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Early Taste Experiences and Later Food Choices.
Nutrients 2017; 9(2)N

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Nutrition in early life is increasingly considered to be an important factor influencing later health. Food preferences are formed in infancy, are tracked into childhood and beyond, and complementary feeding practices are crucial to prevent obesity later in life.

METHODS

Through a literature search strategy, we have investigated the role of breastfeeding, of complementary feeding, and the parental and sociocultural factors which contribute to set food preferences early in life.

RESULTS

Children are predisposed to prefer high-energy, -sugar, and -salt foods, and in pre-school age to reject new foods (food neophobia). While genetically determined individual differences exist, repeated offering of foods can modify innate preferences.

CONCLUSIONS

Starting in the prenatal period, a varied exposure through amniotic fluid and repeated experiences with novel flavors during breastfeeding and complementary feeding increase children's willingness to try new foods within a positive social environment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Valentina De Cosmi Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Branch of Medical Statistics, Biometry, and Epidemiology "G. A. Maccacaro", Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy. valentina.decosmi@gmail.com.Silvia Scaglioni Fondazione De Marchi Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy. silviascaglioni50@gmail.com.Carlo Agostoni Pediatric Intermediate Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy. carlo.agostoni@unimi.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28165384

Citation

De Cosmi, Valentina, et al. "Early Taste Experiences and Later Food Choices." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 2, 2017.
De Cosmi V, Scaglioni S, Agostoni C. Early Taste Experiences and Later Food Choices. Nutrients. 2017;9(2).
De Cosmi, V., Scaglioni, S., & Agostoni, C. (2017). Early Taste Experiences and Later Food Choices. Nutrients, 9(2), doi:10.3390/nu9020107.
De Cosmi V, Scaglioni S, Agostoni C. Early Taste Experiences and Later Food Choices. Nutrients. 2017 Feb 4;9(2) PubMed PMID: 28165384.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Early Taste Experiences and Later Food Choices. AU - De Cosmi,Valentina, AU - Scaglioni,Silvia, AU - Agostoni,Carlo, Y1 - 2017/02/04/ PY - 2016/11/04/received PY - 2016/12/12/revised PY - 2017/01/24/accepted PY - 2017/2/7/entrez PY - 2017/2/7/pubmed PY - 2017/6/20/medline KW - breastfeeding KW - children obesity KW - complementary feeding KW - early taste KW - feeding strategy KW - food choices KW - food preferences JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Nutrition in early life is increasingly considered to be an important factor influencing later health. Food preferences are formed in infancy, are tracked into childhood and beyond, and complementary feeding practices are crucial to prevent obesity later in life. METHODS: Through a literature search strategy, we have investigated the role of breastfeeding, of complementary feeding, and the parental and sociocultural factors which contribute to set food preferences early in life. RESULTS: Children are predisposed to prefer high-energy, -sugar, and -salt foods, and in pre-school age to reject new foods (food neophobia). While genetically determined individual differences exist, repeated offering of foods can modify innate preferences. CONCLUSIONS: Starting in the prenatal period, a varied exposure through amniotic fluid and repeated experiences with novel flavors during breastfeeding and complementary feeding increase children's willingness to try new foods within a positive social environment. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28165384/Early_Taste_Experiences_and_Later_Food_Choices_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9020107 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -