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Mediterranean Diet and Phase Angle in a Sample of Adult Population: Results of a Pilot Study.

Abstract

The Mediterranean diet is a healthy dietary pattern known to actively modulate the cell membrane properties. Phase angle (PhA) is a direct measure by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) used as marker of cell membrane integrity. Both food behaviour and PhA are influenced by age, sex and body weight. The aim of this study was to cross-sectionally evaluate the association between the adherence to Mediterranean diet and PhA in 1013 healthy adult patients stratified according to sex, age, and body mass index (BMI). The adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) questionnaire. PhA was calculated by BIA phase-sensitive system (50 kHz BIA 101 RJL, Akern Bioresearch, Florence, Italy Akern). In both sexes, at ROC analysis a PREDIMED score ≥ 6 predicted a PhA beyond the median value. At the multivariate analysis, among PREDIMED score, age, and BMI, the PREDIMED score was the major determinant of PhA, explaining 44.5% and 47.3% of PhA variability, in males and females respectively (p < 0.001). A novel association was reported between the adherence to the Mediterranean diet and PhA, independently of sex, age, and body weight. This association uncovered a new potential benefit of the Mediterranean diet on health outcomes, as in both sexes higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated to larger PhAs, as expression of cell membrane integrity.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    I.O.S. COLEMAN Srl, Acerra, 80011 Naples, Italy. luigi.barrea@unina.it.

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    I.O.S. COLEMAN Srl, Acerra, 80011 Naples, Italy. giovanna.muscogiuri@gmail.com.

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    Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Endocrinology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy. pmacchia@unina.it.

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    IRCCS SDN, Napoli Via Gianturco 113, 80143 Naples, Italy. cdisomma@unina.it.

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    I.O.S. COLEMAN Srl, Acerra, 80011 Naples, Italy. falco.and@gmail.com.

    ,

    I.O.S. COLEMAN Srl, Acerra, 80011 Naples, Italy. cristysav@hotmail.com.

    ,

    Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Endocrinology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy. colao@unina.it.

    Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Endocrinology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy. sisavast@unina.it.

    Source

    Nutrients 9:2 2017 Feb 17 pg

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Body Composition
    Body Mass Index
    Body Weight
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet, Mediterranean
    Electric Impedance
    Female
    Humans
    Italy
    Linear Models
    Logistic Models
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Assessment
    Patient Compliance
    Pilot Projects
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Observational Study

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    28218645

    Citation

    Barrea, Luigi, et al. "Mediterranean Diet and Phase Angle in a Sample of Adult Population: Results of a Pilot Study." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 2, 2017.
    Barrea L, Muscogiuri G, Macchia PE, et al. Mediterranean Diet and Phase Angle in a Sample of Adult Population: Results of a Pilot Study. Nutrients. 2017;9(2).
    Barrea, L., Muscogiuri, G., Macchia, P. E., Di Somma, C., Falco, A., Savanelli, M. C., ... Savastano, S. (2017). Mediterranean Diet and Phase Angle in a Sample of Adult Population: Results of a Pilot Study. Nutrients, 9(2), doi:10.3390/nu9020151.
    Barrea L, et al. Mediterranean Diet and Phase Angle in a Sample of Adult Population: Results of a Pilot Study. Nutrients. 2017 Feb 17;9(2) PubMed PMID: 28218645.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Mediterranean Diet and Phase Angle in a Sample of Adult Population: Results of a Pilot Study. AU - Barrea,Luigi, AU - Muscogiuri,Giovanna, AU - Macchia,Paolo Emidio, AU - Di Somma,Carolina, AU - Falco,Andrea, AU - Savanelli,Maria Cristina, AU - Colao,Annamaria, AU - Savastano,Silvia, Y1 - 2017/02/17/ PY - 2017/01/09/received PY - 2017/02/03/revised PY - 2017/02/07/accepted PY - 2017/2/21/entrez PY - 2017/2/22/pubmed PY - 2017/8/2/medline KW - PREDIMED score KW - bioelectrical impedance analysis KW - mediterranean diet KW - phase angle JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - The Mediterranean diet is a healthy dietary pattern known to actively modulate the cell membrane properties. Phase angle (PhA) is a direct measure by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) used as marker of cell membrane integrity. Both food behaviour and PhA are influenced by age, sex and body weight. The aim of this study was to cross-sectionally evaluate the association between the adherence to Mediterranean diet and PhA in 1013 healthy adult patients stratified according to sex, age, and body mass index (BMI). The adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) questionnaire. PhA was calculated by BIA phase-sensitive system (50 kHz BIA 101 RJL, Akern Bioresearch, Florence, Italy Akern). In both sexes, at ROC analysis a PREDIMED score ≥ 6 predicted a PhA beyond the median value. At the multivariate analysis, among PREDIMED score, age, and BMI, the PREDIMED score was the major determinant of PhA, explaining 44.5% and 47.3% of PhA variability, in males and females respectively (p < 0.001). A novel association was reported between the adherence to the Mediterranean diet and PhA, independently of sex, age, and body weight. This association uncovered a new potential benefit of the Mediterranean diet on health outcomes, as in both sexes higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated to larger PhAs, as expression of cell membrane integrity. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28218645/Mediterranean_Diet_and_Phase_Angle_in_a_Sample_of_Adult_Population:_Results_of_a_Pilot_Study_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9020151 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -