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Reproductive experiences of women who cryopreserved oocytes for non-medical reasons.
Hum Reprod 2017; 32(3):575-581HR

Abstract

STUDY QUESTION

What are the reproductive experiences of women who cryopreserve oocytes for non-medical reasons?

SUMMARY ANSWER

One in three women had been pregnant at some stage in their lives and while most still wanted to have a child or another child, very few had used their stored oocytes, predominantly because they did not want to be single parents.

WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY

The number of healthy women who freeze oocytes to avoid age-related infertility is increasing. Evidence about reproductive outcomes after oocyte cryopreservation for non-medical reasons is needed to help women make informed decisions.

STUDY DESIGN SIZE, DURATION

A cross-sectional survey was carried out. Study packs which included a self-administered questionnaire were mailed by clinic staff to 193 eligible women.

PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS

Women who had stored oocytes for non-medical reasons at Melbourne IVF, a private ART clinic, between 1999 and 2014 were identified from medical records and invited to complete an anonymous questionnaire about their reproductive histories and experience of oocyte cryopreservation.

MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE

A total of 10 survey packs were returned to the clinic marked 'address unknown'. Of the 183 potential respondents, 96 (53%) returned the questionnaire. One respondent provided only free-text comments, thus data from 95 respondents were compiled. The mean age at the time of freezing oocytes was 37.1 years (SD ± 2.6, range: 27-42) and the average number of oocytes stored was 14.2 (SD ± 7.9, range: 0-42); 2% had attempted to store oocytes but had none suitable for freezing, 24% had stored <8 oocytes, 35% had 8-15, 25% had 16-23 and 14% had stored >23 oocytes. About one-third of respondents (34%) had been pregnant at some point in their lives. Six women (6%) had used their stored oocytes and three of them had given birth as a result. The main reason for not using stored oocytes was not wanting to be a single parent. Of the 87 (91%) women who still had oocytes stored, 21% intended to use them while 69% indicated that their circumstances would determine usage. The mean number of children respondents would ideally have liked to have was significantly higher than the number of children they expected to have (2.11 versus 1.38, P < 0.001).

LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION

The limitations are inherent to any anonymously completed questionnaire: participation bias, missing data and the possibility that some questions or response alternatives may have been ambiguous.

WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS

The findings add to the very limited evidence about the reproductive outcomes experienced by women who freeze oocytes for non-medical reasons and can be used to help women make informed decisions about whether to store oocytes.

STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S)

The study was funded by Melbourne IVF. K.H. has received honoraria from Merck-Serono, J.M. is a clinician at Melbourne IVF, F.A. is a Melbourne IVF employee, J.F. is supported by a Monash Professorial Fellowship and the Jean Hailes Professorial Fellowship which receives funding from the L and H Hecht Trust, managed by Perpetual Trustees Pty Ltd. M.K., N.P., M.H., M.P. and C.B. have no competing interests.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER

Not applicable.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 2, 553 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia. Victorian Assisted Reproductive Treatment Authority, Level 30, 570 Bourke Street, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia.Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 2, 553 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, Victoria3004, Australia.Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 2, 553 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, Victoria3004, Australia.Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Royal Women's Hospital, University of Melbourne, 20 Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Royal Women's Hospital, University of Melbourne, 20 Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.Melbourne IVF, 320 Victoria Pde, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia.Melbourne IVF, 320 Victoria Pde, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia.Royal Women's Hospital, 20 Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.Jean Hailes Research Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 2, 553 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, Victoria3004, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28077428

Citation

Hammarberg, Karin, et al. "Reproductive Experiences of Women Who Cryopreserved Oocytes for Non-medical Reasons." Human Reproduction (Oxford, England), vol. 32, no. 3, 2017, pp. 575-581.
Hammarberg K, Kirkman M, Pritchard N, et al. Reproductive experiences of women who cryopreserved oocytes for non-medical reasons. Hum Reprod. 2017;32(3):575-581.
Hammarberg, K., Kirkman, M., Pritchard, N., Hickey, M., Peate, M., McBain, J., ... Fisher, J. (2017). Reproductive experiences of women who cryopreserved oocytes for non-medical reasons. Human Reproduction (Oxford, England), 32(3), pp. 575-581. doi:10.1093/humrep/dew342.
Hammarberg K, et al. Reproductive Experiences of Women Who Cryopreserved Oocytes for Non-medical Reasons. Hum Reprod. 2017 03 1;32(3):575-581. PubMed PMID: 28077428.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reproductive experiences of women who cryopreserved oocytes for non-medical reasons. AU - Hammarberg,Karin, AU - Kirkman,Maggie, AU - Pritchard,Natasha, AU - Hickey,Martha, AU - Peate,Michelle, AU - McBain,John, AU - Agresta,Franca, AU - Bayly,Chris, AU - Fisher,Jane, PY - 2016/08/24/received PY - 2016/12/09/accepted PY - 2017/1/13/pubmed PY - 2018/2/23/medline PY - 2017/1/13/entrez KW - fertility preservation KW - non-medical KW - oocyte cryopreservation KW - reproductive outcomes KW - social SP - 575 EP - 581 JF - Human reproduction (Oxford, England) JO - Hum. Reprod. VL - 32 IS - 3 N2 - STUDY QUESTION: What are the reproductive experiences of women who cryopreserve oocytes for non-medical reasons? SUMMARY ANSWER: One in three women had been pregnant at some stage in their lives and while most still wanted to have a child or another child, very few had used their stored oocytes, predominantly because they did not want to be single parents. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The number of healthy women who freeze oocytes to avoid age-related infertility is increasing. Evidence about reproductive outcomes after oocyte cryopreservation for non-medical reasons is needed to help women make informed decisions. STUDY DESIGN SIZE, DURATION: A cross-sectional survey was carried out. Study packs which included a self-administered questionnaire were mailed by clinic staff to 193 eligible women. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Women who had stored oocytes for non-medical reasons at Melbourne IVF, a private ART clinic, between 1999 and 2014 were identified from medical records and invited to complete an anonymous questionnaire about their reproductive histories and experience of oocyte cryopreservation. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: A total of 10 survey packs were returned to the clinic marked 'address unknown'. Of the 183 potential respondents, 96 (53%) returned the questionnaire. One respondent provided only free-text comments, thus data from 95 respondents were compiled. The mean age at the time of freezing oocytes was 37.1 years (SD ± 2.6, range: 27-42) and the average number of oocytes stored was 14.2 (SD ± 7.9, range: 0-42); 2% had attempted to store oocytes but had none suitable for freezing, 24% had stored <8 oocytes, 35% had 8-15, 25% had 16-23 and 14% had stored >23 oocytes. About one-third of respondents (34%) had been pregnant at some point in their lives. Six women (6%) had used their stored oocytes and three of them had given birth as a result. The main reason for not using stored oocytes was not wanting to be a single parent. Of the 87 (91%) women who still had oocytes stored, 21% intended to use them while 69% indicated that their circumstances would determine usage. The mean number of children respondents would ideally have liked to have was significantly higher than the number of children they expected to have (2.11 versus 1.38, P < 0.001). LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The limitations are inherent to any anonymously completed questionnaire: participation bias, missing data and the possibility that some questions or response alternatives may have been ambiguous. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: The findings add to the very limited evidence about the reproductive outcomes experienced by women who freeze oocytes for non-medical reasons and can be used to help women make informed decisions about whether to store oocytes. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): The study was funded by Melbourne IVF. K.H. has received honoraria from Merck-Serono, J.M. is a clinician at Melbourne IVF, F.A. is a Melbourne IVF employee, J.F. is supported by a Monash Professorial Fellowship and the Jean Hailes Professorial Fellowship which receives funding from the L and H Hecht Trust, managed by Perpetual Trustees Pty Ltd. M.K., N.P., M.H., M.P. and C.B. have no competing interests. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Not applicable. SN - 1460-2350 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28077428/Reproductive_experiences_of_women_who_cryopreserved_oocytes_for_non_medical_reasons_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/humrep/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/humrep/dew342 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -