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No Time for Family Meals? Parenting Practices Associated with Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Intake When Family Meals Are Not an Option.
J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017 May; 117(5):707-714.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Despite research linking family meals to healthier diets, some families are unable to have regular meals together. These families need guidance about other ways to promote healthy eating among adolescents.

OBJECTIVE

Our aim was to examine the association between various parenting practices and adolescent fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake at different levels of family meal frequency.

DESIGN

We conducted a cross-sectional, population-based survey of influences on adolescent weight-related behaviors using Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens) 2010.

PARTICIPANTS/SETTING

Participants were 2,491 adolescents recruited from middle/high schools in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN.

MEASURES

Adolescent F/V intake was ascertained with a food frequency questionnaire. Survey items assessed frequency of family meals and F/V parenting practices (availability, accessibility, parent modeling, parent encouragement, and family communication).

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Linear regression models were used to examine associations with and interactions among family meals and parenting practices. Models were adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and energy intake (kilocalories per day).

RESULTS

Family meals, F/V availability, F/V accessibility, F/V modeling, and encouragement to eat healthy foods were independently associated with higher F/V intake. Of the 949 (34%) adolescents who reported infrequent family meals (≤2 days/wk), mean F/V intake was 3.6 servings/day for those with high home F/V availability vs 3.0 servings/day for those with low home F/V availability. Similar differences in mean F/V intake (0.3 to 0.6 servings/day) were found for high vs low F/V accessibility, parental modeling, and parent encouragement for healthy eating. Frequent family meals in addition to more favorable parenting practices were associated with the highest F/V intakes.

CONCLUSIONS

Food parenting practices and family meals are associated with greater adolescent F/V intake. Longitudinal and intervention studies are needed to determine which combination of parenting practices will lead to improvements in adolescent diets.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27989447

Citation

Watts, Allison W., et al. "No Time for Family Meals? Parenting Practices Associated With Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Intake when Family Meals Are Not an Option." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 117, no. 5, 2017, pp. 707-714.
Watts AW, Loth K, Berge JM, et al. No Time for Family Meals? Parenting Practices Associated with Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Intake When Family Meals Are Not an Option. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017;117(5):707-714.
Watts, A. W., Loth, K., Berge, J. M., Larson, N., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2017). No Time for Family Meals? Parenting Practices Associated with Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Intake When Family Meals Are Not an Option. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 117(5), 707-714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2016.10.026
Watts AW, et al. No Time for Family Meals? Parenting Practices Associated With Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Intake when Family Meals Are Not an Option. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017;117(5):707-714. PubMed PMID: 27989447.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - No Time for Family Meals? Parenting Practices Associated with Adolescent Fruit and Vegetable Intake When Family Meals Are Not an Option. AU - Watts,Allison W, AU - Loth,Katie, AU - Berge,Jerica M, AU - Larson,Nicole, AU - Neumark-Sztainer,Dianne, Y1 - 2016/12/15/ PY - 2016/05/19/received PY - 2016/10/25/accepted PY - 2016/12/19/pubmed PY - 2017/7/7/medline PY - 2016/12/20/entrez KW - Adolescence KW - Family meals KW - Fruit and vegetable intake KW - Parenting practices SP - 707 EP - 714 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 117 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Despite research linking family meals to healthier diets, some families are unable to have regular meals together. These families need guidance about other ways to promote healthy eating among adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the association between various parenting practices and adolescent fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake at different levels of family meal frequency. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional, population-based survey of influences on adolescent weight-related behaviors using Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens) 2010. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Participants were 2,491 adolescents recruited from middle/high schools in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN. MEASURES: Adolescent F/V intake was ascertained with a food frequency questionnaire. Survey items assessed frequency of family meals and F/V parenting practices (availability, accessibility, parent modeling, parent encouragement, and family communication). STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Linear regression models were used to examine associations with and interactions among family meals and parenting practices. Models were adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and energy intake (kilocalories per day). RESULTS: Family meals, F/V availability, F/V accessibility, F/V modeling, and encouragement to eat healthy foods were independently associated with higher F/V intake. Of the 949 (34%) adolescents who reported infrequent family meals (≤2 days/wk), mean F/V intake was 3.6 servings/day for those with high home F/V availability vs 3.0 servings/day for those with low home F/V availability. Similar differences in mean F/V intake (0.3 to 0.6 servings/day) were found for high vs low F/V accessibility, parental modeling, and parent encouragement for healthy eating. Frequent family meals in addition to more favorable parenting practices were associated with the highest F/V intakes. CONCLUSIONS: Food parenting practices and family meals are associated with greater adolescent F/V intake. Longitudinal and intervention studies are needed to determine which combination of parenting practices will lead to improvements in adolescent diets. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27989447/No_Time_for_Family_Meals_Parenting_Practices_Associated_with_Adolescent_Fruit_and_Vegetable_Intake_When_Family_Meals_Are_Not_an_Option_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(16)31331-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -