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Social context and perspectives of non-medical prescription opioid use among young adults in Rhode Island: A qualitative study.
Am J Addict. 2016 12; 25(8):659-665.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

This pilot study examined the context of nonmedical prescription opioid (NMPO) use and related risk behaviors among young adults in Rhode Island, a New England region with markedly high prevalence of NMPO use and overdose mortality.

METHODS

We conducted semi-structured interviews (n = 13) with young adults (18-29 year-olds) who reported current or recent NMPO use. We also conducted focus groups (two groups, n = 14 total) with professional service providers recruited from service organizations. Data were audio-recorded, transcribed, and key themes were analyzed.

RESULTS

Participants discussed high levels of access to prescription opioids for nonmedical use via prescriptions originally provided to family and friends. The contexts described by participants included social environments such as parties, in which mixing opiates with benzodiazepines, alcohol or other types of drugs, and incidents of unintentional overdose were reported. Participants attributed risk for overdose to individual-level factors (eg, users who "couldn't handle it"), rather than contextual factors, and described negative reactions to being labeled as an "addict" or "addicted." Professional service providers had first-hand experience with young adults in treatment settings, yet limited exposure to young adults who were treatment-naïve.

CONCLUSIONS

Young adult NMPO users described social settings where polysubstance use and pill use were common, and highlighted an aversion to being labeled as having a substance use disorder.

SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE

To reduce harms of NMPO use among young adults, interventions should address the social context in which drug use and risk behaviors occur. (Am J Addict 2016;25:659-665).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island.Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island.Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island. Department of Emergency Medicine, The Warren Alpert School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island. Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28051839

Citation

Yedinak, Jesse L., et al. "Social Context and Perspectives of Non-medical Prescription Opioid Use Among Young Adults in Rhode Island: a Qualitative Study." The American Journal On Addictions, vol. 25, no. 8, 2016, pp. 659-665.
Yedinak JL, Kinnard EN, Hadland SE, et al. Social context and perspectives of non-medical prescription opioid use among young adults in Rhode Island: A qualitative study. Am J Addict. 2016;25(8):659-665.
Yedinak, J. L., Kinnard, E. N., Hadland, S. E., Green, T. C., Clark, M. A., & Marshall, B. D. (2016). Social context and perspectives of non-medical prescription opioid use among young adults in Rhode Island: A qualitative study. The American Journal On Addictions, 25(8), 659-665. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajad.12466
Yedinak JL, et al. Social Context and Perspectives of Non-medical Prescription Opioid Use Among Young Adults in Rhode Island: a Qualitative Study. Am J Addict. 2016;25(8):659-665. PubMed PMID: 28051839.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Social context and perspectives of non-medical prescription opioid use among young adults in Rhode Island: A qualitative study. AU - Yedinak,Jesse L, AU - Kinnard,Elizabeth N, AU - Hadland,Scott E, AU - Green,Traci C, AU - Clark,Melissa A, AU - Marshall,Brandon D L, Y1 - 2016/11/08/ PY - 2016/03/10/received PY - 2016/10/27/revised PY - 2016/10/27/accepted PY - 2017/1/5/entrez PY - 2017/1/5/pubmed PY - 2017/10/11/medline SP - 659 EP - 665 JF - The American journal on addictions JO - Am J Addict VL - 25 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This pilot study examined the context of nonmedical prescription opioid (NMPO) use and related risk behaviors among young adults in Rhode Island, a New England region with markedly high prevalence of NMPO use and overdose mortality. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews (n = 13) with young adults (18-29 year-olds) who reported current or recent NMPO use. We also conducted focus groups (two groups, n = 14 total) with professional service providers recruited from service organizations. Data were audio-recorded, transcribed, and key themes were analyzed. RESULTS: Participants discussed high levels of access to prescription opioids for nonmedical use via prescriptions originally provided to family and friends. The contexts described by participants included social environments such as parties, in which mixing opiates with benzodiazepines, alcohol or other types of drugs, and incidents of unintentional overdose were reported. Participants attributed risk for overdose to individual-level factors (eg, users who "couldn't handle it"), rather than contextual factors, and described negative reactions to being labeled as an "addict" or "addicted." Professional service providers had first-hand experience with young adults in treatment settings, yet limited exposure to young adults who were treatment-naïve. CONCLUSIONS: Young adult NMPO users described social settings where polysubstance use and pill use were common, and highlighted an aversion to being labeled as having a substance use disorder. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: To reduce harms of NMPO use among young adults, interventions should address the social context in which drug use and risk behaviors occur. (Am J Addict 2016;25:659-665). SN - 1521-0391 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28051839/Social_context_and_perspectives_of_non_medical_prescription_opioid_use_among_young_adults_in_Rhode_Island:_A_qualitative_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/ajad.12466 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -