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Gender-Specific Associations between Socioeconomic Status and Psychological Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in the Korean Population: Findings from the 2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Biomed Res Int 2016; 2016:3973197BR

Abstract

We aimed to assess the gender-specific associations between psychological factors and socioeconomic status (SES) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults. We examined 4,689 Korean adults aged 20-79 years who participated in the 2013 Korean National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey. With regard to SES, occupation status (none, manual, and nonmanual), marital status (single, married, divorced, and widowed), and psychological factors (detection of stress, depressive symptoms, and suicidal thoughts) were determined via questionnaires. Compared with married men, single and divorced men exhibited ORs (95% confidence interval [CIs]) for MetS of 0.45 (0.31-0.65) and 1.61 (1.02-2.55), respectively, after adjusting for covariates. However, this association was not significant in women. Compared with those in the lowest household income group and least educated group in women, the ORs for MetS in the highest income group and the most educated group were 0.63 (CI 0.46-0.86) and 0.46 (CI 0.32-0.67), respectively. Suicidal thoughts in men (OR 1.64, CI 1.03-2.61) and perceived stress in women (OR 1.26, CI 1.01-1.59) were associated with MetS. In this study, MetS has gender-specific associations with lower SES and psychological factors. Thus, gender-specific public health interventions based on SES and psychological factors are needed to prevent and treat MetS and reduce additional cardiovascular disease risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Kosin University School of Medicine, 34 Amnam-Dong, Seo-Ku, Busan 602-702, Republic of Korea.Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital and Biomedical Research Institute, 179 Gudeok-Ro, Seo-Gu, Busan 602-739, Republic of Korea.Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 626-770, Republic of Korea.Department of Internal Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, University of Inje College of Medicine, Busan 614-735, Republic of Korea.Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 626-770, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28050556

Citation

Cho, Kyoung Im, et al. "Gender-Specific Associations Between Socioeconomic Status and Psychological Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in the Korean Population: Findings From the 2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey." BioMed Research International, vol. 2016, 2016, p. 3973197.
Cho KI, Kim BH, Je HG, et al. Gender-Specific Associations between Socioeconomic Status and Psychological Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in the Korean Population: Findings from the 2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Biomed Res Int. 2016;2016:3973197.
Cho, K. I., Kim, B. H., Je, H. G., Jang, J. S., & Park, Y. H. (2016). Gender-Specific Associations between Socioeconomic Status and Psychological Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in the Korean Population: Findings from the 2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. BioMed Research International, 2016, p. 3973197. doi:10.1155/2016/3973197.
Cho KI, et al. Gender-Specific Associations Between Socioeconomic Status and Psychological Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in the Korean Population: Findings From the 2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Biomed Res Int. 2016;2016:3973197. PubMed PMID: 28050556.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender-Specific Associations between Socioeconomic Status and Psychological Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in the Korean Population: Findings from the 2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. AU - Cho,Kyoung Im, AU - Kim,Bo Hyun, AU - Je,Hyung Gon, AU - Jang,Jae Sik, AU - Park,Yong Hyun, Y1 - 2016/12/05/ PY - 2016/10/19/received PY - 2016/10/27/accepted PY - 2017/1/5/entrez PY - 2017/1/5/pubmed PY - 2017/2/18/medline SP - 3973197 EP - 3973197 JF - BioMed research international JO - Biomed Res Int VL - 2016 N2 - We aimed to assess the gender-specific associations between psychological factors and socioeconomic status (SES) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults. We examined 4,689 Korean adults aged 20-79 years who participated in the 2013 Korean National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey. With regard to SES, occupation status (none, manual, and nonmanual), marital status (single, married, divorced, and widowed), and psychological factors (detection of stress, depressive symptoms, and suicidal thoughts) were determined via questionnaires. Compared with married men, single and divorced men exhibited ORs (95% confidence interval [CIs]) for MetS of 0.45 (0.31-0.65) and 1.61 (1.02-2.55), respectively, after adjusting for covariates. However, this association was not significant in women. Compared with those in the lowest household income group and least educated group in women, the ORs for MetS in the highest income group and the most educated group were 0.63 (CI 0.46-0.86) and 0.46 (CI 0.32-0.67), respectively. Suicidal thoughts in men (OR 1.64, CI 1.03-2.61) and perceived stress in women (OR 1.26, CI 1.01-1.59) were associated with MetS. In this study, MetS has gender-specific associations with lower SES and psychological factors. Thus, gender-specific public health interventions based on SES and psychological factors are needed to prevent and treat MetS and reduce additional cardiovascular disease risk. SN - 2314-6141 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28050556/Gender_Specific_Associations_between_Socioeconomic_Status_and_Psychological_Factors_and_Metabolic_Syndrome_in_the_Korean_Population:_Findings_from_the_2013_Korean_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3973197 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -