Syringomyelia with Arnold Chiari I malformation: a report of four cases.Singapore Med J. 1989 Aug; 30(4):376-9.SM
4 cases of syringomyelia with type I Arnold Chiari malformation was seen presenting mainly with dissociated sensory loss, weakness of hands and upper motor neurone signs in the lower limbs. The first patient improved with posterior fossa decompression. The second and fourth patient appeared not to have improved after surgery, and the third case refused operation. One patient showed cord atrophy on myelogram presumably due to a collapse of the syrinx. One of the patients was unusual in that the syrinx extended down to segment T11. Magnetic resonance imaging of the posterior fossa and the cervical cord, to date, is the most useful procedure for diagnosis.