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An assessment of domain-general metacognitive responding in rhesus monkeys.
Behav Processes. 2017 Feb; 135:132-144.BP

Abstract

Metacognition is the ability to monitor and control one's cognition. Monitoring may involve either public cues or introspection of private cognitive states. We tested rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in a series of generalization tests to determine which type of cues control metacognition. In Experiment 1, monkeys learned a perceptual discrimination in which a "decline-test" response allowed them to avoid tests and receive a guaranteed small reward. Monkeys declined more difficult than easy tests. In Experiments 2-4, we evaluated whether monkeys generalized this metacognitive responding to new perceptual tests. Monkeys showed a trend toward generalization in Experiments 2 & 3, and reliable generalization in Experiment 4. In Experiments 5 & 6, we presented the decline-test response in a delayed matching-to-sample task. Memory tests differed from perceptual tests in that the appearance of the test display could not control metacognitive responding. In Experiment 6, monkeys made prospective metamemory judgments before seeing the tests. Generalization across perceptual tests with different visual properties and mixed generalization from perceptual to memory tests provide provisional evidence that domain-general, private cues controlled metacognition in some monkeys. We observed individual differences in generalization, suggesting that monkeys differ in use of public and private metacognitive cues.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology and Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 201 Downman Dr., Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Electronic address: emily.brown@emory.edu.Providence College, 1 Cunningham Sq., Providence, RI 02918, USA.Department of Psychology and Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 201 Downman Dr., Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27939856

Citation

Brown, Emily Kathryn, et al. "An Assessment of Domain-general Metacognitive Responding in Rhesus Monkeys." Behavioural Processes, vol. 135, 2017, pp. 132-144.
Brown EK, Templer VL, Hampton RR. An assessment of domain-general metacognitive responding in rhesus monkeys. Behav Processes. 2017;135:132-144.
Brown, E. K., Templer, V. L., & Hampton, R. R. (2017). An assessment of domain-general metacognitive responding in rhesus monkeys. Behavioural Processes, 135, 132-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2016.12.004
Brown EK, Templer VL, Hampton RR. An Assessment of Domain-general Metacognitive Responding in Rhesus Monkeys. Behav Processes. 2017;135:132-144. PubMed PMID: 27939856.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An assessment of domain-general metacognitive responding in rhesus monkeys. AU - Brown,Emily Kathryn, AU - Templer,Victoria L, AU - Hampton,Robert R, Y1 - 2016/12/08/ PY - 2016/06/17/received PY - 2016/10/25/revised PY - 2016/12/07/accepted PY - 2016/12/13/pubmed PY - 2017/2/14/medline PY - 2016/12/13/entrez KW - Cognitive control KW - Metacognition KW - Monitoring KW - Uncertainty SP - 132 EP - 144 JF - Behavioural processes JO - Behav Processes VL - 135 N2 - Metacognition is the ability to monitor and control one's cognition. Monitoring may involve either public cues or introspection of private cognitive states. We tested rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in a series of generalization tests to determine which type of cues control metacognition. In Experiment 1, monkeys learned a perceptual discrimination in which a "decline-test" response allowed them to avoid tests and receive a guaranteed small reward. Monkeys declined more difficult than easy tests. In Experiments 2-4, we evaluated whether monkeys generalized this metacognitive responding to new perceptual tests. Monkeys showed a trend toward generalization in Experiments 2 & 3, and reliable generalization in Experiment 4. In Experiments 5 & 6, we presented the decline-test response in a delayed matching-to-sample task. Memory tests differed from perceptual tests in that the appearance of the test display could not control metacognitive responding. In Experiment 6, monkeys made prospective metamemory judgments before seeing the tests. Generalization across perceptual tests with different visual properties and mixed generalization from perceptual to memory tests provide provisional evidence that domain-general, private cues controlled metacognition in some monkeys. We observed individual differences in generalization, suggesting that monkeys differ in use of public and private metacognitive cues. SN - 1872-8308 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27939856/An_assessment_of_domain_general_metacognitive_responding_in_rhesus_monkeys_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -