Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel hydroxybenzaldehyde-based kojic acid analogues as inhibitors of mushroom tyrosinase.Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017 02 01; 27(3):530-532.BM
Two series of novel kojic acid analogues (4a-j) and (5a-d) were designed and synthesized, and their mushroom tyrosinase inhibitory activities was evaluated. The result indicated that all the synthesized derivatives exhibited excellent tyrosinase inhibitory properties having IC50 values in the range of 1.35±2.15-17.50±2.75μM, whereas standard inhibitor kojic acid have IC50 values 20.00±1.08μM. Specifically, 5-phenyl-3-[5-hydroxy-4-pyrone-2-yl-methylmercap-to]-4-(2,4-dihydroxyl-benzylamino)-1,2,4-triazole (4f) exhibited the most potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity with IC50 value of 1.35±2.15μM. The kinetic studies of the compound (4f) demonstrated that the inhibitory effects of the compound on the tyrosinase were belonging to competitive inhibitors. Meanwhile, the structure-activity relationship was discussed.