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Common mental health problems in rural-to-urban migrant workers in Shenzhen, China: prevalence and risk factors.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2018 06; 27(3):256-265.EP

Abstract

AIMS

Rural-to-urban migrant workers are a large marginalised population in urban China. Prevalence estimates of common mental health problems (CMHPs) in previous studies varied widely and very few studies have investigated migration-related factors of CMHPs in migrant workers. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of CMHPs among Chinese migrant workers.

METHODS

A random sample of 3031 migrant workers of ten manufacturing factories in Shenzhen, China, completed a standardised questionnaire containing socio-demographic and migration-related variables and the Chinese 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). A GHQ-12 score of three or higher was used to denote the presence of CMHPs.

RESULTS

The prevalence of CMHPs was 34.4% in Chinese migrant workers. In multiple logistic regression, risk factors for CMHPs included being 16-25 years old (odd ratio [OR] 1.65, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.28, 2.12), being 26-35 years old (OR 1.36, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.75), low monthly income (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.04, 1.92), poor living condition (OR: 1.76, 95% CI: 1.22, 2.54), physical illness in the past 2 weeks (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.43, 2.05), having worked in many cities (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.03, 1.74), infrequently visiting hometown (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.22, 1.99), poor Mandarin proficiency (OR 1.51, 95%CI 1.13, 2.01), a low level of perceived benefits of migration (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.14, 1.55) and working more than 8 h/day (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.14, 1.70).

CONCLUSIONS

CMHPs are very prevalent among Chinese migrant workers. Given the large number of Chinese migrant workers, there is an urgent need to address the mental health burden of China's migrant worker population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry,The Chinese University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong SAR,People's Republic of China.Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Psychological Healthcare,Shenzhen Institute of Mental Health, Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen Mental Health Center,Shenzhen,People's Republic of China.Department of Psychiatry,The Chinese University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong SAR,People's Republic of China.Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Psychological Healthcare,Shenzhen Institute of Mental Health, Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen Mental Health Center,Shenzhen,People's Republic of China.Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Psychological Healthcare,Shenzhen Institute of Mental Health, Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen Mental Health Center,Shenzhen,People's Republic of China.Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Psychological Healthcare,Shenzhen Institute of Mental Health, Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen Mental Health Center,Shenzhen,People's Republic of China.Department of Psychiatry,The Chinese University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong SAR,People's Republic of China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28067189

Citation

Zhong, B L., et al. "Common Mental Health Problems in Rural-to-urban Migrant Workers in Shenzhen, China: Prevalence and Risk Factors." Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, vol. 27, no. 3, 2018, pp. 256-265.
Zhong BL, Liu TB, Chan SSM, et al. Common mental health problems in rural-to-urban migrant workers in Shenzhen, China: prevalence and risk factors. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2018;27(3):256-265.
Zhong, B. L., Liu, T. B., Chan, S. S. M., Jin, D., Hu, C. Y., Dai, J., & Chiu, H. F. K. (2018). Common mental health problems in rural-to-urban migrant workers in Shenzhen, China: prevalence and risk factors. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 27(3), 256-265. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796016001141
Zhong BL, et al. Common Mental Health Problems in Rural-to-urban Migrant Workers in Shenzhen, China: Prevalence and Risk Factors. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2018;27(3):256-265. PubMed PMID: 28067189.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Common mental health problems in rural-to-urban migrant workers in Shenzhen, China: prevalence and risk factors. AU - Zhong,B L, AU - Liu,T B, AU - Chan,S S M, AU - Jin,D, AU - Hu,C Y, AU - Dai,J, AU - Chiu,H F K, Y1 - 2017/01/09/ PY - 2017/1/10/pubmed PY - 2018/12/12/medline PY - 2017/1/10/entrez KW - China KW - common mental health problem KW - epidemiology KW - rural-to-urban migrant worker SP - 256 EP - 265 JF - Epidemiology and psychiatric sciences JO - Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci VL - 27 IS - 3 N2 - AIMS: Rural-to-urban migrant workers are a large marginalised population in urban China. Prevalence estimates of common mental health problems (CMHPs) in previous studies varied widely and very few studies have investigated migration-related factors of CMHPs in migrant workers. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of CMHPs among Chinese migrant workers. METHODS: A random sample of 3031 migrant workers of ten manufacturing factories in Shenzhen, China, completed a standardised questionnaire containing socio-demographic and migration-related variables and the Chinese 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). A GHQ-12 score of three or higher was used to denote the presence of CMHPs. RESULTS: The prevalence of CMHPs was 34.4% in Chinese migrant workers. In multiple logistic regression, risk factors for CMHPs included being 16-25 years old (odd ratio [OR] 1.65, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.28, 2.12), being 26-35 years old (OR 1.36, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.75), low monthly income (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.04, 1.92), poor living condition (OR: 1.76, 95% CI: 1.22, 2.54), physical illness in the past 2 weeks (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.43, 2.05), having worked in many cities (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.03, 1.74), infrequently visiting hometown (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.22, 1.99), poor Mandarin proficiency (OR 1.51, 95%CI 1.13, 2.01), a low level of perceived benefits of migration (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.14, 1.55) and working more than 8 h/day (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.14, 1.70). CONCLUSIONS: CMHPs are very prevalent among Chinese migrant workers. Given the large number of Chinese migrant workers, there is an urgent need to address the mental health burden of China's migrant worker population. SN - 2045-7960 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28067189/Common_mental_health_problems_in_rural_to_urban_migrant_workers_in_Shenzhen_China:_prevalence_and_risk_factors_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S2045796016001141/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -