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Prevalence and distribution of selected dental anomalies among saudi children in Abha, Saudi Arabia.
J Clin Exp Dent. 2016 Dec; 8(5):e485-e490.JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Dental anomalies are not an unusual finding in routine dental examination. The effect of dental anomalies can lead to functional, esthetic and occlusal problems. The Purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of selected developmental dental anomalies in Saudi children.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The study was based on clinical examination and Panoramic radiographs of children who visited the Pediatric dentistry clinics at King Khalid University College of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia. These patients were examined for dental anomalies in size, shape, number, structure and position. Data collected were entered and analyzed using statistical package for social sciences version.

RESULTS

Of the 1252 children (638 Boys, 614 girls) examined, 318 subjects (25.39%) presented with selected dental anomalies. The distribution by gender was 175 boys (27.42%) and 143 girls (23.28%). On intergroup comparison, number anomalies was the most common anomaly with Hypodontia (9.7%) being the most common anomaly in Saudi children, followed by hyperdontia (3.5%). The Prevalence of size anomalies were Microdontia (2.6%) and Macrodontia (1.8%). The prevalence of Shape anomalies were Talon cusp (1.4%), Taurodontism (1.4%), Fusion (0.8%).The prevalence of Positional anomalies were Ectopic eruption (2.3%) and Rotation (0.4%). The prevalence of structural anomalies were Amelogenesis imperfecta (0.3%) Dentinogenesis imperfecta (0.1%).

CONCLUSIONS

A significant number of children had dental anomaly with Hypodontia being the most common anomaly and Dentinogenesis imperfecta being the rare anomaly in the study. Early detection and management of these anomalies can avoid potential orthodontic and esthetic problems in a child. Key words:Dental anomalies, children, Saudi Arabia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Assistant Professor, Division of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27957258

Citation

Yassin, Syed M.. "Prevalence and Distribution of Selected Dental Anomalies Among Saudi Children in Abha, Saudi Arabia." Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, vol. 8, no. 5, 2016, pp. e485-e490.
Yassin SM. Prevalence and distribution of selected dental anomalies among saudi children in Abha, Saudi Arabia. J Clin Exp Dent. 2016;8(5):e485-e490.
Yassin, S. M. (2016). Prevalence and distribution of selected dental anomalies among saudi children in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 8(5), e485-e490.
Yassin SM. Prevalence and Distribution of Selected Dental Anomalies Among Saudi Children in Abha, Saudi Arabia. J Clin Exp Dent. 2016;8(5):e485-e490. PubMed PMID: 27957258.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and distribution of selected dental anomalies among saudi children in Abha, Saudi Arabia. A1 - Yassin,Syed M, Y1 - 2016/12/01/ PY - 2015/11/25/received PY - 2016/05/22/accepted PY - 2016/12/14/entrez PY - 2016/12/14/pubmed PY - 2016/12/14/medline SP - e485 EP - e490 JF - Journal of clinical and experimental dentistry JO - J Clin Exp Dent VL - 8 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Dental anomalies are not an unusual finding in routine dental examination. The effect of dental anomalies can lead to functional, esthetic and occlusal problems. The Purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of selected developmental dental anomalies in Saudi children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was based on clinical examination and Panoramic radiographs of children who visited the Pediatric dentistry clinics at King Khalid University College of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia. These patients were examined for dental anomalies in size, shape, number, structure and position. Data collected were entered and analyzed using statistical package for social sciences version. RESULTS: Of the 1252 children (638 Boys, 614 girls) examined, 318 subjects (25.39%) presented with selected dental anomalies. The distribution by gender was 175 boys (27.42%) and 143 girls (23.28%). On intergroup comparison, number anomalies was the most common anomaly with Hypodontia (9.7%) being the most common anomaly in Saudi children, followed by hyperdontia (3.5%). The Prevalence of size anomalies were Microdontia (2.6%) and Macrodontia (1.8%). The prevalence of Shape anomalies were Talon cusp (1.4%), Taurodontism (1.4%), Fusion (0.8%).The prevalence of Positional anomalies were Ectopic eruption (2.3%) and Rotation (0.4%). The prevalence of structural anomalies were Amelogenesis imperfecta (0.3%) Dentinogenesis imperfecta (0.1%). CONCLUSIONS: A significant number of children had dental anomaly with Hypodontia being the most common anomaly and Dentinogenesis imperfecta being the rare anomaly in the study. Early detection and management of these anomalies can avoid potential orthodontic and esthetic problems in a child. Key words:Dental anomalies, children, Saudi Arabia. SN - 1989-5488 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27957258/Prevalence_and_distribution_of_selected_dental_anomalies_among_saudi_children_in_Abha_Saudi_Arabia_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/27957258/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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