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Investigating Physical, Psychological and Social Well-being of Older Persons in Jordan.
Curr Aging Sci. 2017; 10(3):217-223.CA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Older persons are overwhelmed with psychological stressors due to requirements related to the management of their health problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate physical, psychological and social wellbeing of older persons.

METHOD

Cross-sectional explorative design used convenience sample of 1058 older persons in Jordan. Data was collected in regard to physical, psychological and social wellbeing using selfreported format.

RESULTS

The three most bothered physical symptoms are; pain in arms, legs, or joints; feeling tired or having low energy; and back pain with percentages of 71.5% (n=756), 69.6% (n=737), and 62.2% (n=754), respectively. Older persons had slight to mild level of depression (M = 17.9, SD = 7.7), moderate to high level of life satisfaction (M=24.1, SD=5.6), moderate level perception of social support, and mild to moderate level psychological distress (M = 39.1 (SD = 11.3). Depression among participants has significant and positive association with sleep disturbance (r = .21, p < .001), psychological distress level (r =.50, p <.001). There was a significant difference between males and females in depression (t = -4.40, p <.001), psychological distress (t = -3.38, p <.001), life satisfaction (t = 2.09, p = .04) and sleep disturbances (t = -2.16, p = .03).

CONCLUSION

Older persons are in need for periodic assessment for their psychosocial wellbeing in their routine checkups and visits to outpatients units. Research is needed to investigate impact of psychological and social wellbeing on other biological and health care related issues such as access and utilization of care and quality of life among older persons.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan.School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan.Pittsburgh University - School of Nursing Pittsburgh, PA, United States.School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan.School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28088895

Citation

Hamdan Mansour, Ayman M., et al. "Investigating Physical, Psychological and Social Well-being of Older Persons in Jordan." Current Aging Science, vol. 10, no. 3, 2017, pp. 217-223.
Hamdan Mansour AM, Shehadeh JH, Puskar K, et al. Investigating Physical, Psychological and Social Well-being of Older Persons in Jordan. Curr Aging Sci. 2017;10(3):217-223.
Hamdan Mansour, A. M., Shehadeh, J. H., Puskar, K., El-Hneiti, M., & Haourani, E. M. (2017). Investigating Physical, Psychological and Social Well-being of Older Persons in Jordan. Current Aging Science, 10(3), 217-223. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874609810666170113093307
Hamdan Mansour AM, et al. Investigating Physical, Psychological and Social Well-being of Older Persons in Jordan. Curr Aging Sci. 2017;10(3):217-223. PubMed PMID: 28088895.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Investigating Physical, Psychological and Social Well-being of Older Persons in Jordan. AU - Hamdan Mansour,Ayman M, AU - Shehadeh,Jumana H, AU - Puskar,Kathryn, AU - El-Hneiti,Mamdouh, AU - Haourani,Eman M, PY - 2016/09/18/received PY - 2016/12/16/revised PY - 2017/01/05/accepted PY - 2017/1/17/pubmed PY - 2018/5/15/medline PY - 2017/1/17/entrez KW - Older person KW - depression KW - life satisfaction KW - sleep disturbances KW - social support KW - stress SP - 217 EP - 223 JF - Current aging science JO - Curr Aging Sci VL - 10 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Older persons are overwhelmed with psychological stressors due to requirements related to the management of their health problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate physical, psychological and social wellbeing of older persons. METHOD: Cross-sectional explorative design used convenience sample of 1058 older persons in Jordan. Data was collected in regard to physical, psychological and social wellbeing using selfreported format. RESULTS: The three most bothered physical symptoms are; pain in arms, legs, or joints; feeling tired or having low energy; and back pain with percentages of 71.5% (n=756), 69.6% (n=737), and 62.2% (n=754), respectively. Older persons had slight to mild level of depression (M = 17.9, SD = 7.7), moderate to high level of life satisfaction (M=24.1, SD=5.6), moderate level perception of social support, and mild to moderate level psychological distress (M = 39.1 (SD = 11.3). Depression among participants has significant and positive association with sleep disturbance (r = .21, p < .001), psychological distress level (r =.50, p <.001). There was a significant difference between males and females in depression (t = -4.40, p <.001), psychological distress (t = -3.38, p <.001), life satisfaction (t = 2.09, p = .04) and sleep disturbances (t = -2.16, p = .03). CONCLUSION: Older persons are in need for periodic assessment for their psychosocial wellbeing in their routine checkups and visits to outpatients units. Research is needed to investigate impact of psychological and social wellbeing on other biological and health care related issues such as access and utilization of care and quality of life among older persons. SN - 1874-6128 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28088895/Investigating_Physical_Psychological_and_Social_Well_being_of_Older_Persons_in_Jordan_ L2 - http://www.eurekaselect.com/149219/article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -