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Curbing the DUI offender's self-efficacy to drink and drive: A laboratory study.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 Mar 01; 172:73-79.DA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

People arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) are at high risk to reoffend. One reason for this high rate of recidivism among DUI offenders is that these individuals systematically underestimate the degree to which alcohol impairs their ability to drive. This study compared perceived and objective driving ability following alcohol and performance feedback in drivers with and without a history of DUI.

METHOD

Adult drivers with (n=20) and without (n=20) a history of DUI arrest attended two dose challenge sessions where they received 0.64g/kg alcohol or placebo, completed a simulated driving task, and provided measures of subjective impairment. They attended a third retesting session where they received feedback that they were impaired by alcohol. They received 0.64g/kg alcohol and their objective and perceived driving ability was retested.

RESULTS

Both groups showed significant impairment of driving performance following 0.64g/kg alcohol compared to placebo. DUI offenders rated themselves as less impaired than controls. After performance feedback, self-reported impairment during the alcohol retest increased for DUI offenders but not for controls. There was no effect of performance feedback on objective driving ability.

CONCLUSIONS

These results support the notion that under alcohol DUI offenders characteristically perceive themselves as better able to drive than non-offenders. These perceptions can be tempered by performance feedback. To the extent that perceived ability to drive safely after drinking contributes to DUI and its recidivism, feedback geared towards lowering this self-efficacy could reduce willingness to engage in this behavior.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Yale School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, 2 Church Street South, Suite 109, New Haven, CT, 06519, United States.University of Kentucky, Department of Psychology, 115 Kastle Hall, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40506, United States. Electronic address: fillmore@uky.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28152449

Citation

Roberts, Walter, and Mark T. Fillmore. "Curbing the DUI Offender's Self-efficacy to Drink and Drive: a Laboratory Study." Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 172, 2017, pp. 73-79.
Roberts W, Fillmore MT. Curbing the DUI offender's self-efficacy to drink and drive: A laboratory study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017;172:73-79.
Roberts, W., & Fillmore, M. T. (2017). Curbing the DUI offender's self-efficacy to drink and drive: A laboratory study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 172, 73-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.12.005
Roberts W, Fillmore MT. Curbing the DUI Offender's Self-efficacy to Drink and Drive: a Laboratory Study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 Mar 1;172:73-79. PubMed PMID: 28152449.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Curbing the DUI offender's self-efficacy to drink and drive: A laboratory study. AU - Roberts,Walter, AU - Fillmore,Mark T, Y1 - 2017/01/17/ PY - 2016/08/15/received PY - 2016/11/23/revised PY - 2016/12/04/accepted PY - 2017/2/6/pubmed PY - 2017/10/3/medline PY - 2017/2/3/entrez KW - Alcohol KW - DUI KW - Driving KW - Self-efficacy KW - Subjective impairment SP - 73 EP - 79 JF - Drug and alcohol dependence JO - Drug Alcohol Depend VL - 172 N2 - BACKGROUND: People arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) are at high risk to reoffend. One reason for this high rate of recidivism among DUI offenders is that these individuals systematically underestimate the degree to which alcohol impairs their ability to drive. This study compared perceived and objective driving ability following alcohol and performance feedback in drivers with and without a history of DUI. METHOD: Adult drivers with (n=20) and without (n=20) a history of DUI arrest attended two dose challenge sessions where they received 0.64g/kg alcohol or placebo, completed a simulated driving task, and provided measures of subjective impairment. They attended a third retesting session where they received feedback that they were impaired by alcohol. They received 0.64g/kg alcohol and their objective and perceived driving ability was retested. RESULTS: Both groups showed significant impairment of driving performance following 0.64g/kg alcohol compared to placebo. DUI offenders rated themselves as less impaired than controls. After performance feedback, self-reported impairment during the alcohol retest increased for DUI offenders but not for controls. There was no effect of performance feedback on objective driving ability. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the notion that under alcohol DUI offenders characteristically perceive themselves as better able to drive than non-offenders. These perceptions can be tempered by performance feedback. To the extent that perceived ability to drive safely after drinking contributes to DUI and its recidivism, feedback geared towards lowering this self-efficacy could reduce willingness to engage in this behavior. SN - 1879-0046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28152449/Curbing_the_DUI_offender's_self_efficacy_to_drink_and_drive:_A_laboratory_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0376-8716(17)30021-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -