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A 20-year experience in unilateral cleft lip repair: From Millard to the triple unilimb Z-plasty technique.
Indian J Plast Surg 2016 Sep-Dec; 49(3):340-349IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study describes a 20-year experience of treating patients with unilateral cleft lip. During this time, various techniques were used including Millard's technique and its modification and two types of geometrically designed procedures. The study objective was to compare surgical outcomes of different surgical techniques for unilateral cleft lip repair.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

This is a retrospective audit of outcomes after unilateral cleft lip repair performed by a single surgeon since 1995. Of the 827 patients who underwent surgery, 277 met the criterion of having anthropometric measurements performed ≥1 year postoperatively. The patients were stratified into three groups according to cleft severity: incomplete, complete with less deficiency (3-6 mm difference between cleft and non-cleft lip height) and complete with more deficiency (>6 mm difference between cleft and non-cleft lip height). Anthropometric measurements, scar assessment and complications were recorded.

RESULTS

There were no differences in outcomes between Millard and Reichert-Millard techniques for incomplete unilateral cleft lip. For complete unilateral cleft lip and less tissue deficiency, lip symmetry was better using upper rotation advancement plus double unilimb Z-plasty than the Reichert-Millard technique. For complete unilateral cleft lip and more tissue deficiency, lip symmetry was better after triple unilimb Z-plasty than after upper rotation advancement plus double unilimb Z-plasty.

CONCLUSIONS

We presented a 20-year experience performing unilateral cleft lip repair. An individualised classification system with corresponding surgical techniques was successfully used during this period. The individualised surgical protocol used in this study allowed us to achieve improved surgical outcomes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Human Medicine, Post Graduate Studies San Martin de Porres University, Lima, Peru; Outreach Surgical Center Lima Perú ReSurge International 145 N Wolfe Rd, Sunnyvale, CA 94086, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28216814

Citation

Rossell-Perry, Percy. "A 20-year Experience in Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair: From Millard to the Triple Unilimb Z-plasty Technique." Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery : Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India, vol. 49, no. 3, 2016, pp. 340-349.
Rossell-Perry P. A 20-year experience in unilateral cleft lip repair: From Millard to the triple unilimb Z-plasty technique. Indian J Plast Surg. 2016;49(3):340-349.
Rossell-Perry, P. (2016). A 20-year experience in unilateral cleft lip repair: From Millard to the triple unilimb Z-plasty technique. Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery : Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India, 49(3), pp. 340-349. doi:10.4103/0970-0358.197226.
Rossell-Perry P. A 20-year Experience in Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair: From Millard to the Triple Unilimb Z-plasty Technique. Indian J Plast Surg. 2016;49(3):340-349. PubMed PMID: 28216814.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A 20-year experience in unilateral cleft lip repair: From Millard to the triple unilimb Z-plasty technique. A1 - Rossell-Perry,Percy, PY - 2017/2/21/entrez PY - 2017/2/22/pubmed PY - 2017/2/22/medline KW - Cleft lip repair KW - millard technique KW - unilateral cleft lip SP - 340 EP - 349 JF - Indian journal of plastic surgery : official publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India JO - Indian J Plast Surg VL - 49 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study describes a 20-year experience of treating patients with unilateral cleft lip. During this time, various techniques were used including Millard's technique and its modification and two types of geometrically designed procedures. The study objective was to compare surgical outcomes of different surgical techniques for unilateral cleft lip repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective audit of outcomes after unilateral cleft lip repair performed by a single surgeon since 1995. Of the 827 patients who underwent surgery, 277 met the criterion of having anthropometric measurements performed ≥1 year postoperatively. The patients were stratified into three groups according to cleft severity: incomplete, complete with less deficiency (3-6 mm difference between cleft and non-cleft lip height) and complete with more deficiency (>6 mm difference between cleft and non-cleft lip height). Anthropometric measurements, scar assessment and complications were recorded. RESULTS: There were no differences in outcomes between Millard and Reichert-Millard techniques for incomplete unilateral cleft lip. For complete unilateral cleft lip and less tissue deficiency, lip symmetry was better using upper rotation advancement plus double unilimb Z-plasty than the Reichert-Millard technique. For complete unilateral cleft lip and more tissue deficiency, lip symmetry was better after triple unilimb Z-plasty than after upper rotation advancement plus double unilimb Z-plasty. CONCLUSIONS: We presented a 20-year experience performing unilateral cleft lip repair. An individualised classification system with corresponding surgical techniques was successfully used during this period. The individualised surgical protocol used in this study allowed us to achieve improved surgical outcomes. SN - 0970-0358 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28216814/A_20_year_experience_in_unilateral_cleft_lip_repair:_From_Millard_to_the_triple_unilimb_Z_plasty_technique_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.4103/0970-0358.197226 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -