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Global Distribution of Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis.
Adv Parasitol. 2017; 95:315-493.AP

Abstract

Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) and cystic echinococcosis (CE) are severe helminthic zoonoses. Echinococcus multilocularis (causative agent of AE) is widely distributed in the northern hemisphere where it is typically maintained in a wild animal cycle including canids as definitive hosts and rodents as intermediate hosts. The species Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus ortleppi, Echinococcus canadensis and Echinococcus intermedius are the causative agents of CE with a worldwide distribution and a highly variable human disease burden in the different endemic areas depending upon human behavioural risk factors, the diversity and ecology of animal host assemblages and the genetic diversity within Echinococcus species which differ in their zoonotic potential and pathogenicity. Both AE and CE are regarded as neglected zoonoses, with a higher overall burden of disease for CE due to its global distribution and high regional prevalence, but a higher pathogenicity and case fatality rate for AE, especially in Asia. Over the past two decades, numerous studies have addressed the epidemiology and distribution of these Echinococcus species worldwide, resulting in better-defined boundaries of the endemic areas. This chapter presents the global distribution of Echinococcus species and human AE and CE in maps and summarizes the global data on host assemblages, transmission, prevalence in animal definitive hosts, incidence in people and molecular epidemiology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy.The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.University of Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.Research centre of Hydatid Disease in Iran, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.Institute of Parasitology SAS, Kosice, Slovak Republic.University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada; University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.National School of Veterinary Medicine, Sidi Thabet, Tunisia.University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy.Meru University of Science and Technology, Meru, Kenya.Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA, Australia.University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28131365

Citation

Deplazes, P, et al. "Global Distribution of Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis." Advances in Parasitology, vol. 95, 2017, pp. 315-493.
Deplazes P, Rinaldi L, Alvarez Rojas CA, et al. Global Distribution of Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis. Adv Parasitol. 2017;95:315-493.
Deplazes, P., Rinaldi, L., Alvarez Rojas, C. A., Torgerson, P. R., Harandi, M. F., Romig, T., Antolova, D., Schurer, J. M., Lahmar, S., Cringoli, G., Magambo, J., Thompson, R. C., & Jenkins, E. J. (2017). Global Distribution of Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis. Advances in Parasitology, 95, 315-493. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.apar.2016.11.001
Deplazes P, et al. Global Distribution of Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis. Adv Parasitol. 2017;95:315-493. PubMed PMID: 28131365.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Global Distribution of Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis. AU - Deplazes,P, AU - Rinaldi,L, AU - Alvarez Rojas,C A, AU - Torgerson,P R, AU - Harandi,M F, AU - Romig,T, AU - Antolova,D, AU - Schurer,J M, AU - Lahmar,S, AU - Cringoli,G, AU - Magambo,J, AU - Thompson,R C A, AU - Jenkins,E J, Y1 - 2017/01/20/ PY - 2017/1/30/entrez PY - 2017/1/31/pubmed PY - 2017/3/11/medline KW - E. canadensis KW - E. equinus KW - E. intermedius KW - E. ortleppi KW - Echinococcus granulosus KW - Echinococcus multilocularis KW - Host assemblages KW - Maps KW - Molecular epidemiology KW - Transmission SP - 315 EP - 493 JF - Advances in parasitology JO - Adv. Parasitol. VL - 95 N2 - Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) and cystic echinococcosis (CE) are severe helminthic zoonoses. Echinococcus multilocularis (causative agent of AE) is widely distributed in the northern hemisphere where it is typically maintained in a wild animal cycle including canids as definitive hosts and rodents as intermediate hosts. The species Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus ortleppi, Echinococcus canadensis and Echinococcus intermedius are the causative agents of CE with a worldwide distribution and a highly variable human disease burden in the different endemic areas depending upon human behavioural risk factors, the diversity and ecology of animal host assemblages and the genetic diversity within Echinococcus species which differ in their zoonotic potential and pathogenicity. Both AE and CE are regarded as neglected zoonoses, with a higher overall burden of disease for CE due to its global distribution and high regional prevalence, but a higher pathogenicity and case fatality rate for AE, especially in Asia. Over the past two decades, numerous studies have addressed the epidemiology and distribution of these Echinococcus species worldwide, resulting in better-defined boundaries of the endemic areas. This chapter presents the global distribution of Echinococcus species and human AE and CE in maps and summarizes the global data on host assemblages, transmission, prevalence in animal definitive hosts, incidence in people and molecular epidemiology. SN - 2163-6079 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28131365/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0065-308X(16)30104-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -