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Exploring expert opinion on the practicality and effectiveness of biosecurity measures on dairy farms in the United Kingdom using choice modeling.
J Dairy Sci. 2017 Mar; 100(3):2225-2239.JD

Abstract

Biosecurity, defined as a series of measures aiming to stop disease-causing agents entering or leaving an area where farm animals are present, is very important for the continuing economic viability of the United Kingdom dairy sector, and for animal welfare. This study gathered expert opinion from farmers, veterinarians, consultants, academics, and government and industry representatives on the practicality and effectiveness of different biosecurity measures on dairy farms. The study used best-worst scaling, a technique that allows for greater discrimination between choices and avoids the variability in interpretation associated with other methods, such as Likert scales and ranking methods. Keeping a closed herd was rated as the most effective measure overall, and maintaining regular contact with the veterinarian was the most practical measure. Measures relating to knowledge, planning, and veterinary involvement; buying-in practices; and quarantine and treatment scored highly for effectiveness overall. Measures relating to visitors, equipment, pest control, and hygiene scored much lower for effectiveness. Overall, measures relating to direct animal-to-animal contact scored much higher for effectiveness than measures relating to indirect disease transmission. Some of the most effective measures were also rated as the least practical, such as keeping a closed herd and avoiding nose-to-nose contact between contiguous animals, suggesting that real barriers exist for farmers when implementing biosecurity measures on dairy farms. We observed heterogeneity in expert opinion on biosecurity measures; for example, veterinarians rated the effectiveness of consulting the veterinarian on biosecurity significantly more highly than dairy farmers, suggesting a greater need for veterinarians to promote their services on-farm. Still, both groups rated it as a practical measure, suggesting that the farmer-veterinarian relationship holds some advantages for the promotion of biosecurity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom.School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom.School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom.School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom.School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom. Electronic address: jasmeet.kaler@nottingham.ac.uk.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28088420

Citation

Shortall, Orla, et al. "Exploring Expert Opinion On the Practicality and Effectiveness of Biosecurity Measures On Dairy Farms in the United Kingdom Using Choice Modeling." Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 100, no. 3, 2017, pp. 2225-2239.
Shortall O, Green M, Brennan M, et al. Exploring expert opinion on the practicality and effectiveness of biosecurity measures on dairy farms in the United Kingdom using choice modeling. J Dairy Sci. 2017;100(3):2225-2239.
Shortall, O., Green, M., Brennan, M., Wapenaar, W., & Kaler, J. (2017). Exploring expert opinion on the practicality and effectiveness of biosecurity measures on dairy farms in the United Kingdom using choice modeling. Journal of Dairy Science, 100(3), 2225-2239. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11435
Shortall O, et al. Exploring Expert Opinion On the Practicality and Effectiveness of Biosecurity Measures On Dairy Farms in the United Kingdom Using Choice Modeling. J Dairy Sci. 2017;100(3):2225-2239. PubMed PMID: 28088420.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Exploring expert opinion on the practicality and effectiveness of biosecurity measures on dairy farms in the United Kingdom using choice modeling. AU - Shortall,Orla, AU - Green,Martin, AU - Brennan,Marnie, AU - Wapenaar,Wendela, AU - Kaler,Jasmeet, Y1 - 2017/01/11/ PY - 2016/05/10/received PY - 2016/11/04/accepted PY - 2017/1/16/pubmed PY - 2017/5/23/medline PY - 2017/1/16/entrez KW - best-worst scaling KW - biosecurity KW - disease control KW - effectiveness KW - practicality SP - 2225 EP - 2239 JF - Journal of dairy science JO - J. Dairy Sci. VL - 100 IS - 3 N2 - Biosecurity, defined as a series of measures aiming to stop disease-causing agents entering or leaving an area where farm animals are present, is very important for the continuing economic viability of the United Kingdom dairy sector, and for animal welfare. This study gathered expert opinion from farmers, veterinarians, consultants, academics, and government and industry representatives on the practicality and effectiveness of different biosecurity measures on dairy farms. The study used best-worst scaling, a technique that allows for greater discrimination between choices and avoids the variability in interpretation associated with other methods, such as Likert scales and ranking methods. Keeping a closed herd was rated as the most effective measure overall, and maintaining regular contact with the veterinarian was the most practical measure. Measures relating to knowledge, planning, and veterinary involvement; buying-in practices; and quarantine and treatment scored highly for effectiveness overall. Measures relating to visitors, equipment, pest control, and hygiene scored much lower for effectiveness. Overall, measures relating to direct animal-to-animal contact scored much higher for effectiveness than measures relating to indirect disease transmission. Some of the most effective measures were also rated as the least practical, such as keeping a closed herd and avoiding nose-to-nose contact between contiguous animals, suggesting that real barriers exist for farmers when implementing biosecurity measures on dairy farms. We observed heterogeneity in expert opinion on biosecurity measures; for example, veterinarians rated the effectiveness of consulting the veterinarian on biosecurity significantly more highly than dairy farmers, suggesting a greater need for veterinarians to promote their services on-farm. Still, both groups rated it as a practical measure, suggesting that the farmer-veterinarian relationship holds some advantages for the promotion of biosecurity. SN - 1525-3198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28088420/Exploring_expert_opinion_on_the_practicality_and_effectiveness_of_biosecurity_measures_on_dairy_farms_in_the_United_Kingdom_using_choice_modeling_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0302(17)30014-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -