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[Relation between ultrasonographic characteristics of pathologic myopia posterior staphyloma and retinoschisis].
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2017; 53(1):46-52ZY

Abstract

Objective:

To study the ultrasonographic characteristics of pathologic myopia posterior staphyloma and the relation with retinoschisis.

Methods:

Retrospective case series study. Eighty-seven eyes of 66 pathologic myopia patients with posterior staphyloma were included. Staphyloma morphology and anteroposterior axis of the eyeball were observed by B-scan ultrasonography. Optical coherence tomography was used to explore the retinoschisis.

Results:

Arc-shaped (10.35%), cone-shaped (22.99%), wedge-shaped (33.33%) and rectangle-shaped (33.33%) posterior staphylomas were found by B-scan ultrasonography. Posterior pole or macular retinoschisis was found by optical coherence tomography in 65 eyes (74.71%), 56 of which (86.15%) were observed to have a rough posterior ocular wall or membranoid attachment by ultrasonography. The anteroposterior axis of arc-shaped posterior staphyloma was shorter than that of staphylomas in the other shapes. Posterior staphyloma morphology was related to retinoschisis(r=0.385, 0.406. P<0.01). The retinoschisis was at the macula in 80.00% of cone-shaped posterior staphyloma, at the wedge-shaped corner in 75.00% of wedge-shaped posterior staphyloma and at the rectangle-shaped corner in 62.50% of rectangle-shaped posterior staphyloma.

Conclusions:

It is hard to discover retinoschisis of pathologic myopia posterior staphyloma by ophthalmoscopy. Morphologic characters of posterior staphyloma and conditions of posterior eyewall can be showed directly under ultrasonographic examination. B-scan ultrasonography may provide a diagnostic basis for pathologic myopia retinoschisis. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 46-52).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Henan Eye Institute, Henan Eye Hospital, Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Zhengzhou University People's Hospital, Zhengzhou 450003, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

28162199

Citation

Liu, Q, et al. "[Relation Between Ultrasonographic Characteristics of Pathologic Myopia Posterior Staphyloma and Retinoschisis]." [Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 53, no. 1, 2017, pp. 46-52.
Liu Q, Li SY, Chen X. [Relation between ultrasonographic characteristics of pathologic myopia posterior staphyloma and retinoschisis]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2017;53(1):46-52.
Liu, Q., Li, S. Y., & Chen, X. (2017). [Relation between ultrasonographic characteristics of pathologic myopia posterior staphyloma and retinoschisis]. [Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology, 53(1), pp. 46-52. doi:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0412-4081.2017.01.009.
Liu Q, Li SY, Chen X. [Relation Between Ultrasonographic Characteristics of Pathologic Myopia Posterior Staphyloma and Retinoschisis]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2017 Jan 11;53(1):46-52. PubMed PMID: 28162199.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Relation between ultrasonographic characteristics of pathologic myopia posterior staphyloma and retinoschisis]. AU - Liu,Q, AU - Li,S Y, AU - Chen,X, PY - 2017/2/7/entrez PY - 2017/2/7/pubmed PY - 2017/8/2/medline KW - Myopia, degenerative KW - Retinoschisis KW - Scleral diseases KW - Tomography, optical coherence KW - Ultrasonography SP - 46 EP - 52 JF - [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology JO - Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi VL - 53 IS - 1 N2 - Objective: To study the ultrasonographic characteristics of pathologic myopia posterior staphyloma and the relation with retinoschisis. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Eighty-seven eyes of 66 pathologic myopia patients with posterior staphyloma were included. Staphyloma morphology and anteroposterior axis of the eyeball were observed by B-scan ultrasonography. Optical coherence tomography was used to explore the retinoschisis. Results: Arc-shaped (10.35%), cone-shaped (22.99%), wedge-shaped (33.33%) and rectangle-shaped (33.33%) posterior staphylomas were found by B-scan ultrasonography. Posterior pole or macular retinoschisis was found by optical coherence tomography in 65 eyes (74.71%), 56 of which (86.15%) were observed to have a rough posterior ocular wall or membranoid attachment by ultrasonography. The anteroposterior axis of arc-shaped posterior staphyloma was shorter than that of staphylomas in the other shapes. Posterior staphyloma morphology was related to retinoschisis(r=0.385, 0.406. P<0.01). The retinoschisis was at the macula in 80.00% of cone-shaped posterior staphyloma, at the wedge-shaped corner in 75.00% of wedge-shaped posterior staphyloma and at the rectangle-shaped corner in 62.50% of rectangle-shaped posterior staphyloma. Conclusions: It is hard to discover retinoschisis of pathologic myopia posterior staphyloma by ophthalmoscopy. Morphologic characters of posterior staphyloma and conditions of posterior eyewall can be showed directly under ultrasonographic examination. B-scan ultrasonography may provide a diagnostic basis for pathologic myopia retinoschisis. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 46-52). SN - 0412-4081 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28162199/[Relation_between_ultrasonographic_characteristics_of_pathologic_myopia_posterior_staphyloma_and_retinoschisis]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&amp;issn=0412-4081&amp;year=2017&amp;vol=53&amp;issue=1&amp;fpage=46 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -