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Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Magnetic Properties, and Theoretical Investigation of a New Series of NiII-LnIII-WV Heterotrimetallics: Understanding the SMM Behavior of Mixed Polynuclear Complexes.
Inorg Chem. 2016 Dec 05; 55(23):12158-12171.IC

Abstract

The polynuclear compounds containing anisotropic metal ions often exhibit efficient barriers for blocking of magnetization at fairly arbitrary geometries. However, at variance with mononuclear complexes, which usually become single-molecule magnets (SMM) under the sole requirement of a highly axial crystal field at the metal ion, the factors influencing the SMM behavior in polynuclear complexes, especially, with weakly axial magnetic ions, still remain largely unrevealed. As an attempt to clarify these conditions, we present here the synthesis, crystal structures, magnetic behavior, and ab initio calculations for a new series of NiII-LnIII-WV trimetallics, [(CN)7W(CN)Ni(H2O)(valpn)Ln(H2O)4]·H2O (Ln = Y 1, Eu 2, Gd 3, Tb 4, Dy 5, Lu 6). The surprising finding is the absence of the magnetic blockage even for compounds involving strongly anisotropic DyIII and TbIII metal ions. This is well explained by ab initio calculations showing relatively large transversal components of the g-tensor in the ground exchange Kramers doublets of 1 and 4 and large intrinsic tunneling gaps in the ground exchange doublets of 3 and 5. In order to get more insight into this behavior, another series of earlier reported compounds with the same trinuclear [WVNiIILnIII] core structure, [(CN)7W(CN)Ni(dmf)(valdmpn)Ln(dmf)4]·H2O (Ln = GdIII 7, TbIII 8a, DyIII 9, HoIII 10), [(CN)7W(CN)Ni(H2O)(valdmpn)Tb(dmf)2.5(H2O)1.5]·H2O·0.5dmf 8b, and [(CN)7W(CN)Ni(H2O)(valdmpn)Er(dmf)3(H2O)1]·H2O·0.5dmf 11, has been also investigated theoretically. In this series, only 8b exhibits SMM behavior which is confirmed by the present ab initio calculations. An important feature for the entire series is the strong ferromagnetic coupling between Ni(II) and W(V), which is due to an almost perfect trigonal dodecahedron geometry of the octacyano wolframate fragment. The reason why only 8b is an SMM is explained by positive zero-field splitting on the nickel site, precluding magnetization blocking in complexes with fewer axial Ln ions. Further analysis has shown that, in the absence of ZFS on Ni ion, all compounds in the two series (except those containing Y and Gd) would be SMMs. The same situation arises for perfectly axial ZFS on Ni(II) with the main anisotropy axis parallel to the main magnetic axis of Ln(III) ions. In all other cases the ZFS on Ni(II) will worsen the SMM properties. The general conclusion is that the design of efficient SMMs on the basis of such complexes should involve isotropic or weekly anisotropic metal ions, such as Mn(II), Fe(III), etc., along with strongly axial lanthanides.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Theory of Nanomaterials Group, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Celestijnenlaan 200F, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium.Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest , Strada Dumbrava Rosie 23, 020464 Bucharest Romania.Theory of Nanomaterials Group, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Celestijnenlaan 200F, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium. Theoretical Chemistry, Lund University , Getingevagen 60, 22241, Lund, Sweden.Theory of Nanomaterials Group, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Celestijnenlaan 200F, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium. Novosibirsk State University , Pirogova 2, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia.Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest , Strada Dumbrava Rosie 23, 020464 Bucharest Romania.LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination), CNRS , 205, route de Narbonne, F-31077 Toulouse, France. UPS, INPT, LCC, Université de Toulouse , F-31077 Toulouse, France.LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination), CNRS , 205, route de Narbonne, F-31077 Toulouse, France. UPS, INPT, LCC, Université de Toulouse , F-31077 Toulouse, France.Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest , Strada Dumbrava Rosie 23, 020464 Bucharest Romania.Theory of Nanomaterials Group, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , Celestijnenlaan 200F, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27934418

Citation

Vieru, Veacheslav, et al. "Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Magnetic Properties, and Theoretical Investigation of a New Series of NiII-LnIII-WV Heterotrimetallics: Understanding the SMM Behavior of Mixed Polynuclear Complexes." Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 55, no. 23, 2016, pp. 12158-12171.
Vieru V, Pasatoiu TD, Ungur L, et al. Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Magnetic Properties, and Theoretical Investigation of a New Series of NiII-LnIII-WV Heterotrimetallics: Understanding the SMM Behavior of Mixed Polynuclear Complexes. Inorg Chem. 2016;55(23):12158-12171.
Vieru, V., Pasatoiu, T. D., Ungur, L., Suturina, E., Madalan, A. M., Duhayon, C., Sutter, J. P., Andruh, M., & Chibotaru, L. F. (2016). Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Magnetic Properties, and Theoretical Investigation of a New Series of NiII-LnIII-WV Heterotrimetallics: Understanding the SMM Behavior of Mixed Polynuclear Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry, 55(23), 12158-12171.
Vieru V, et al. Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Magnetic Properties, and Theoretical Investigation of a New Series of NiII-LnIII-WV Heterotrimetallics: Understanding the SMM Behavior of Mixed Polynuclear Complexes. Inorg Chem. 2016 Dec 5;55(23):12158-12171. PubMed PMID: 27934418.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Magnetic Properties, and Theoretical Investigation of a New Series of NiII-LnIII-WV Heterotrimetallics: Understanding the SMM Behavior of Mixed Polynuclear Complexes. AU - Vieru,Veacheslav, AU - Pasatoiu,Traian D, AU - Ungur,Liviu, AU - Suturina,Elizaveta, AU - Madalan,Augustin M, AU - Duhayon,Carine, AU - Sutter,Jean-Pascal, AU - Andruh,Marius, AU - Chibotaru,Liviu F, Y1 - 2016/11/18/ PY - 2016/12/10/entrez PY - 2016/12/10/pubmed PY - 2016/12/10/medline SP - 12158 EP - 12171 JF - Inorganic chemistry JO - Inorg Chem VL - 55 IS - 23 N2 - The polynuclear compounds containing anisotropic metal ions often exhibit efficient barriers for blocking of magnetization at fairly arbitrary geometries. However, at variance with mononuclear complexes, which usually become single-molecule magnets (SMM) under the sole requirement of a highly axial crystal field at the metal ion, the factors influencing the SMM behavior in polynuclear complexes, especially, with weakly axial magnetic ions, still remain largely unrevealed. As an attempt to clarify these conditions, we present here the synthesis, crystal structures, magnetic behavior, and ab initio calculations for a new series of NiII-LnIII-WV trimetallics, [(CN)7W(CN)Ni(H2O)(valpn)Ln(H2O)4]·H2O (Ln = Y 1, Eu 2, Gd 3, Tb 4, Dy 5, Lu 6). The surprising finding is the absence of the magnetic blockage even for compounds involving strongly anisotropic DyIII and TbIII metal ions. This is well explained by ab initio calculations showing relatively large transversal components of the g-tensor in the ground exchange Kramers doublets of 1 and 4 and large intrinsic tunneling gaps in the ground exchange doublets of 3 and 5. In order to get more insight into this behavior, another series of earlier reported compounds with the same trinuclear [WVNiIILnIII] core structure, [(CN)7W(CN)Ni(dmf)(valdmpn)Ln(dmf)4]·H2O (Ln = GdIII 7, TbIII 8a, DyIII 9, HoIII 10), [(CN)7W(CN)Ni(H2O)(valdmpn)Tb(dmf)2.5(H2O)1.5]·H2O·0.5dmf 8b, and [(CN)7W(CN)Ni(H2O)(valdmpn)Er(dmf)3(H2O)1]·H2O·0.5dmf 11, has been also investigated theoretically. In this series, only 8b exhibits SMM behavior which is confirmed by the present ab initio calculations. An important feature for the entire series is the strong ferromagnetic coupling between Ni(II) and W(V), which is due to an almost perfect trigonal dodecahedron geometry of the octacyano wolframate fragment. The reason why only 8b is an SMM is explained by positive zero-field splitting on the nickel site, precluding magnetization blocking in complexes with fewer axial Ln ions. Further analysis has shown that, in the absence of ZFS on Ni ion, all compounds in the two series (except those containing Y and Gd) would be SMMs. The same situation arises for perfectly axial ZFS on Ni(II) with the main anisotropy axis parallel to the main magnetic axis of Ln(III) ions. In all other cases the ZFS on Ni(II) will worsen the SMM properties. The general conclusion is that the design of efficient SMMs on the basis of such complexes should involve isotropic or weekly anisotropic metal ions, such as Mn(II), Fe(III), etc., along with strongly axial lanthanides. SN - 1520-510X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27934418/Synthesis_Crystal_Structures_Magnetic_Properties_and_Theoretical_Investigation_of_a_New_Series_of_NiII_LnIII_WV_Heterotrimetallics:_Understanding_the_SMM_Behavior_of_Mixed_Polynuclear_Complexes_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01669 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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