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Phenolic wastewaters depuration by electrochemical oxidation process using Ti/IrO2 anodes.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017 Mar; 24(8):7521-7533.ES

Abstract

The electrochemical oxidation (EO) of phenolic wastewaters mimicking olive oil mill effluents was carried out in a batch stirring reactor using Ti/IrO2 anodes, varying the nature (NaCl and Na2SO4) and electrolyte concentration (1.8-20 g L-1), current density (57-119 mA cm-2) and initial pH (3.4-9). Phenolic content (TPh) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals were monitored as a function of applied charge and over time. The nature of the electrolyte greatly affected the efficiency of the system, followed by the influence of the current density. The NaCl concentration and the initial pH influenced the process in a lesser extent. The best operating conditions achieved were 10 g L-1 of NaCl, current density of 119 mA cm-2 and initial pH of 3.4. These parameters led to 100 and 84.8% of TPh and COD removal, respectively. Under these conditions, some morphological differences were observed by SEM on the surface of the anode after treatment. To study the potential toxicity of the synthetic effluent in neuronal activity, this mixture was applied to rat brain slices prior to and after EO. The results indicate that although the treated effluent causes a smaller depression of the neuronal reactive oxygen species (ROS) signal than the untreated one, it leads to a potentiation instead of recovery, upon washout. Furthermore, the purification of a real olive mill wastewater (OMW), with the organic load of the synthetic effluent, using the same optimised operating conditions, achieved total phenolic compounds abatement and 62.8% of COD removal.This study demonstrates the applicability of this EO as a pre-treatment process of a real effluent, in order to achieve the legal limit values to be discharged into natural streams regarding its organic load.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Chemical Process Engineering and Forest Products Research Centre, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Coimbra, P3030 790, Coimbra, Portugal. sofiafajardo@eq.uc.pt.Chemical Process Engineering and Forest Products Research Centre, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Coimbra, P3030 790, Coimbra, Portugal.Chemical Process Engineering and Forest Products Research Centre, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Coimbra, P3030 790, Coimbra, Portugal.Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, P3004 516, Coimbra, Portugal.Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, P3004 516, Coimbra, Portugal.Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, P3004 516, Coimbra, Portugal. Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, P3004 504, Coimbra, Portugal.Chemical Process Engineering and Forest Products Research Centre, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Coimbra, P3030 790, Coimbra, Portugal.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28116623

Citation

Fajardo, Ana S., et al. "Phenolic Wastewaters Depuration By Electrochemical Oxidation Process Using Ti/IrO2 Anodes." Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, vol. 24, no. 8, 2017, pp. 7521-7533.
Fajardo AS, Seca HF, Martins RC, et al. Phenolic wastewaters depuration by electrochemical oxidation process using Ti/IrO2 anodes. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24(8):7521-7533.
Fajardo, A. S., Seca, H. F., Martins, R. C., Corceiro, V. N., Vieira, J. P., Quinta-Ferreira, M. E., & Quinta-Ferreira, R. M. (2017). Phenolic wastewaters depuration by electrochemical oxidation process using Ti/IrO2 anodes. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 24(8), 7521-7533. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8431-9
Fajardo AS, et al. Phenolic Wastewaters Depuration By Electrochemical Oxidation Process Using Ti/IrO2 Anodes. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24(8):7521-7533. PubMed PMID: 28116623.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phenolic wastewaters depuration by electrochemical oxidation process using Ti/IrO2 anodes. AU - Fajardo,Ana S, AU - Seca,Helga F, AU - Martins,Rui C, AU - Corceiro,Vanessa N, AU - Vieira,João P, AU - Quinta-Ferreira,M Emília, AU - Quinta-Ferreira,Rosa M, Y1 - 2017/01/23/ PY - 2016/10/07/received PY - 2017/01/09/accepted PY - 2017/1/25/pubmed PY - 2017/6/6/medline PY - 2017/1/25/entrez KW - Electrochemical oxidation KW - H2DCFDA KW - NaCl KW - Neuronal toxicity KW - Olive mill wastewater KW - Phenolic acid KW - ROS KW - Ti/IrO2 SP - 7521 EP - 7533 JF - Environmental science and pollution research international JO - Environ Sci Pollut Res Int VL - 24 IS - 8 N2 - The electrochemical oxidation (EO) of phenolic wastewaters mimicking olive oil mill effluents was carried out in a batch stirring reactor using Ti/IrO2 anodes, varying the nature (NaCl and Na2SO4) and electrolyte concentration (1.8-20 g L-1), current density (57-119 mA cm-2) and initial pH (3.4-9). Phenolic content (TPh) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals were monitored as a function of applied charge and over time. The nature of the electrolyte greatly affected the efficiency of the system, followed by the influence of the current density. The NaCl concentration and the initial pH influenced the process in a lesser extent. The best operating conditions achieved were 10 g L-1 of NaCl, current density of 119 mA cm-2 and initial pH of 3.4. These parameters led to 100 and 84.8% of TPh and COD removal, respectively. Under these conditions, some morphological differences were observed by SEM on the surface of the anode after treatment. To study the potential toxicity of the synthetic effluent in neuronal activity, this mixture was applied to rat brain slices prior to and after EO. The results indicate that although the treated effluent causes a smaller depression of the neuronal reactive oxygen species (ROS) signal than the untreated one, it leads to a potentiation instead of recovery, upon washout. Furthermore, the purification of a real olive mill wastewater (OMW), with the organic load of the synthetic effluent, using the same optimised operating conditions, achieved total phenolic compounds abatement and 62.8% of COD removal.This study demonstrates the applicability of this EO as a pre-treatment process of a real effluent, in order to achieve the legal limit values to be discharged into natural streams regarding its organic load. SN - 1614-7499 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28116623/Phenolic_wastewaters_depuration_by_electrochemical_oxidation_process_using_Ti/IrO2_anodes_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8431-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -