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A longitudinal study of the role of children's altruism and forgiveness in the relation between parental aggressive discipline and anxiety of preschoolers in China.
Child Abuse Negl. 2017 Mar; 65:236-247.CA

Abstract

Using data collected over a 1-year period on a stratified random sample of 368 parents with children studying in nurseries (mean age=3.97years), this study assessed the predictive effects of parental corporal punishment, parental psychological aggression, preschoolers' altruism, and preschoolers' forgiveness on preschoolers' anxiety symptoms in Hong Kong, China. Results of hierarchical regression analyses showed that parental psychological aggression, preschoolers' altruism and preschoolers' forgiveness at Time 1 significantly predicted preschoolers' anxiety at Time 2, when controlling for the initial level of preschoolers' anxiety and important demographic variables that co-vary with preschoolers' anxiety. Moreover, preschoolers' altruism moderated the predictive effect of parental psychological aggression on preschoolers' anxiety symptoms. The study has several significant contributions. First, the study supports the predictive effect of parental aggressive discipline on preschoolers' anxiety. Second, we provide evidence that preschoolers' altruism and forgiveness negatively predict preschoolers' anxiety symptoms. Third, preschoolers' altruism and forgiveness are shown to protect them against parental psychological aggression. A dual-focus approach to intervention and prevention is proposed to reduce aggressive discipline by parents as well as to enhance altruism and forgiveness in children. Parent training programs could be provided to teach parents positive discipline strategies. Home-based or school-based interventions could be designed for preschool children to foster and enhance their altruism and forgiveness.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Applied Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address: scyckwok@cityu.edu.hk.Department of Applied Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address: minmingu@cityu.edu.hk.Department of Applied Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address: apscheung2-c@my.cityu.edu.hk.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28189961

Citation

Kwok, Sylvia Y C L., et al. "A Longitudinal Study of the Role of Children's Altruism and Forgiveness in the Relation Between Parental Aggressive Discipline and Anxiety of Preschoolers in China." Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 65, 2017, pp. 236-247.
Kwok SY, Gu M, Cheung AP. A longitudinal study of the role of children's altruism and forgiveness in the relation between parental aggressive discipline and anxiety of preschoolers in China. Child Abuse Negl. 2017;65:236-247.
Kwok, S. Y., Gu, M., & Cheung, A. P. (2017). A longitudinal study of the role of children's altruism and forgiveness in the relation between parental aggressive discipline and anxiety of preschoolers in China. Child Abuse & Neglect, 65, 236-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.02.004
Kwok SY, Gu M, Cheung AP. A Longitudinal Study of the Role of Children's Altruism and Forgiveness in the Relation Between Parental Aggressive Discipline and Anxiety of Preschoolers in China. Child Abuse Negl. 2017;65:236-247. PubMed PMID: 28189961.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A longitudinal study of the role of children's altruism and forgiveness in the relation between parental aggressive discipline and anxiety of preschoolers in China. AU - Kwok,Sylvia Y C L, AU - Gu,Minmin, AU - Cheung,Andy P S, Y1 - 2017/02/10/ PY - 2016/03/28/received PY - 2017/01/05/revised PY - 2017/02/02/accepted PY - 2017/2/13/pubmed PY - 2018/8/7/medline PY - 2017/2/13/entrez KW - Aggressive discipline KW - Altruism KW - Anxiety KW - Chinese preschoolers KW - Corporal punishment KW - Forgiveness KW - Positive psychology KW - Psychological aggression SP - 236 EP - 247 JF - Child abuse & neglect JO - Child Abuse Negl VL - 65 N2 - Using data collected over a 1-year period on a stratified random sample of 368 parents with children studying in nurseries (mean age=3.97years), this study assessed the predictive effects of parental corporal punishment, parental psychological aggression, preschoolers' altruism, and preschoolers' forgiveness on preschoolers' anxiety symptoms in Hong Kong, China. Results of hierarchical regression analyses showed that parental psychological aggression, preschoolers' altruism and preschoolers' forgiveness at Time 1 significantly predicted preschoolers' anxiety at Time 2, when controlling for the initial level of preschoolers' anxiety and important demographic variables that co-vary with preschoolers' anxiety. Moreover, preschoolers' altruism moderated the predictive effect of parental psychological aggression on preschoolers' anxiety symptoms. The study has several significant contributions. First, the study supports the predictive effect of parental aggressive discipline on preschoolers' anxiety. Second, we provide evidence that preschoolers' altruism and forgiveness negatively predict preschoolers' anxiety symptoms. Third, preschoolers' altruism and forgiveness are shown to protect them against parental psychological aggression. A dual-focus approach to intervention and prevention is proposed to reduce aggressive discipline by parents as well as to enhance altruism and forgiveness in children. Parent training programs could be provided to teach parents positive discipline strategies. Home-based or school-based interventions could be designed for preschool children to foster and enhance their altruism and forgiveness. SN - 1873-7757 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28189961/A_longitudinal_study_of_the_role_of_children's_altruism_and_forgiveness_in_the_relation_between_parental_aggressive_discipline_and_anxiety_of_preschoolers_in_China_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0145-2134(17)30044-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -