Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Muscular Strength Adaptations and Hormonal Responses After Two Different Multiple-Set Protocols of Resistance Training in Postmenopausal Women.
J Strength Cond Res. 2019 May; 33(5):1276-1285.JS

Abstract

Nunes, PRP, Barcelos, LC, Oliveira, AA, Furlanetto, R, Martins, FM, Resende, EAMR, and Orsatti, FL. Muscular strength adaptations and hormonal responses after two different multiple-set protocols of resistance training in postmenopausal women. J Strength Cond Res 33(5): 1276-1285, 2019-We studied the effects of 2 different resistance training (RT) multiple-set protocols (3 and 6 sets) on muscle strength and basal hormones concentrations in postmenopausal women (PW). Postmenopausal women were randomly allocated into 3 groups: control (CT, n = 12), low RT volume (LV = 3 sets for each exercise, n = 10), and high RT volume (HV = 6 sets for each exercise, n = 12). The LV and HV groups performed 8 exercises of a total body RT protocol 3 times a week, at 70% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) for 16 weeks. Muscle strength and basal hormone concentrations were measured before and after RT. Our findings show that 3 sets or 6 sets at 70% of 1RM protocol increased muscular strength similarly after 16 weeks (sum of all exercises, LV: 37.7% and HV: 34.1% vs. CT: 2.1%, p < 0.001). Moreover, the RT volume does not affect basal levels of testosterone (TT) (LV: 0.02%, HV: -0.12%, and CT: 0.006%, p = 0.233), cortisol (C) (LV: 72.4%, HV: 36.8%, and CT: 16.8%, p = 0.892), insulin-like growth factor-1 (LV: 6.7%, HV: 7.3%, and CT: 4.1%, p = 0.802), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (LV: 0.1%, HV: -4.5%, and CT: -6.7%, p = 0.885), and TT:C ratio (LV: -0.9%, HV: -1.6%, and CT: -0.4%, p = 0.429). Our results suggest that 3 sets and 6 sets at 70% of 1RM seem to promote similar muscle strength gain. Thus, 3-set RT is a time efficient protocol for strength gain after 16 weeks in PW.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx), Health Science Institute, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx), Health Science Institute, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx), Health Science Institute, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx), Health Science Institute, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx), Health Science Institute, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx), Health Science Institute, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Exercise Biology Laboratory (BioEx), Health Science Institute, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Department of Sport Sciences, Health Science Institute, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28135215

Citation

Nunes, Paulo R P., et al. "Muscular Strength Adaptations and Hormonal Responses After Two Different Multiple-Set Protocols of Resistance Training in Postmenopausal Women." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 33, no. 5, 2019, pp. 1276-1285.
Nunes PRP, Barcelos LC, Oliveira AA, et al. Muscular Strength Adaptations and Hormonal Responses After Two Different Multiple-Set Protocols of Resistance Training in Postmenopausal Women. J Strength Cond Res. 2019;33(5):1276-1285.
Nunes, P. R. P., Barcelos, L. C., Oliveira, A. A., Furlanetto, R., Martins, F. M., Resende, E. A. M. R., & Orsatti, F. L. (2019). Muscular Strength Adaptations and Hormonal Responses After Two Different Multiple-Set Protocols of Resistance Training in Postmenopausal Women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 33(5), 1276-1285. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001788
Nunes PRP, et al. Muscular Strength Adaptations and Hormonal Responses After Two Different Multiple-Set Protocols of Resistance Training in Postmenopausal Women. J Strength Cond Res. 2019;33(5):1276-1285. PubMed PMID: 28135215.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Muscular Strength Adaptations and Hormonal Responses After Two Different Multiple-Set Protocols of Resistance Training in Postmenopausal Women. AU - Nunes,Paulo R P, AU - Barcelos,Larissa C, AU - Oliveira,Anselmo A, AU - Furlanetto,Roberto,Jr AU - Martins,Fernanda M, AU - Resende,Elizabete A M R, AU - Orsatti,Fábio L, PY - 2017/1/31/pubmed PY - 2019/7/10/medline PY - 2017/1/31/entrez SP - 1276 EP - 1285 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 33 IS - 5 N2 - Nunes, PRP, Barcelos, LC, Oliveira, AA, Furlanetto, R, Martins, FM, Resende, EAMR, and Orsatti, FL. Muscular strength adaptations and hormonal responses after two different multiple-set protocols of resistance training in postmenopausal women. J Strength Cond Res 33(5): 1276-1285, 2019-We studied the effects of 2 different resistance training (RT) multiple-set protocols (3 and 6 sets) on muscle strength and basal hormones concentrations in postmenopausal women (PW). Postmenopausal women were randomly allocated into 3 groups: control (CT, n = 12), low RT volume (LV = 3 sets for each exercise, n = 10), and high RT volume (HV = 6 sets for each exercise, n = 12). The LV and HV groups performed 8 exercises of a total body RT protocol 3 times a week, at 70% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) for 16 weeks. Muscle strength and basal hormone concentrations were measured before and after RT. Our findings show that 3 sets or 6 sets at 70% of 1RM protocol increased muscular strength similarly after 16 weeks (sum of all exercises, LV: 37.7% and HV: 34.1% vs. CT: 2.1%, p < 0.001). Moreover, the RT volume does not affect basal levels of testosterone (TT) (LV: 0.02%, HV: -0.12%, and CT: 0.006%, p = 0.233), cortisol (C) (LV: 72.4%, HV: 36.8%, and CT: 16.8%, p = 0.892), insulin-like growth factor-1 (LV: 6.7%, HV: 7.3%, and CT: 4.1%, p = 0.802), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (LV: 0.1%, HV: -4.5%, and CT: -6.7%, p = 0.885), and TT:C ratio (LV: -0.9%, HV: -1.6%, and CT: -0.4%, p = 0.429). Our results suggest that 3 sets and 6 sets at 70% of 1RM seem to promote similar muscle strength gain. Thus, 3-set RT is a time efficient protocol for strength gain after 16 weeks in PW. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28135215/Muscular_Strength_Adaptations_and_Hormonal_Responses_After_Two_Different_Multiple_Set_Protocols_of_Resistance_Training_in_Postmenopausal_Women_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001788 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -