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Competence for older people nursing in care and nursing homes: An integrative review.
Int J Older People Nurs. 2017 Sep; 12(3)IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

People living in care and nursing homes are vulnerable individuals with complex needs; therefore, a wide array of nursing competence is needed to ensure their well-being. When developing the quality of care in these units, it is essential to know what type of competence is required for older people nursing.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The aim of this integrative review was to identify the competence needed for older people nursing in licensed practical nurses' and registered nurses' work in care and nursing homes.

DESIGN

Integrative literature review.

METHODS

We performed an integrative review using Whittemore and Knafl's method. The CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SocINDEX and Scopus databases were searched for studies published from 2006 to April 2016. We assessed the quality of the studies using Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal tools and analysed the data by applying qualitative content analysis.

RESULTS

Ten articles were included in the review. Most of the studies focused on registered nurses' work. We identified five competence areas that are needed for older people nursing in registered nurses' work in care and nursing homes: attitudinal and ethical, interactional, evidence-based care, pedagogical, and leadership and development competence. Empirical evidence of competence requirements related to licensed practical nurses' work in these facilities was scarce.

CONCLUSIONS

The competence required for registered nurses and licensed practical nurses should be clearly identified to support competence management in the care and nursing home context.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE

Well-educated nursing staff are needed in care and nursing homes to provide high-quality care because comprehensive and advanced nurse competence is required to meet the needs of older people.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28032436

Citation

Kiljunen, Outi, et al. "Competence for Older People Nursing in Care and Nursing Homes: an Integrative Review." International Journal of Older People Nursing, vol. 12, no. 3, 2017.
Kiljunen O, Välimäki T, Kankkunen P, et al. Competence for older people nursing in care and nursing homes: An integrative review. Int J Older People Nurs. 2017;12(3).
Kiljunen, O., Välimäki, T., Kankkunen, P., & Partanen, P. (2017). Competence for older people nursing in care and nursing homes: An integrative review. International Journal of Older People Nursing, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.1111/opn.12146
Kiljunen O, et al. Competence for Older People Nursing in Care and Nursing Homes: an Integrative Review. Int J Older People Nurs. 2017;12(3) PubMed PMID: 28032436.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Competence for older people nursing in care and nursing homes: An integrative review. AU - Kiljunen,Outi, AU - Välimäki,Tarja, AU - Kankkunen,Päivi, AU - Partanen,Pirjo, Y1 - 2016/12/29/ PY - 2016/06/21/received PY - 2016/11/10/accepted PY - 2016/12/30/pubmed PY - 2018/6/1/medline PY - 2016/12/30/entrez KW - care home KW - competence KW - integrative review KW - nurses KW - nursing home KW - older people JF - International journal of older people nursing JO - Int J Older People Nurs VL - 12 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: People living in care and nursing homes are vulnerable individuals with complex needs; therefore, a wide array of nursing competence is needed to ensure their well-being. When developing the quality of care in these units, it is essential to know what type of competence is required for older people nursing. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this integrative review was to identify the competence needed for older people nursing in licensed practical nurses' and registered nurses' work in care and nursing homes. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. METHODS: We performed an integrative review using Whittemore and Knafl's method. The CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SocINDEX and Scopus databases were searched for studies published from 2006 to April 2016. We assessed the quality of the studies using Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal tools and analysed the data by applying qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Ten articles were included in the review. Most of the studies focused on registered nurses' work. We identified five competence areas that are needed for older people nursing in registered nurses' work in care and nursing homes: attitudinal and ethical, interactional, evidence-based care, pedagogical, and leadership and development competence. Empirical evidence of competence requirements related to licensed practical nurses' work in these facilities was scarce. CONCLUSIONS: The competence required for registered nurses and licensed practical nurses should be clearly identified to support competence management in the care and nursing home context. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Well-educated nursing staff are needed in care and nursing homes to provide high-quality care because comprehensive and advanced nurse competence is required to meet the needs of older people. SN - 1748-3743 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28032436/Competence_for_older_people_nursing_in_care_and_nursing_homes:_An_integrative_review_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/opn.12146 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -