Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Predicting dietary intake among children classified as overweight or at risk for overweight: Independent and interactive effects of parenting practices and styles.
Appetite. 2017 03 01; 110:72-79.A

Abstract

Using baseline data from a randomized controlled pediatric obesity prevention trial, this study sought to examine general parenting style as a potential moderator of the association between feeding-specific parenting practices and child dietary intake. Four hundred and twenty-one parent-child dyads served as participants (49% girls and 93% mothers). Children were, on average, 6.6 years old and either overweight or at-risk for overweight (mean BMI percentile = 84.9). Data were collected in participants' homes. Study staff measured children's height and weight. Parents completed questionnaires designed to assess general parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian and permissive) and child feeding practices (restriction and monitoring). Child dietary intake was assessed using a 24-h recall system. Outcomes were daily servings of fruits and vegetables, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), and unhealthy snacks. Results were as follows: Permissive parenting was inversely associated with fruit and vegetable consumption, and parental monitoring was inversely associated with SSB consumption. There were no other main effects of parenting style or feeding practice on child dietary consumption. Authoritarian parenting moderated the association between restriction and SSB intake (a marginally significant effect after correcting for multiple comparisons). Restriction was inversely associated with SSB consumption when authoritarianism was high but unassociated with SSB consumption when authoritarianism was low. Findings indicate that the parenting practice of monitoring child dietary intake was associated with more healthful consumption regardless of parenting style; interventions may thus benefit from encouraging parental monitoring. The parenting strategy of restricting child dietary intake, in contrast, was associated with lower SSB intake in the context of higher parental authoritarianism but inconsequential in the context of lower parental authoritarianism. This exploratory finding warrants further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA. Electronic address: shelby.langer@asu.edu.HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Bloomington, MN 55425, USA.HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Bloomington, MN 55425, USA.HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Bloomington, MN 55425, USA.School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27940314

Citation

Langer, Shelby L., et al. "Predicting Dietary Intake Among Children Classified as Overweight or at Risk for Overweight: Independent and Interactive Effects of Parenting Practices and Styles." Appetite, vol. 110, 2017, pp. 72-79.
Langer SL, Seburg E, JaKa MM, et al. Predicting dietary intake among children classified as overweight or at risk for overweight: Independent and interactive effects of parenting practices and styles. Appetite. 2017;110:72-79.
Langer, S. L., Seburg, E., JaKa, M. M., Sherwood, N. E., & Levy, R. L. (2017). Predicting dietary intake among children classified as overweight or at risk for overweight: Independent and interactive effects of parenting practices and styles. Appetite, 110, 72-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.12.011
Langer SL, et al. Predicting Dietary Intake Among Children Classified as Overweight or at Risk for Overweight: Independent and Interactive Effects of Parenting Practices and Styles. Appetite. 2017 03 1;110:72-79. PubMed PMID: 27940314.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predicting dietary intake among children classified as overweight or at risk for overweight: Independent and interactive effects of parenting practices and styles. AU - Langer,Shelby L, AU - Seburg,Elisabeth, AU - JaKa,Meghan M, AU - Sherwood,Nancy E, AU - Levy,Rona L, Y1 - 2016/12/08/ PY - 2016/05/23/received PY - 2016/12/01/revised PY - 2016/12/06/accepted PY - 2016/12/13/pubmed PY - 2018/1/3/medline PY - 2016/12/13/entrez KW - Children KW - Obesity KW - Parenting style KW - Restrictive feeding KW - Sugar-sweetened beverages SP - 72 EP - 79 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 110 N2 - Using baseline data from a randomized controlled pediatric obesity prevention trial, this study sought to examine general parenting style as a potential moderator of the association between feeding-specific parenting practices and child dietary intake. Four hundred and twenty-one parent-child dyads served as participants (49% girls and 93% mothers). Children were, on average, 6.6 years old and either overweight or at-risk for overweight (mean BMI percentile = 84.9). Data were collected in participants' homes. Study staff measured children's height and weight. Parents completed questionnaires designed to assess general parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian and permissive) and child feeding practices (restriction and monitoring). Child dietary intake was assessed using a 24-h recall system. Outcomes were daily servings of fruits and vegetables, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), and unhealthy snacks. Results were as follows: Permissive parenting was inversely associated with fruit and vegetable consumption, and parental monitoring was inversely associated with SSB consumption. There were no other main effects of parenting style or feeding practice on child dietary consumption. Authoritarian parenting moderated the association between restriction and SSB intake (a marginally significant effect after correcting for multiple comparisons). Restriction was inversely associated with SSB consumption when authoritarianism was high but unassociated with SSB consumption when authoritarianism was low. Findings indicate that the parenting practice of monitoring child dietary intake was associated with more healthful consumption regardless of parenting style; interventions may thus benefit from encouraging parental monitoring. The parenting strategy of restricting child dietary intake, in contrast, was associated with lower SSB intake in the context of higher parental authoritarianism but inconsequential in the context of lower parental authoritarianism. This exploratory finding warrants further investigation. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27940314/Predicting_dietary_intake_among_children_classified_as_overweight_or_at_risk_for_overweight:_Independent_and_interactive_effects_of_parenting_practices_and_styles_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(16)30903-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -