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Do Thai Physicians Recommend Seasonal Influenza Vaccines to Pregnant Women? A Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians' Perspectives and Practices in Thailand.
PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0169221.Plos

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Physicians play a major role in influencing acceptance and uptake of vaccines. However, little is known about physicians' perspectives on influenza vaccination of pregnant women in Thailand, for whom vaccine coverage is estimated at <1%.

METHOD

In 2013, a self-administered questionnaire on physicians' perceptions, attitudes and practices related to influenza vaccination for pregnant women was distributed to 1,134 hospitals with an antenatal care clinic (ANC) in Thailand. At each hospital, one physician working at the ANC completed the survey. Predictors of routine recommendation of influenza vaccine were analyzed utilizing log-binomial regression.

RESULTS

A total of 580 (51%) complete responses were received from physicians practicing at ANCs. A favorable attitude towards vaccination was expressed by 436 (75%) physicians, however only 142 (25%) reported routinely recommending influenza vaccine to pregnant women in their current practice. Physicians were more likely to recommend influenza vaccine routinely when they had more than three years of practice (prevalence ratio [PR] 1.9, 95% CI 1.2-2.3), had treated pregnant women for influenza (PR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.7), perceived the influenza vaccine to be effective (moderate level: PR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.4; high level: PR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.9) and were aware of the Ministry of Public Health's (MOPH) recommendation of influenza vaccination in pregnancy (PR 1.3, 95% CI 1.1-1.7). Vaccine not being available, perception that policy was ambiguous and lack of awareness of MOPH recommendations were the most commonly cited barriers to routine recommendation of influenza vaccine.

CONCLUSION

Despite a national policy to vaccinate pregnant women for influenza, only 25% of Thai physicians working in ANCs routinely recommend vaccination. Strategies are needed to increase vaccine availability and free vaccine services, address clinician concerns over vaccine effectiveness and expand healthcare provider awareness of MOPH recommendations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Influenza Program, Thailand Ministry of Public Health, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand.Influenza Program, Thailand Ministry of Public Health, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand.Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.Influenza Program, Thailand Ministry of Public Health, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand. Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.National Vaccine Institute (public organization), Nonthaburi, Thailand.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28099486

Citation

Praphasiri, Prabda, et al. "Do Thai Physicians Recommend Seasonal Influenza Vaccines to Pregnant Women? a Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians' Perspectives and Practices in Thailand." PloS One, vol. 12, no. 1, 2017, pp. e0169221.
Praphasiri P, Ditsungneon D, Greenbaum A, et al. Do Thai Physicians Recommend Seasonal Influenza Vaccines to Pregnant Women? A Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians' Perspectives and Practices in Thailand. PLoS One. 2017;12(1):e0169221.
Praphasiri, P., Ditsungneon, D., Greenbaum, A., Dawood, F. S., Yoocharoen, P., Stone, D. M., Olsen, S. J., Lindblade, K. A., & Muangchana, C. (2017). Do Thai Physicians Recommend Seasonal Influenza Vaccines to Pregnant Women? A Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians' Perspectives and Practices in Thailand. PloS One, 12(1), e0169221. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169221
Praphasiri P, et al. Do Thai Physicians Recommend Seasonal Influenza Vaccines to Pregnant Women? a Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians' Perspectives and Practices in Thailand. PLoS One. 2017;12(1):e0169221. PubMed PMID: 28099486.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do Thai Physicians Recommend Seasonal Influenza Vaccines to Pregnant Women? A Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians' Perspectives and Practices in Thailand. AU - Praphasiri,Prabda, AU - Ditsungneon,Darunee, AU - Greenbaum,Adena, AU - Dawood,Fatimah S, AU - Yoocharoen,Pornsak, AU - Stone,Deborah M, AU - Olsen,Sonja J, AU - Lindblade,Kim A, AU - Muangchana,Charung, Y1 - 2017/01/18/ PY - 2016/08/25/received PY - 2016/12/13/accepted PY - 2017/1/19/entrez PY - 2017/1/19/pubmed PY - 2017/8/15/medline SP - e0169221 EP - e0169221 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 12 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Physicians play a major role in influencing acceptance and uptake of vaccines. However, little is known about physicians' perspectives on influenza vaccination of pregnant women in Thailand, for whom vaccine coverage is estimated at <1%. METHOD: In 2013, a self-administered questionnaire on physicians' perceptions, attitudes and practices related to influenza vaccination for pregnant women was distributed to 1,134 hospitals with an antenatal care clinic (ANC) in Thailand. At each hospital, one physician working at the ANC completed the survey. Predictors of routine recommendation of influenza vaccine were analyzed utilizing log-binomial regression. RESULTS: A total of 580 (51%) complete responses were received from physicians practicing at ANCs. A favorable attitude towards vaccination was expressed by 436 (75%) physicians, however only 142 (25%) reported routinely recommending influenza vaccine to pregnant women in their current practice. Physicians were more likely to recommend influenza vaccine routinely when they had more than three years of practice (prevalence ratio [PR] 1.9, 95% CI 1.2-2.3), had treated pregnant women for influenza (PR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.7), perceived the influenza vaccine to be effective (moderate level: PR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.4; high level: PR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.9) and were aware of the Ministry of Public Health's (MOPH) recommendation of influenza vaccination in pregnancy (PR 1.3, 95% CI 1.1-1.7). Vaccine not being available, perception that policy was ambiguous and lack of awareness of MOPH recommendations were the most commonly cited barriers to routine recommendation of influenza vaccine. CONCLUSION: Despite a national policy to vaccinate pregnant women for influenza, only 25% of Thai physicians working in ANCs routinely recommend vaccination. Strategies are needed to increase vaccine availability and free vaccine services, address clinician concerns over vaccine effectiveness and expand healthcare provider awareness of MOPH recommendations. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28099486/Do_Thai_Physicians_Recommend_Seasonal_Influenza_Vaccines_to_Pregnant_Women_A_Cross_Sectional_Survey_of_Physicians'_Perspectives_and_Practices_in_Thailand_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169221 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -