miR-146a Inhibits Proliferation and Enhances Chemosensitivity in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer via Reduction of SOD2.Oncol Res. 2016 May; 23(6):275-282.OR
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecological malignancy, accounting for 90% of all ovarian cancer. Dysregulation of miRNAs is associated with several types of EOC. In the current research, we aimed to study the role of abnormal expression of miR-146a in the development of EOC and to elucidate the possible molecular mechanisms. Compared with control samples, mRNA expression of miR-146a was significantly decreased in EOC tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-146a prohibited cell proliferation, enhanced apoptosis, and increased sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs in EOC cells. In contrast, downregulation of miR-146a promoted cell proliferation, suppressed apoptosis, and decreased sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs in EOC cells. Overexpression of miR-146a increased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and decreased SOD2 mRNA and protein expression. Downregulation of miR-146a increased SOD2 mRNA and protein expression. Overexpression of SOD2 significantly inhibited miR-146a mimics-induced suppression of cell proliferation and the increase of apoptosis and chemosensitivity. In conclusion, we identify miR-146a as a potential tumor suppressor in patients with EOC. miR-146a downregulates the expression of SOD2 and enhances ROS generation, leading to increased apoptosis, inhibition of proliferation, and enhanced sensitivity to chemotherapy. The data demonstrate that the miR-146a/SOD2/ROS pathway may serve as a novel therapeutic target and prognostic marker in patients with EOC.