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Verbal instructions targeting valence alter negative conditional stimulus evaluations (but do not affect reinstatement rates).
Cogn Emot. 2018 02; 32(1):61-80.CE

Abstract

Negative conditional stimulus (CS) valence acquired during fear conditioning may enhance fear relapse and is difficult to remove as it extinguishes slowly and does not respond to the instruction that unconditional stimulus (US) presentations will cease. We examined whether instructions targeting CS valence would be more effective. In Experiment 1, an image of one person (CS+) was paired with an aversive US, while another (CS-) was presented alone. After acquisition, participants were given positive information about the CS+ poser and negative information about the CS- poser. Instructions reversed the pattern of differential CS valence present during acquisition and eliminated differential electrodermal responding. In Experiment 2, we compared positive and negative CS revaluation by providing positive/negative information about the CS+ and neutral information about CS-. After positive revaluation, differential valence was removed and differential electrodermal responding remained intact. After negative revaluation, differential valence was strengthened and differential electrodermal responding was eliminated. Unexpectedly, the instructions did not affect the reinstatement of differential electrodermal responding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a School of Psychology and Speech Pathology , Curtin University , Perth , Australia. b ARC-SRI: Science of Learning Research Centre , Brisbane , Australia.a School of Psychology and Speech Pathology , Curtin University , Perth , Australia. b ARC-SRI: Science of Learning Research Centre , Brisbane , Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28141482

Citation

Luck, Camilla C., and Ottmar V. Lipp. "Verbal Instructions Targeting Valence Alter Negative Conditional Stimulus Evaluations (but Do Not Affect Reinstatement Rates)." Cognition & Emotion, vol. 32, no. 1, 2018, pp. 61-80.
Luck CC, Lipp OV. Verbal instructions targeting valence alter negative conditional stimulus evaluations (but do not affect reinstatement rates). Cogn Emot. 2018;32(1):61-80.
Luck, C. C., & Lipp, O. V. (2018). Verbal instructions targeting valence alter negative conditional stimulus evaluations (but do not affect reinstatement rates). Cognition & Emotion, 32(1), 61-80. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2017.1280449
Luck CC, Lipp OV. Verbal Instructions Targeting Valence Alter Negative Conditional Stimulus Evaluations (but Do Not Affect Reinstatement Rates). Cogn Emot. 2018;32(1):61-80. PubMed PMID: 28141482.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Verbal instructions targeting valence alter negative conditional stimulus evaluations (but do not affect reinstatement rates). AU - Luck,Camilla C, AU - Lipp,Ottmar V, Y1 - 2017/01/31/ PY - 2017/2/1/pubmed PY - 2019/9/24/medline PY - 2017/2/1/entrez KW - Fear conditioning KW - cognitive intervention KW - conditional stimulus valence KW - electrodermal responding KW - reinstatement SP - 61 EP - 80 JF - Cognition & emotion JO - Cogn Emot VL - 32 IS - 1 N2 - Negative conditional stimulus (CS) valence acquired during fear conditioning may enhance fear relapse and is difficult to remove as it extinguishes slowly and does not respond to the instruction that unconditional stimulus (US) presentations will cease. We examined whether instructions targeting CS valence would be more effective. In Experiment 1, an image of one person (CS+) was paired with an aversive US, while another (CS-) was presented alone. After acquisition, participants were given positive information about the CS+ poser and negative information about the CS- poser. Instructions reversed the pattern of differential CS valence present during acquisition and eliminated differential electrodermal responding. In Experiment 2, we compared positive and negative CS revaluation by providing positive/negative information about the CS+ and neutral information about CS-. After positive revaluation, differential valence was removed and differential electrodermal responding remained intact. After negative revaluation, differential valence was strengthened and differential electrodermal responding was eliminated. Unexpectedly, the instructions did not affect the reinstatement of differential electrodermal responding. SN - 1464-0600 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28141482/Verbal_instructions_targeting_valence_alter_negative_conditional_stimulus_evaluations__but_do_not_affect_reinstatement_rates__ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02699931.2017.1280449 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -