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Impact of military trauma exposures on posttraumatic stress and depression in female veterans.
Psychiatry Res. 2017 Mar; 249:281-285.PR

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated the deleterious effects of traumatic military experiences on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in female veterans. However, more research is needed to identify the unique predictors of distressing psychological symptoms when both combat-related and sexual trauma are considered, particularly as women's combat exposure in the military increases. Female veterans who had attended at least one appointment at a large Veterans Health Administration medical center were invited to complete questionnaires about traumatic military exposures and psychiatric symptoms. A total of 403 veterans responded, with 383 respondents' data used in analyses. Multiple regression analyses were conducted with trauma exposure items entered simultaneously to determine their association with symptoms of (1) PTSD and (2) depression. Sexual assault had the strongest relationship with both posttraumatic and depressive symptoms. Sexual assault, sexual harassment, feeling in danger of being killed, and seeing others killed/injured were associated with symptoms of PTSD, but only sexual assault and sexual harassment were associated with symptoms of depression, even when accounting for several aspects of combat exposure. Improving assessment for trauma exposure and developing treatments personalized to type of trauma experienced are important clinical research priorities as female service members' roles in the military expand.

Authors+Show Affiliations

San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: Lizabeth.Goldstein2@va.gov.San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA.San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA.San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28135599

Citation

Goldstein, Lizabeth A., et al. "Impact of Military Trauma Exposures On Posttraumatic Stress and Depression in Female Veterans." Psychiatry Research, vol. 249, 2017, pp. 281-285.
Goldstein LA, Dinh J, Donalson R, et al. Impact of military trauma exposures on posttraumatic stress and depression in female veterans. Psychiatry Res. 2017;249:281-285.
Goldstein, L. A., Dinh, J., Donalson, R., Hebenstreit, C. L., & Maguen, S. (2017). Impact of military trauma exposures on posttraumatic stress and depression in female veterans. Psychiatry Research, 249, 281-285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.009
Goldstein LA, et al. Impact of Military Trauma Exposures On Posttraumatic Stress and Depression in Female Veterans. Psychiatry Res. 2017;249:281-285. PubMed PMID: 28135599.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of military trauma exposures on posttraumatic stress and depression in female veterans. AU - Goldstein,Lizabeth A, AU - Dinh,Julie, AU - Donalson,Rosemary, AU - Hebenstreit,Claire L, AU - Maguen,Shira, Y1 - 2017/01/04/ PY - 2016/07/14/received PY - 2016/10/28/revised PY - 2017/01/03/accepted PY - 2017/1/31/pubmed PY - 2017/11/9/medline PY - 2017/1/31/entrez KW - Combat KW - Military sexual trauma KW - PTSD KW - Veterans KW - Women SP - 281 EP - 285 JF - Psychiatry research JO - Psychiatry Res VL - 249 N2 - Previous research has demonstrated the deleterious effects of traumatic military experiences on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in female veterans. However, more research is needed to identify the unique predictors of distressing psychological symptoms when both combat-related and sexual trauma are considered, particularly as women's combat exposure in the military increases. Female veterans who had attended at least one appointment at a large Veterans Health Administration medical center were invited to complete questionnaires about traumatic military exposures and psychiatric symptoms. A total of 403 veterans responded, with 383 respondents' data used in analyses. Multiple regression analyses were conducted with trauma exposure items entered simultaneously to determine their association with symptoms of (1) PTSD and (2) depression. Sexual assault had the strongest relationship with both posttraumatic and depressive symptoms. Sexual assault, sexual harassment, feeling in danger of being killed, and seeing others killed/injured were associated with symptoms of PTSD, but only sexual assault and sexual harassment were associated with symptoms of depression, even when accounting for several aspects of combat exposure. Improving assessment for trauma exposure and developing treatments personalized to type of trauma experienced are important clinical research priorities as female service members' roles in the military expand. SN - 1872-7123 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28135599/Impact_of_military_trauma_exposures_on_posttraumatic_stress_and_depression_in_female_veterans_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-1781(16)31178-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -