Synthesis of δ- and α-Carbolines via Nickel-Catalyzed [2 + 2 + 2] Cycloaddition of Functionalized Alkyne-Nitriles with Alkynes.Org Lett. 2017 01 06; 19(1):110-113.OL
A new method for the synthesis of δ- and α-carbolines through Ni-catalyzed [2 + 2 + 2] cycloaddition of ynamide-nitriles or alkyne-cyanamides with alkynes has been developed. The catalytic system of NiCl2(DME)/dppp/Zn with a low-cost Ni(II)-precursor was first utilized in Ni-catalyzed [2 + 2 + 2] cycloaddition reactions, and the in situ generated Lewis acid may play an important role for the successful transformation. Not only internal alkynes but also terminal alkynes undergo the desired cycloaddition reactions efficiently to furnish the carboline derivatives with wide diversity and functional group tolerance.