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Long-term associations between inflammatory dietary scores in relation to long-term C-reactive protein status measured 12 years later: findings from the Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU.VI.MAX) cohort.
Br J Nutr 2017; 117(2):306-314BJ

Abstract

Chronic low-grade inflammation has been recognised as a key underlying mechanism for several chronic diseases, including cancer and CVD. Nutrition represents a host of key modifiable factors that influence chronic inflammation. Dietary inflammatory scores were developed to assess the inflammatory potential of the diet and have been associated with inflammatory biomarkers in cross-sectional and short-term longitudinal studies. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII), the alternate dietary inflammatory index (ADII) and long-term C-reactive protein (CRP). We also tested age as an effect modifier of this relationship. Participants were selected in the Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants study, which included subjects aged 45-60 years old for men and 35-60 years old for women in 1994. Participants with ≥3 24-h dietary records at baseline and a CRP measurement at the 12-year follow-up evaluation were included in the present study (n 1980). The relationships between the DII and ADII and elevated CRP (>3 mg/l) were investigated using logistic multivariable regression. All analyses were stratified by age (cut-off at median age=50 years old). The overall associations between DII and ADII and long-term CRP were not statistically significant (P trend across tertiles=0·16 for DII and 0·10 for ADII). A quantitative interaction was found between ADII score and age (P=0·16 for ADII, 0·36 for DII). In stratified analyses the ADII was significantly prospectively associated with CRP only in younger participants: OR tertile 3 v. tertile 1: 1·79 (95 % CI 1·04, 3·07). Pro-inflammatory diets may have long-term effect on CRP only in younger subjects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité,Inserm (U1153),Inra (U1125),Cnam,COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité,Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité,Inserm (U1153),Inra (U1125),Cnam,COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité,Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.3Cancer Prevention and Control Program,University of South Carolina,915 Greene Street,Suite 241,Columbia,SC 29208,USA.3Cancer Prevention and Control Program,University of South Carolina,915 Greene Street,Suite 241,Columbia,SC 29208,USA.3Cancer Prevention and Control Program,University of South Carolina,915 Greene Street,Suite 241,Columbia,SC 29208,USA.1Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité,Inserm (U1153),Inra (U1125),Cnam,COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité,Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité,Inserm (U1153),Inra (U1125),Cnam,COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité,Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité,Inserm (U1153),Inra (U1125),Cnam,COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité,Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28166841

Citation

Julia, Chantal, et al. "Long-term Associations Between Inflammatory Dietary Scores in Relation to Long-term C-reactive Protein Status Measured 12 Years Later: Findings From the Supplémentation En Vitamines Et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU.VI.MAX) Cohort." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 117, no. 2, 2017, pp. 306-314.
Julia C, Assmann KE, Shivappa N, et al. Long-term associations between inflammatory dietary scores in relation to long-term C-reactive protein status measured 12 years later: findings from the Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU.VI.MAX) cohort. Br J Nutr. 2017;117(2):306-314.
Julia, C., Assmann, K. E., Shivappa, N., Hebert, J. R., Wirth, M. D., Hercberg, S., ... Kesse-Guyot, E. (2017). Long-term associations between inflammatory dietary scores in relation to long-term C-reactive protein status measured 12 years later: findings from the Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU.VI.MAX) cohort. The British Journal of Nutrition, 117(2), pp. 306-314. doi:10.1017/S0007114517000034.
Julia C, et al. Long-term Associations Between Inflammatory Dietary Scores in Relation to Long-term C-reactive Protein Status Measured 12 Years Later: Findings From the Supplémentation En Vitamines Et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU.VI.MAX) Cohort. Br J Nutr. 2017;117(2):306-314. PubMed PMID: 28166841.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term associations between inflammatory dietary scores in relation to long-term C-reactive protein status measured 12 years later: findings from the Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU.VI.MAX) cohort. AU - Julia,Chantal, AU - Assmann,Karen E, AU - Shivappa,Nitin, AU - Hebert,James R, AU - Wirth,Michael D, AU - Hercberg,Serge, AU - Touvier,Mathilde, AU - Kesse-Guyot,Emmanuelle, Y1 - 2017/02/07/ PY - 2017/2/9/pubmed PY - 2017/5/23/medline PY - 2017/2/8/entrez KW - ADII alternate dietary inflammatory index KW - CRP C-reactive protein KW - DII dietary inflammatory index KW - SU.VI.MAX Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants KW - C-reactive protein KW - Dietary scores KW - Inflammation SP - 306 EP - 314 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 117 IS - 2 N2 - Chronic low-grade inflammation has been recognised as a key underlying mechanism for several chronic diseases, including cancer and CVD. Nutrition represents a host of key modifiable factors that influence chronic inflammation. Dietary inflammatory scores were developed to assess the inflammatory potential of the diet and have been associated with inflammatory biomarkers in cross-sectional and short-term longitudinal studies. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII), the alternate dietary inflammatory index (ADII) and long-term C-reactive protein (CRP). We also tested age as an effect modifier of this relationship. Participants were selected in the Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants study, which included subjects aged 45-60 years old for men and 35-60 years old for women in 1994. Participants with ≥3 24-h dietary records at baseline and a CRP measurement at the 12-year follow-up evaluation were included in the present study (n 1980). The relationships between the DII and ADII and elevated CRP (>3 mg/l) were investigated using logistic multivariable regression. All analyses were stratified by age (cut-off at median age=50 years old). The overall associations between DII and ADII and long-term CRP were not statistically significant (P trend across tertiles=0·16 for DII and 0·10 for ADII). A quantitative interaction was found between ADII score and age (P=0·16 for ADII, 0·36 for DII). In stratified analyses the ADII was significantly prospectively associated with CRP only in younger participants: OR tertile 3 v. tertile 1: 1·79 (95 % CI 1·04, 3·07). Pro-inflammatory diets may have long-term effect on CRP only in younger subjects. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28166841/Long_term_associations_between_inflammatory_dietary_scores_in_relation_to_long_term_C_reactive_protein_status_measured_12_years_later:_findings_from_the_Supplémentation_en_Vitamines_et_Minéraux_Antioxydants__SU_VI_MAX__cohort_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114517000034/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -