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Ginsenoside Rg1 improves fertility and reduces ovarian pathological damages in premature ovarian failure model of mice.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2017 04; 242(7):683-691.EB

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the effect as well as mechanism of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) on premature ovarian failure (POF) induced by d-galactose (d-gal) in mice. C57BL/6 female mice were divided into four groups randomly, which were the saline group, the d-gal group, the d-gal + Rg1 group, and the Rg1 group. Body weight was recorded. Overall ovarian function including estrous cycles, sex hormone secretion, ovarian follicle development, and ovarian morphology was analyzed by H&E staining and ELISA. Effect of Rg1 on aging was determined by analyzing the activities of oxidation-associated biomarkers, pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, expression of senescence-associated proteins, and fertility. Compared with the d-gal group, in Rg1 + d-gal group, body weight was increased significantly, estrous cycle block was released, and fertility and the morphology of ovaries were restored. And, Rg1 treatment after d-gal administration significantly reduced senescence-associated protein expression, increased the activity of total superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase from bovine erythrocyte, and induced higher follicle stimulating hormone receptor protein expression. Additionally, the expression levels of malondialdehyde, interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6 were significantly decreased. Together, Rg1 improves mouse fertility and reduces ovarian pathological damage in d-gal-induced POF model possibly through enhancing anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacities and reducing expression of senescence signal pathway proteins. Impact statement Ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) is a kind of natural estrogen and it has antioxidation and antiaging effects. However, whether Rg1 has effects on premature ovarian failure (POF) is still not clear. In this study, aging model induced by d-galactose was used to mimic POF. The effect and possible mechanism of Rg1 on ovary aging was investigated. We found that Rg1 treatment up-regulated the expression of follicle stimulating hormone receptor and down-regulated senescence-associated protein expression in granule cells of POF mice. Particularly, Rg1 improved fertility ability and reduced ovarian pathological damages by its antioxidative and anti-inflammation capacity. Thus, Rg1 enhances the antiaging ability of ovary and fertility ability of POF mice through enhancing the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacities of ovary.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China. 2 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Third Affiliated Hospital, Zunyi Medical College, Guizhou 563000, China.1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China.1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China.3 Department of Histology and Embryology, Laboratory of Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China.1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28178855

Citation

He, Lianli, et al. "Ginsenoside Rg1 Improves Fertility and Reduces Ovarian Pathological Damages in Premature Ovarian Failure Model of Mice." Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.), vol. 242, no. 7, 2017, pp. 683-691.
He L, Ling L, Wei T, et al. Ginsenoside Rg1 improves fertility and reduces ovarian pathological damages in premature ovarian failure model of mice. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2017;242(7):683-691.
He, L., Ling, L., Wei, T., Wang, Y., & Xiong, Z. (2017). Ginsenoside Rg1 improves fertility and reduces ovarian pathological damages in premature ovarian failure model of mice. Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 242(7), 683-691. https://doi.org/10.1177/1535370217693323
He L, et al. Ginsenoside Rg1 Improves Fertility and Reduces Ovarian Pathological Damages in Premature Ovarian Failure Model of Mice. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2017;242(7):683-691. PubMed PMID: 28178855.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ginsenoside Rg1 improves fertility and reduces ovarian pathological damages in premature ovarian failure model of mice. AU - He,Lianli, AU - Ling,Li, AU - Wei,Tianqin, AU - Wang,Yaping, AU - Xiong,Zhengai, Y1 - 2017/01/01/ PY - 2017/2/10/pubmed PY - 2017/6/27/medline PY - 2017/2/10/entrez KW - Premature ovarian failure KW - aging KW - d-galactose KW - follicle stimulating hormone receptor KW - ginsenoside Rg1 KW - senescence SP - 683 EP - 691 JF - Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.) JO - Exp. Biol. Med. (Maywood) VL - 242 IS - 7 N2 - This study aims to investigate the effect as well as mechanism of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) on premature ovarian failure (POF) induced by d-galactose (d-gal) in mice. C57BL/6 female mice were divided into four groups randomly, which were the saline group, the d-gal group, the d-gal + Rg1 group, and the Rg1 group. Body weight was recorded. Overall ovarian function including estrous cycles, sex hormone secretion, ovarian follicle development, and ovarian morphology was analyzed by H&E staining and ELISA. Effect of Rg1 on aging was determined by analyzing the activities of oxidation-associated biomarkers, pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, expression of senescence-associated proteins, and fertility. Compared with the d-gal group, in Rg1 + d-gal group, body weight was increased significantly, estrous cycle block was released, and fertility and the morphology of ovaries were restored. And, Rg1 treatment after d-gal administration significantly reduced senescence-associated protein expression, increased the activity of total superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase from bovine erythrocyte, and induced higher follicle stimulating hormone receptor protein expression. Additionally, the expression levels of malondialdehyde, interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6 were significantly decreased. Together, Rg1 improves mouse fertility and reduces ovarian pathological damage in d-gal-induced POF model possibly through enhancing anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacities and reducing expression of senescence signal pathway proteins. Impact statement Ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) is a kind of natural estrogen and it has antioxidation and antiaging effects. However, whether Rg1 has effects on premature ovarian failure (POF) is still not clear. In this study, aging model induced by d-galactose was used to mimic POF. The effect and possible mechanism of Rg1 on ovary aging was investigated. We found that Rg1 treatment up-regulated the expression of follicle stimulating hormone receptor and down-regulated senescence-associated protein expression in granule cells of POF mice. Particularly, Rg1 improved fertility ability and reduced ovarian pathological damages by its antioxidative and anti-inflammation capacity. Thus, Rg1 enhances the antiaging ability of ovary and fertility ability of POF mice through enhancing the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacities of ovary. SN - 1535-3699 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28178855/Ginsenoside_Rg1_improves_fertility_and_reduces_ovarian_pathological_damages_in_premature_ovarian_failure_model_of_mice_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1535370217693323?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -