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The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus nigra L.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2017 Mar; 72(1):82-87.PF

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate the antioxidant potential of teas prepared from twenty-four commercially available berries and flowers of Sambucus nigra L. in relation to their phenolic profile, as reflected by the most representative phenolic acids (caffeic, chlorogenic, p-coumaric, ferulic, gallic and syringic acids); flavonols (quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin and rutin); and total phenolic (TPC), phenolic acid (TAC) and flavonoid (TFC) contents. The infusions prepared from elderflowers contained more abundant phenolic compounds than the elderberry infusions. The TPC of these infusions ranged from 19.81 to 23.90 mg of gallic acid equivalents/g dry weight of sample (GAE/g DW) for elderberries and from 15.23 to 35.57 mg GAE/g DW for elderflowers, whereas the TFC ranged from 2.60 to 4.49 mg of rutin equivalents/g dry weight of sample (RUTE/g DW) in elderberry infusions and from 5.27 to 13.19 mg RUTE/g DW in elderflower infusions. Among the phenolic compounds quantified in this study, quercetin (2.07-9.48 mg/g DW) and myricetin (1.17-9.62 mg/g DW) had the highest concentrations in the teas prepared from berries and flowers, respectively. Moreover, the antioxidant potential of elder infusions assessed by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays revealed that the teas prepared from flowers had higher mean DPPH and FRAP activities than the teas prepared from berries. Therefore, elder beverages could be important dietary sources of natural antioxidants that contribute to the prevention of diseases caused by oxidative stress.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Medical University of Gdansk, Gen. J. Hallera 107, 80-416, Gdansk, Poland.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Medical University of Gdansk, Gen. J. Hallera 107, 80-416, Gdansk, Poland. marwes@gumed.edu.pl.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28084608

Citation

Viapiana, Agnieszka, and Marek Wesolowski. "The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus Nigra L." Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), vol. 72, no. 1, 2017, pp. 82-87.
Viapiana A, Wesolowski M. The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus nigra L. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2017;72(1):82-87.
Viapiana, A., & Wesolowski, M. (2017). The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus nigra L. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 72(1), 82-87. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-016-0594-x
Viapiana A, Wesolowski M. The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus Nigra L. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2017;72(1):82-87. PubMed PMID: 28084608.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus nigra L. AU - Viapiana,Agnieszka, AU - Wesolowski,Marek, PY - 2017/1/14/pubmed PY - 2017/4/7/medline PY - 2017/1/14/entrez KW - Antioxidant activity KW - Elder teas KW - Flavonols KW - Phenolic acids SP - 82 EP - 87 JF - Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands) JO - Plant Foods Hum Nutr VL - 72 IS - 1 N2 - The aim of this work was to evaluate the antioxidant potential of teas prepared from twenty-four commercially available berries and flowers of Sambucus nigra L. in relation to their phenolic profile, as reflected by the most representative phenolic acids (caffeic, chlorogenic, p-coumaric, ferulic, gallic and syringic acids); flavonols (quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin and rutin); and total phenolic (TPC), phenolic acid (TAC) and flavonoid (TFC) contents. The infusions prepared from elderflowers contained more abundant phenolic compounds than the elderberry infusions. The TPC of these infusions ranged from 19.81 to 23.90 mg of gallic acid equivalents/g dry weight of sample (GAE/g DW) for elderberries and from 15.23 to 35.57 mg GAE/g DW for elderflowers, whereas the TFC ranged from 2.60 to 4.49 mg of rutin equivalents/g dry weight of sample (RUTE/g DW) in elderberry infusions and from 5.27 to 13.19 mg RUTE/g DW in elderflower infusions. Among the phenolic compounds quantified in this study, quercetin (2.07-9.48 mg/g DW) and myricetin (1.17-9.62 mg/g DW) had the highest concentrations in the teas prepared from berries and flowers, respectively. Moreover, the antioxidant potential of elder infusions assessed by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays revealed that the teas prepared from flowers had higher mean DPPH and FRAP activities than the teas prepared from berries. Therefore, elder beverages could be important dietary sources of natural antioxidants that contribute to the prevention of diseases caused by oxidative stress. SN - 1573-9104 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28084608/The_Phenolic_Contents_and_Antioxidant_Activities_of_Infusions_of_Sambucus_nigra_L_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-016-0594-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -