-415.
Rodríguez-Rey, R., Palacios, A., Alonso-Tapia, J., Pérez, E., Álvarez, E., Coca, A., Mencía, S., Marcos, A. M., Mayordomo-Colunga, J., Fernández, F., Gómez, F., Cruz, J., Barón, L., Calderón, R. M., & Belda, S. (2017). Posttraumatic growth in pediatric intensive care personnel: Dependence on resilience and coping strategies. Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy, 9(4), 407-415. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000211
Rodríguez-Rey R, et al. Posttraumatic Growth in Pediatric Intensive Care Personnel: Dependence On Resilience and Coping Strategies. Psychol Trauma. 2017;9(4):407-415. PubMed PMID: 27929306.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Posttraumatic growth in pediatric intensive care personnel: Dependence on resilience and coping strategies. AU - Rodríguez-Rey,Rocío, AU - Palacios,Alba, AU - Alonso-Tapia,Jesús, AU - Pérez,Elena, AU - Álvarez,Elena, AU - Coca,Ana, AU - Mencía,Santiago, AU - Marcos,Ana Maria, AU - Mayordomo-Colunga,Juan, AU - Fernández,Francisco, AU - Gómez,Fernando, AU - Cruz,Jaime, AU - Barón,Luisa, AU - Calderón,Rosa María, AU - Belda,Sylvia, Y1 - 2016/12/08/ PY - 2016/12/9/pubmed PY - 2018/4/10/medline PY - 2016/12/9/entrez SP - 407 EP - 415 JF - Psychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy JO - Psychol Trauma VL - 9 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Staff in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) are inherently exposed to potentially traumatic events. Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is the occurrence of positive changes after experiencing a traumatic event. This study aims (a) to evaluate the prevalence of PTG in PICU staff, and whether their scores are different from those reported by professionals working in other pediatric units, (b) to explore the role of resilience and coping strategies in predicting PTG, and (c) to explore the relation of demographic and work-related variables with PTG. METHOD: Participants of this multicentric, cross sectional study were 298 PICU workers and 189 professionals working in noncritical pediatric units. They completed the Brief Resilience Scale, a Coping Strategies Questionnaire, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), and provided demographic and work-related information. RESULTS: Of PICU staff, 68.8% experienced growth to a "great" or "very great" degree in at least one of the PTGI's dimensions. Higher PTG was reported following the death of a child or after a recent conflict with a work colleague. PICU workers and noncritical pediatric staff showed equivalent PTG levels. Multigroup path analysis with latent variables showed that emotion-focused coping was related to PTG only in PICU staff, whereas problem-focused coping was related to PTG in both groups. The relation between resilience and PTG was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Work-related trauma can act as a catalyst for positive posttrauma changes. Modifying coping strategies may be a way to foster PTG in health care providers. (PsycINFO Database Record SN - 1942-969X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27929306/Posttraumatic_growth_in_pediatric_intensive_care_personnel:_Dependence_on_resilience_and_coping_strategies_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/tra/9/4/407 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -