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Peroxide-induced effects on lens cation transport following inhibition of glutathione reductase activity in vitro.
Exp Eye Res. 1987 Jul; 45(1):77-91.EE

Abstract

Previous studies from this laboratory have shown that the normal lens can tolerate exposure to 0.05 mM H2O2 without apparent damage and that this is due in part to an active glutathione redox cycle. The present studies were designed to investigate the role of glutathione reductase in protecting cation transport systems in the lens against potentially damaging effects of peroxide. Pre-treatment of rabbit lenses with 0.5 mM 1.3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU), a relatively specific inhibitor of glutathione reductase, brought about a 71% inhibition of the enzyme in the capsule-epithelia of the lenses. Subsequent exposure of the lenses for 3 hr to a constant level of 0.05 mM H2O2 in culture medium produced significant accumulation of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) in the lens epithelium and severe effects on the electrolyte balance in the lens, on the activity of Na, K-ATPase and on the accumulation and efflux of 86Rb. The effects included a 35% decrease in activity of Na, K-ATPase, a 10 mM increase in the concentration of Na+ and an 8 mM decrease in K+. BCNU-H2O2 treatment also resulted in loss of transparency of the lenses in the form of vacuoles present in the anterior, subcapsular region, encircling the entire periphery of the organ near the germinative zone of the epithelium. Treatment with either BCNU or 0.05 mM H2O2 alone had only minimal effects on accumulation of GSSG in the epithelium, on lens transparency and on the parameters of cation transport which were investigated. When lenses were treated with 0.05 mM H2O2 alone and then placed in normal medium to measure the accumulation of 86Rb it was found that the cation pump was stimulated 20% above the normal level of activity. Levels of H2O2 higher than 0.05 mM without BCNU pre-treatment produced significant inhibition of Na, K-ATPase and the effects of 0.3 mM H2O2 on cation transport and GSSG accumulation were comparable to those of BCNU-0.05 mM H2O2. While inhibition of the activities of glutathione reductase and Na, K-ATPase in the lenses was found to be irreversible, a partial recovery of the Na+ level and nearly complete recovery of the K+ level were observed when treated lenses were cultured in normal medium for an additional 6 hr. In addition, the rate of efflux of 86Rb which was significantly faster from the BCNU-H2O2-treated lenses compared with the controls, was found to return to the control value during the recovery period.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Eye Research Institute of Oakland University Rochester, MI 48063.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2820773

Citation

Giblin, F J., et al. "Peroxide-induced Effects On Lens Cation Transport Following Inhibition of Glutathione Reductase Activity in Vitro." Experimental Eye Research, vol. 45, no. 1, 1987, pp. 77-91.
Giblin FJ, McCready JP, Schrimscher L, et al. Peroxide-induced effects on lens cation transport following inhibition of glutathione reductase activity in vitro. Exp Eye Res. 1987;45(1):77-91.
Giblin, F. J., McCready, J. P., Schrimscher, L., & Reddy, V. N. (1987). Peroxide-induced effects on lens cation transport following inhibition of glutathione reductase activity in vitro. Experimental Eye Research, 45(1), 77-91.
Giblin FJ, et al. Peroxide-induced Effects On Lens Cation Transport Following Inhibition of Glutathione Reductase Activity in Vitro. Exp Eye Res. 1987;45(1):77-91. PubMed PMID: 2820773.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Peroxide-induced effects on lens cation transport following inhibition of glutathione reductase activity in vitro. AU - Giblin,F J, AU - McCready,J P, AU - Schrimscher,L, AU - Reddy,V N, PY - 1987/7/1/pubmed PY - 1987/7/1/medline PY - 1987/7/1/entrez SP - 77 EP - 91 JF - Experimental eye research JO - Exp Eye Res VL - 45 IS - 1 N2 - Previous studies from this laboratory have shown that the normal lens can tolerate exposure to 0.05 mM H2O2 without apparent damage and that this is due in part to an active glutathione redox cycle. The present studies were designed to investigate the role of glutathione reductase in protecting cation transport systems in the lens against potentially damaging effects of peroxide. Pre-treatment of rabbit lenses with 0.5 mM 1.3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU), a relatively specific inhibitor of glutathione reductase, brought about a 71% inhibition of the enzyme in the capsule-epithelia of the lenses. Subsequent exposure of the lenses for 3 hr to a constant level of 0.05 mM H2O2 in culture medium produced significant accumulation of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) in the lens epithelium and severe effects on the electrolyte balance in the lens, on the activity of Na, K-ATPase and on the accumulation and efflux of 86Rb. The effects included a 35% decrease in activity of Na, K-ATPase, a 10 mM increase in the concentration of Na+ and an 8 mM decrease in K+. BCNU-H2O2 treatment also resulted in loss of transparency of the lenses in the form of vacuoles present in the anterior, subcapsular region, encircling the entire periphery of the organ near the germinative zone of the epithelium. Treatment with either BCNU or 0.05 mM H2O2 alone had only minimal effects on accumulation of GSSG in the epithelium, on lens transparency and on the parameters of cation transport which were investigated. When lenses were treated with 0.05 mM H2O2 alone and then placed in normal medium to measure the accumulation of 86Rb it was found that the cation pump was stimulated 20% above the normal level of activity. Levels of H2O2 higher than 0.05 mM without BCNU pre-treatment produced significant inhibition of Na, K-ATPase and the effects of 0.3 mM H2O2 on cation transport and GSSG accumulation were comparable to those of BCNU-0.05 mM H2O2. While inhibition of the activities of glutathione reductase and Na, K-ATPase in the lenses was found to be irreversible, a partial recovery of the Na+ level and nearly complete recovery of the K+ level were observed when treated lenses were cultured in normal medium for an additional 6 hr. In addition, the rate of efflux of 86Rb which was significantly faster from the BCNU-H2O2-treated lenses compared with the controls, was found to return to the control value during the recovery period.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0014-4835 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2820773/Peroxide_induced_effects_on_lens_cation_transport_following_inhibition_of_glutathione_reductase_activity_in_vitro_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -