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ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN EARLY MATERNAL DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOM TRAJECTORIES AND TODDLERS' FELT SECURITY AT 18 MONTHS: ARE BOYS AND GIRLS AT DIFFERENTIAL RISK?
Infant Ment Health J. 2017 01; 38(1):53-67.IM

Abstract

The goal of this study was to evaluate whether there are sex differences in children's vulnerability to caregiving risk, as indexed by trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms assessed from 2 to 18 months' postpartum, and children's rated attachment security in toddlerhood, adjusting for maternal social support and demographic risk. Analyses utilized longitudinal data collected for 182 African American mother-child dyads from economically diverse backgrounds. Participants were recruited at the time of the child's birth and followed to 18 months' postpartum. Results of conditional latent growth models indicated that an increasing rate of change in level of maternal depressive symptoms over time negatively predicted toddlers' felt attachment security. Higher social support was associated with decreasing levels of maternal depressive symptoms over time whereas higher demographic risk was associated with increasing levels of maternal depressive symptoms. A subsequent multigroup conditional latent growth model revealed that child sex moderated these associations. For male (but not female) children, a rapid increase in maternal depressive symptoms was associated with lower felt attachment security at 18 months. These findings suggest that boys, as compared to girls, may be more vulnerable to early caregiving risks such as maternal depression, with negative consequences for mother-child attachment security in toddlerhood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wayne State University.Wayne State University.University of Massachusetts, Boston.University of Michigan Health Sciences Center.Wayne State University.Wayne State University.Wayne State University.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28042661

Citation

Beeghly, Marjorie, et al. "ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN EARLY MATERNAL DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOM TRAJECTORIES and TODDLERS' FELT SECURITY at 18 MONTHS: ARE BOYS and GIRLS at DIFFERENTIAL RISK?" Infant Mental Health Journal, vol. 38, no. 1, 2017, pp. 53-67.
Beeghly M, Partridge T, Tronick E, et al. ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN EARLY MATERNAL DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOM TRAJECTORIES AND TODDLERS' FELT SECURITY AT 18 MONTHS: ARE BOYS AND GIRLS AT DIFFERENTIAL RISK? Infant Ment Health J. 2017;38(1):53-67.
Beeghly, M., Partridge, T., Tronick, E., Muzik, M., Rahimian Mashhadi, M., Boeve, J. L., & Irwin, J. L. (2017). ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN EARLY MATERNAL DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOM TRAJECTORIES AND TODDLERS' FELT SECURITY AT 18 MONTHS: ARE BOYS AND GIRLS AT DIFFERENTIAL RISK? Infant Mental Health Journal, 38(1), 53-67. https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21617
Beeghly M, et al. ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN EARLY MATERNAL DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOM TRAJECTORIES and TODDLERS' FELT SECURITY at 18 MONTHS: ARE BOYS and GIRLS at DIFFERENTIAL RISK. Infant Ment Health J. 2017;38(1):53-67. PubMed PMID: 28042661.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN EARLY MATERNAL DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOM TRAJECTORIES AND TODDLERS' FELT SECURITY AT 18 MONTHS: ARE BOYS AND GIRLS AT DIFFERENTIAL RISK? AU - Beeghly,Marjorie, AU - Partridge,Ty, AU - Tronick,Ed, AU - Muzik,Maria, AU - Rahimian Mashhadi,Mahya, AU - Boeve,Jordan L, AU - Irwin,Jessica L, Y1 - 2017/01/02/ PY - 2017/1/4/pubmed PY - 2017/11/29/medline PY - 2017/1/3/entrez KW - African American KW - Afroamerikaner KW - Geschlechtsunterschiede KW - Trajektorien mütterlicher depressiver Symptome KW - afro-americano KW - apoyo social materno KW - diferencias de sexo KW - différences entre les sexes KW - gefühlte Bindungssicherheit von Kleinkindern KW - maternal depressive symptom trajectories KW - maternal social support KW - mütterliche soziale Unterstützung KW - noir américain KW - seguridad afectiva sentida por el infante KW - sex differences KW - soutien social maternel KW - sécurit'e de l'attachement perçue par le jeune enfant KW - toddler felt attachment security KW - trajectoires de symptômes dépressifs maternels KW - trayectorias de síntomas depresivos maternos KW - アフリカ系アメリカ人 KW - 幼児が感じる愛着の安定性 KW - 幼兒依附安全感 KW - 性別差異 KW - 性差 KW - 母親の抑鬱症状の軌跡 KW - 母親の社会的支援 KW - 產婦抑鬱症狀軌跡 KW - 產婦社會支持 KW - 非裔美國人 SP - 53 EP - 67 JF - Infant mental health journal JO - Infant Ment Health J VL - 38 IS - 1 N2 - The goal of this study was to evaluate whether there are sex differences in children's vulnerability to caregiving risk, as indexed by trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms assessed from 2 to 18 months' postpartum, and children's rated attachment security in toddlerhood, adjusting for maternal social support and demographic risk. Analyses utilized longitudinal data collected for 182 African American mother-child dyads from economically diverse backgrounds. Participants were recruited at the time of the child's birth and followed to 18 months' postpartum. Results of conditional latent growth models indicated that an increasing rate of change in level of maternal depressive symptoms over time negatively predicted toddlers' felt attachment security. Higher social support was associated with decreasing levels of maternal depressive symptoms over time whereas higher demographic risk was associated with increasing levels of maternal depressive symptoms. A subsequent multigroup conditional latent growth model revealed that child sex moderated these associations. For male (but not female) children, a rapid increase in maternal depressive symptoms was associated with lower felt attachment security at 18 months. These findings suggest that boys, as compared to girls, may be more vulnerable to early caregiving risks such as maternal depression, with negative consequences for mother-child attachment security in toddlerhood. SN - 1097-0355 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28042661/ASSOCIATIONS_BETWEEN_EARLY_MATERNAL_DEPRESSIVE_SYMPTOM_TRAJECTORIES_AND_TODDLERS'_FELT_SECURITY_AT_18_MONTHS:_ARE_BOYS_AND_GIRLS_AT_DIFFERENTIAL_RISK L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21617 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -