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Social anxiety and suicidal ideation: Test of the utility of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide.
J Anxiety Disord. 2017 01; 45:60-63.JA

Abstract

Social anxiety is related to greater suicidality, even after controlling for depression and other psychopathology. The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS; Joiner, 2005) proposes that people are vulnerable to wanting to die by suicide if they experience both perceived burdensomeness (sense that one is a burden to others) and thwarted belongingness (a greater sense of alienation from others). Socially anxious persons may be especially vulnerable to these interpersonal factors. The current study tested whether interpersonal IPTS components independently and additively mediate the social anxiety-suicidal ideation (SI) relation among 780 (80.5% female) undergraduates. Social anxiety was significantly, robustly related to SI and to thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness. Social anxiety was indirectly related to SI via thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness. The sum of these indirect effects was significant. Moderated mediation analyses indicated that perceived burdensomeness only mediated the relation between social anxiety and SI at higher levels of thwarted belongingness. Findings highlight that difficulties in interpersonal functioning may serve as potential pathways through which social anxiety may lead to greater suicidality. Findings highlight that difficulties in interpersonal functioning may serve as potential pathways through which social anxiety may lead to greater suicidality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. Electronic address: jbuckner@lsu.edu.Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. Electronic address: alemke2@lsu.edu.Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. Electronic address: Emily.jeffries.7@gmail.com.Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. Electronic address: sonia116@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27940416

Citation

Buckner, Julia D., et al. "Social Anxiety and Suicidal Ideation: Test of the Utility of the Interpersonal-psychological Theory of Suicide." Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 45, 2017, pp. 60-63.
Buckner JD, Lemke AW, Jeffries ER, et al. Social anxiety and suicidal ideation: Test of the utility of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide. J Anxiety Disord. 2017;45:60-63.
Buckner, J. D., Lemke, A. W., Jeffries, E. R., & Shah, S. M. (2017). Social anxiety and suicidal ideation: Test of the utility of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 45, 60-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.11.010
Buckner JD, et al. Social Anxiety and Suicidal Ideation: Test of the Utility of the Interpersonal-psychological Theory of Suicide. J Anxiety Disord. 2017;45:60-63. PubMed PMID: 27940416.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Social anxiety and suicidal ideation: Test of the utility of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide. AU - Buckner,Julia D, AU - Lemke,Austin W, AU - Jeffries,Emily R, AU - Shah,Sonia M, Y1 - 2016/12/02/ PY - 2016/06/27/received PY - 2016/11/07/revised PY - 2016/11/24/accepted PY - 2016/12/13/pubmed PY - 2017/9/28/medline PY - 2016/12/13/entrez KW - Interpersonal theory of suicide KW - Perceived burdensomeness KW - Social anxiety KW - Suicidal ideation KW - Suicide risk KW - Thwarted belongingness SP - 60 EP - 63 JF - Journal of anxiety disorders JO - J Anxiety Disord VL - 45 N2 - Social anxiety is related to greater suicidality, even after controlling for depression and other psychopathology. The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS; Joiner, 2005) proposes that people are vulnerable to wanting to die by suicide if they experience both perceived burdensomeness (sense that one is a burden to others) and thwarted belongingness (a greater sense of alienation from others). Socially anxious persons may be especially vulnerable to these interpersonal factors. The current study tested whether interpersonal IPTS components independently and additively mediate the social anxiety-suicidal ideation (SI) relation among 780 (80.5% female) undergraduates. Social anxiety was significantly, robustly related to SI and to thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness. Social anxiety was indirectly related to SI via thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness. The sum of these indirect effects was significant. Moderated mediation analyses indicated that perceived burdensomeness only mediated the relation between social anxiety and SI at higher levels of thwarted belongingness. Findings highlight that difficulties in interpersonal functioning may serve as potential pathways through which social anxiety may lead to greater suicidality. Findings highlight that difficulties in interpersonal functioning may serve as potential pathways through which social anxiety may lead to greater suicidality. SN - 1873-7897 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27940416/Social_anxiety_and_suicidal_ideation:_Test_of_the_utility_of_the_interpersonal_psychological_theory_of_suicide_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0887-6185(16)30119-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -