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The legacy pesticide dieldrin acts as a teratogen and alters the expression of dopamine transporter and dopamine receptor 2a in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos.

Abstract

Dieldrin (DLD) is a lipophilic pesticide that shows environmental persistence. The objectives were to determine the effects of DLD on GABAergic and dopaminergic systems in developing zebrafish. Both chorionated and dechorionated embryos (~24h post-hatch) were exposed to a single concentration of DLD (0.347-3470μM) for 48h. Following exposure, a subset of larvae was placed into clean water for 6days (i.e. depuration phase). Chorionated embryos showed <15% mortality while dechorionated embryos showed higher mortality (>30%), suggesting that the chorion protected the embryos. Over a 6day depuration phase, there was a dose dependent effect observed in both the "dechorionated and chorionated embryo" treatments for larval mortality (>60%). At the end of depuration, there was no detectable change in neuro-morphological endpoints that included the ratio of notochord length to body length (%) and the ratio of head area to body area (%). However, DLD did induce cardiac edema, skeletal deformities, and tremors. GABA-related transcripts were not affected in abundance by DLD. Conversely, the relative mRNA levels of dopamine transporter (dat1) and dopamine receptor drd2a mRNA were decreased in dechorionated, but not chorionated, embryos. These data suggest that DLD can alter the expression of transcripts related to dopaminergic signaling. Lastly, GABAA receptor subunits gabrB1 and gabrB2, as well as dopamine receptors drd1 and drd2a, were inherently higher in abundance in dechorionated embryos compared to chorionated embryos. This is an important consideration when incorporating transcriptomics into embryo testing as expression levels can change with removal of the chorion prior to exposure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Canadian Rivers Institute and Department of Biology, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick, E2L 4L5, Canada.Canadian Rivers Institute and Department of Biology, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick, E2L 4L5, Canada.Canadian Rivers Institute and Department of Biology, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick, E2L 4L5, Canada. Electronic address: cmartyn@ufl.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28163252

Citation

Sarty, Kathleena I., et al. "The Legacy Pesticide Dieldrin Acts as a Teratogen and Alters the Expression of Dopamine Transporter and Dopamine Receptor 2a in Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Embryos." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology : CBP, vol. 194, 2017, pp. 37-47.
Sarty KI, Cowie A, Martyniuk CJ. The legacy pesticide dieldrin acts as a teratogen and alters the expression of dopamine transporter and dopamine receptor 2a in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017;194:37-47.
Sarty, K. I., Cowie, A., & Martyniuk, C. J. (2017). The legacy pesticide dieldrin acts as a teratogen and alters the expression of dopamine transporter and dopamine receptor 2a in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology : CBP, 194, pp. 37-47. doi:10.1016/j.cbpc.2017.01.010.
Sarty KI, Cowie A, Martyniuk CJ. The Legacy Pesticide Dieldrin Acts as a Teratogen and Alters the Expression of Dopamine Transporter and Dopamine Receptor 2a in Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Embryos. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017;194:37-47. PubMed PMID: 28163252.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The legacy pesticide dieldrin acts as a teratogen and alters the expression of dopamine transporter and dopamine receptor 2a in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. AU - Sarty,Kathleena I, AU - Cowie,Andrew, AU - Martyniuk,Christopher J, Y1 - 2017/02/03/ PY - 2016/10/01/received PY - 2017/01/31/revised PY - 2017/01/31/accepted PY - 2017/2/7/pubmed PY - 2017/3/11/medline PY - 2017/2/7/entrez KW - Developmental profile KW - Gamma-amino-butyric acid KW - Hatch rate KW - Legacy pesticide KW - Neurotransmitter KW - Tyrosine hydroxylase SP - 37 EP - 47 JF - Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP JO - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C Toxicol. Pharmacol. VL - 194 N2 - Dieldrin (DLD) is a lipophilic pesticide that shows environmental persistence. The objectives were to determine the effects of DLD on GABAergic and dopaminergic systems in developing zebrafish. Both chorionated and dechorionated embryos (~24h post-hatch) were exposed to a single concentration of DLD (0.347-3470μM) for 48h. Following exposure, a subset of larvae was placed into clean water for 6days (i.e. depuration phase). Chorionated embryos showed <15% mortality while dechorionated embryos showed higher mortality (>30%), suggesting that the chorion protected the embryos. Over a 6day depuration phase, there was a dose dependent effect observed in both the "dechorionated and chorionated embryo" treatments for larval mortality (>60%). At the end of depuration, there was no detectable change in neuro-morphological endpoints that included the ratio of notochord length to body length (%) and the ratio of head area to body area (%). However, DLD did induce cardiac edema, skeletal deformities, and tremors. GABA-related transcripts were not affected in abundance by DLD. Conversely, the relative mRNA levels of dopamine transporter (dat1) and dopamine receptor drd2a mRNA were decreased in dechorionated, but not chorionated, embryos. These data suggest that DLD can alter the expression of transcripts related to dopaminergic signaling. Lastly, GABAA receptor subunits gabrB1 and gabrB2, as well as dopamine receptors drd1 and drd2a, were inherently higher in abundance in dechorionated embryos compared to chorionated embryos. This is an important consideration when incorporating transcriptomics into embryo testing as expression levels can change with removal of the chorion prior to exposure. SN - 1532-0456 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28163252/The_legacy_pesticide_dieldrin_acts_as_a_teratogen_and_alters_the_expression_of_dopamine_transporter_and_dopamine_receptor_2a_in_zebrafish__Danio_rerio__embryos_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1532-0456(17)30018-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -