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Health System Advance Care Planning Culture Change for High-Risk Patients: The Promise and Challenges of Engaging Providers, Patients, and Families in Systematic Advance Care Planning.
J Palliat Med. 2017 04; 20(4):388-394.JP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The success of a facilitator-based model for advance care planning (ACP) in LaCrosse, Wisconsin, has inspired health systems to aim for widespread documentation of advance directives, but limited resources impair efforts to replicate this model. One promising strategy is the development of interactive, Internet-based tools that might increase access to individualized ACP at minimal cost. However, widespread adoption and implementation of Internet-based ACP efforts has yet to be described.

OBJECTIVE

We describe our early experiences in building a systematic, population-based ACP initiative focused on health system-wide deployment of an Internet-based tool as an adjunct to a facilitator-based model.

METHODS

With the sponsorship of our healthcare system's population health leadership, we engaged a diverse group of clinical stakeholders as champions to design an Internet-based ACP tool and facilitate local practice change. We describe how we simultaneously began to train clinicians in ACP conversations, engage patients and health system employees in thinking about ACP, redesign clinic workflows to accommodate ACP discussions, and integrate the Internet-based tool into the electronic medical record (EMR).

RESULTS

Over 18 months, our project engaged two subspecialty clinics in a systematic ACP process and began work with a large primary care practice with a large Medicare Accountable Care Organization at-risk population. Overall, 807 people registered at the Internet site and 85% completed ACPs.

CONCLUSION

We learned that changing culture and systems to promote ACP requires a comprehensive vision with simultaneous, interconnected strategies targeting patient education, clinician training, EMR documentation, and community awareness.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester, Massachusetts.2 Luminat , Minneapolis, Minnesota.1 University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester, Massachusetts.3 UMass Memorial Health Care , Worcester, Massachusetts.3 UMass Memorial Health Care , Worcester, Massachusetts.3 UMass Memorial Health Care , Worcester, Massachusetts.3 UMass Memorial Health Care , Worcester, Massachusetts.1 University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester, Massachusetts.1 University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester, Massachusetts.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27983894

Citation

Reidy, Jennifer, et al. "Health System Advance Care Planning Culture Change for High-Risk Patients: the Promise and Challenges of Engaging Providers, Patients, and Families in Systematic Advance Care Planning." Journal of Palliative Medicine, vol. 20, no. 4, 2017, pp. 388-394.
Reidy J, Halvorson J, Makowski S, et al. Health System Advance Care Planning Culture Change for High-Risk Patients: The Promise and Challenges of Engaging Providers, Patients, and Families in Systematic Advance Care Planning. J Palliat Med. 2017;20(4):388-394.
Reidy, J., Halvorson, J., Makowski, S., Katz, D., Weinstein, B., McCluskey, C., Doering, A., DeCarli, K., & Tjia, J. (2017). Health System Advance Care Planning Culture Change for High-Risk Patients: The Promise and Challenges of Engaging Providers, Patients, and Families in Systematic Advance Care Planning. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 20(4), 388-394. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2016.0272
Reidy J, et al. Health System Advance Care Planning Culture Change for High-Risk Patients: the Promise and Challenges of Engaging Providers, Patients, and Families in Systematic Advance Care Planning. J Palliat Med. 2017;20(4):388-394. PubMed PMID: 27983894.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Health System Advance Care Planning Culture Change for High-Risk Patients: The Promise and Challenges of Engaging Providers, Patients, and Families in Systematic Advance Care Planning. AU - Reidy,Jennifer, AU - Halvorson,Jennifer, AU - Makowski,Suzana, AU - Katz,Delila, AU - Weinstein,Barbara, AU - McCluskey,Christine, AU - Doering,Alex, AU - DeCarli,Kathryn, AU - Tjia,Jennifer, Y1 - 2016/12/16/ PY - 2016/12/17/pubmed PY - 2018/3/6/medline PY - 2016/12/17/entrez KW - advance directives KW - health services research KW - physician patient communication SP - 388 EP - 394 JF - Journal of palliative medicine JO - J Palliat Med VL - 20 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The success of a facilitator-based model for advance care planning (ACP) in LaCrosse, Wisconsin, has inspired health systems to aim for widespread documentation of advance directives, but limited resources impair efforts to replicate this model. One promising strategy is the development of interactive, Internet-based tools that might increase access to individualized ACP at minimal cost. However, widespread adoption and implementation of Internet-based ACP efforts has yet to be described. OBJECTIVE: We describe our early experiences in building a systematic, population-based ACP initiative focused on health system-wide deployment of an Internet-based tool as an adjunct to a facilitator-based model. METHODS: With the sponsorship of our healthcare system's population health leadership, we engaged a diverse group of clinical stakeholders as champions to design an Internet-based ACP tool and facilitate local practice change. We describe how we simultaneously began to train clinicians in ACP conversations, engage patients and health system employees in thinking about ACP, redesign clinic workflows to accommodate ACP discussions, and integrate the Internet-based tool into the electronic medical record (EMR). RESULTS: Over 18 months, our project engaged two subspecialty clinics in a systematic ACP process and began work with a large primary care practice with a large Medicare Accountable Care Organization at-risk population. Overall, 807 people registered at the Internet site and 85% completed ACPs. CONCLUSION: We learned that changing culture and systems to promote ACP requires a comprehensive vision with simultaneous, interconnected strategies targeting patient education, clinician training, EMR documentation, and community awareness. SN - 1557-7740 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27983894/Health_System_Advance_Care_Planning_Culture_Change_for_High_Risk_Patients:_The_Promise_and_Challenges_of_Engaging_Providers_Patients_and_Families_in_Systematic_Advance_Care_Planning_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/jpm.2016.0272?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -