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1,8-Cineole in French Red Wines: Evidence for a Contribution Related to Its Various Origins.
J Agric Food Chem. 2017 Jan 18; 65(2):383-393.JA

Abstract

The aromatic descriptor "green", reflecting grape unripeness in French red wines, is frequently associated with the levels of 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines, particularly 3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine (IBMP), which has bell pepper nuances. Nevertheless, not all green aromatic expressions in red wines correlate with 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazine concentrations. This study considered sensory and chemical approaches using Cabernet Sauvignon wines obtained from grapes harvested at one-month intervals during the 2014 and 2015 vintages to investigate other volatile odoriferous compounds. Semipreparative HPLC fractionation of wine extracts revealed a fraction with specific green aromas in the early harvest wines. Its sensory impact was confirmed by omission and reconstitution tests. Then, multidimensional gas chromatography coupled with olfactometry and mass spectrometry (MDGC-O-MS/TOF) was used for molecular characterization of the aroma compounds associated with the green aromas. Surprisingly, eucalyptol (1,8-cineole), with menthol odor was highlighted and assayed at concentrations sometimes above its olfactory detection threshold in Cabernet Sauvignon and Fer Servadou wines. Sensory tests confirmed its impact at several concentrations detected in French red wines (up to 2.61 ± 0.03 μg/L) on the menthol nuance and overall green perception, particularly via an additive effect with IBMP. Quantitation of 1,8-cineole in Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot grapes during berry development in 2015 revealed its varietal origin with abundant concentrations in unripe berries and decrease during grape maturation. Moreover, the implication of an invasive plant (Artemisia verlotiorum) growing in certain vineyards was shown to be responsible for increased 1,8-cineole concentrations in some wines.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Univ. Bordeaux , ISVV, EA 4577 Œnologie, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France.INRA , ISVV, USC 1366 Œnologie, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France.Univ. Bordeaux , ISVV, EA 4577 Œnologie, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France. INRA , ISVV, USC 1366 Œnologie, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28060498

Citation

Poitou, Xavier, et al. "1,8-Cineole in French Red Wines: Evidence for a Contribution Related to Its Various Origins." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 65, no. 2, 2017, pp. 383-393.
Poitou X, Thibon C, Darriet P. 1,8-Cineole in French Red Wines: Evidence for a Contribution Related to Its Various Origins. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65(2):383-393.
Poitou, X., Thibon, C., & Darriet, P. (2017). 1,8-Cineole in French Red Wines: Evidence for a Contribution Related to Its Various Origins. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 65(2), 383-393. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b03042
Poitou X, Thibon C, Darriet P. 1,8-Cineole in French Red Wines: Evidence for a Contribution Related to Its Various Origins. J Agric Food Chem. 2017 Jan 18;65(2):383-393. PubMed PMID: 28060498.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - 1,8-Cineole in French Red Wines: Evidence for a Contribution Related to Its Various Origins. AU - Poitou,Xavier, AU - Thibon,Cécile, AU - Darriet,Philippe, Y1 - 2017/01/06/ PY - 2017/1/7/pubmed PY - 2017/5/4/medline PY - 2017/1/7/entrez KW - 1,8-cineole KW - Artemisia verlotiorum KW - French red wines KW - grape ripeness KW - green aromas SP - 383 EP - 393 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 65 IS - 2 N2 - The aromatic descriptor "green", reflecting grape unripeness in French red wines, is frequently associated with the levels of 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines, particularly 3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine (IBMP), which has bell pepper nuances. Nevertheless, not all green aromatic expressions in red wines correlate with 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazine concentrations. This study considered sensory and chemical approaches using Cabernet Sauvignon wines obtained from grapes harvested at one-month intervals during the 2014 and 2015 vintages to investigate other volatile odoriferous compounds. Semipreparative HPLC fractionation of wine extracts revealed a fraction with specific green aromas in the early harvest wines. Its sensory impact was confirmed by omission and reconstitution tests. Then, multidimensional gas chromatography coupled with olfactometry and mass spectrometry (MDGC-O-MS/TOF) was used for molecular characterization of the aroma compounds associated with the green aromas. Surprisingly, eucalyptol (1,8-cineole), with menthol odor was highlighted and assayed at concentrations sometimes above its olfactory detection threshold in Cabernet Sauvignon and Fer Servadou wines. Sensory tests confirmed its impact at several concentrations detected in French red wines (up to 2.61 ± 0.03 μg/L) on the menthol nuance and overall green perception, particularly via an additive effect with IBMP. Quantitation of 1,8-cineole in Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot grapes during berry development in 2015 revealed its varietal origin with abundant concentrations in unripe berries and decrease during grape maturation. Moreover, the implication of an invasive plant (Artemisia verlotiorum) growing in certain vineyards was shown to be responsible for increased 1,8-cineole concentrations in some wines. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28060498/18_Cineole_in_French_Red_Wines:_Evidence_for_a_Contribution_Related_to_Its_Various_Origins_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b03042 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -